unitar thailand ghs capacity building
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
UNITAR-Thailand GHS Capacity Building

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 40

UNITAR-Thailand GHS Capacity Building - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 130 Views
  • Uploaded on

UNITAR-Thailand GHS Capacity Building. Pesticide Sector.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'UNITAR-Thailand GHS Capacity Building' - crescent


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide2
Currently Thailand adopts the FAO Guidelines on Good Labelling Practice for Pesticides 1994 to be applied for pesticide labelling and the WHO Recommended Classification of Pesticides by Hazard and Guidelines to Classification 2004 for pesticide classification in the country.
government sector
Government Sector
  • The Department of Agriculture is a responsible agency for control of import, export, production and having in posession of Agricultural hazardous substances (pesticides) under the Hazardous Substances Act B.E. 2535 (1992).
slide4
Hazardous substances are classified into 4 types according to their needs for control as follows:-
  • Type  Hazardous Substances
  • Type  Hazardous Substances
  • Type  Hazardous Substances
  • Type V Hazardous Substances
slide5
Classification of pesticides were made according to Notification of Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives entitled Label and Toxicity Level of Hazardous Substances under Responsibility of Department of Agriculture B.E. 2538. Pesticides are classified into 4 categories which are
slide6
Ia - extremely hazardous
  • Ib - highly hazardous
  • II - moderately hazardous
  • III - slightly hazardous
slide7
According to Notification of Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives entitled Criteria and Method for Production, Import, Export and Having in Possession of Hazardous Substances under Responsibility of Department of Agriculture B.E. 2538 (revised in B.E. 2547), it is required to
slide8
Register and obtain license prior to import, export, production and having in possession of Agricultural Hazardous Substances
  • Notify quantity of pesticide produced, imported and exported
slide9
Provide storage and production site(s) and equipment(s) for safety of workers and the environment
  • Provide training supervisor for sale and fumigation.
slide10

Labelling of pesticide is made according to Notification of Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives entitled Label and and Toxicity Level of Hazardous Substances under Responsibility of Department of Agriculture B.E. 2538.

slide11
The label has the contexts and pictogram for safety of user during mixing, using and storing pesticide. It also contains wordings of symptoms of poisoning, first aid treatment and guidance for physician.
slide15
Other Departments responsible for pesticides regulation are as follows:-
  • Department of Fisheries : responsible for control of pesticides in fish culture
  • Department of Livestock Development : responsible for control of pesticides used as disinfectant, cleaning solution, pesticides used to control ectoparasite
  • Department of Agricultural Extension : responsible for transfer of knowledge on safe handling and efficient use of pesticide to farmers
new laws to be enacted
New laws to be enacted

(1) Notification of Department of Agriculture entitled Basic Properties, Characteristics and Criteria for Production Site of Agricultural Hazardous Substances Licensing.

slide17
It is aimed at prevention of hazards caused by pesticide production which may occur on human, animal, plant, assets and the environment by determination on details of location, production factory, equipments, containers, protective equipments, storage sites and other safety provisions.
slide18
(2) Notification of Department of Agriculture entitled Basic Properties, Characteristics and Criteria for Having in Possession for sale of Agricultural Hazardous Substances Licensing. It determines details of location, building and responsibilities of pesticide possessor.
existing laws to be amended
Existing laws to be amended

(1) Notification of Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives entitled Determination on Details, Criteria and Methods for Registration of Hazardous Substances under Responsibility of Department of Agriculture. It is required to determine validity of registration certificate. The renewed pesticide registration will be able to use GHS system for labelling.

slide20
(2) Notification of Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives entitled Label and and Toxicity Level of Hazardous Substances under Responsibility of Department of Agriculture B.E. 2538. Label contents and classification according to GHS system will be determined.
slide21
(3) Notification of Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives entitled Criteria and Method for Production, Import, Export and Having in Possession of Hazardous Substances under Responsibility of Department of Agriculture B.E. 2538 (revised in B.E. 2547). Safety Data Sheet (SDS) according to GHS system will be determined.
slide22
(4) Notification of Ministry of Industry entitled List of Hazardous Substances (Third version) B.E. 2548 (2005). It is required that responsible agencies shall also control chemicals according to the purpose of use.
business trade sector
Business & Trade Sector
  • There are two associations concerning pesticide namely, Thai Crop Protection Association and Thai Agri-Business Association. Each association has pesticide import, export, production and distribution companies as members. These pesticide companies follow FAO Code of Conduct for Distribution and Use of Pesticdes.
slide24
Pesticide Business in Thailand comprises of multinational companies 5-7%, medium and large companies 40-45% and small companies 45-55%. Among them are 83 producers, 174 importers, 453 distributors and 138 fumigators.
slide25
Classification on type and toxicity of pesticide is based on the information and data generated by basic manufacturer in foreign country according to OECD Guidelines and follow good laboratory practice (GLP). The generated data shall be comparable to WHO Recommended Classification of Pesticides by Hazard and Guidelines to Classification.
slide26
The Safety Data Sheet (SDS) produced by multinational companies should be submitted when apply for import license.
slide27
Both pesticides associations cooperate with Department of Agriculture in providing training course on safe use of pesticides to farmers.
slide28
Multinational companies implement responsible care system and product stewardship together with ISO 14000 in order to have recording keeping system, risk assessment, reporting and inspection.
slide29
Only large and multinational companies can implement GHS system for classification and labeling of both single and mixed pesticides. Small enterprises are not able to implement GHS system.
slide30
The small label makes it impossible to contain necessary safety information. There is a possibilty of implementation of GHS system of labelling on big containers i.e. carton box, or metal or steel or plastic drum, or gunny or plastic bag.
civil society
Civil Society
  • Certain groups of civil society are interested in chemical hazard communication such as Alternate Agricultural Network, Consumer’s Foundation and Environmental Network of Chulalongkorn University. The Fruit GrowersGroup disseminates safety information on website http://www.chaosuan.com about safe and correct method for pesticide application.
slide32
The Environmental Network of Chulalongkorn University posted information on pesticide about SDS, hazard, REACH, industrial chemical and laws on thewebsite

http:// ww.chemtrack.org etc.

there were 2 cases of pesticide accident
There were 2 cases of pesticide accident.
  • The first one was on 5 June 2003 at Tambol Lumpakkud, Amphur Thanyaburi, Pathumthani, where 10 bottles of ammonium hydrogen phosphate and potassium nitrate were broken and caused annoyance to neighbours.
slide34
The second accident was on 28 June 2003, at Pesticide storage of Phattalung Provincial Agricultural Office where fire took place but could be extinguished within 30 minutes.
slide35
Bureau of Epidemiology, Department of Disease Control, MOPH, reported that during 1993-2002 there were 33,239 pateints caused by pesticides (average 3,323 pateints per year) and died 263 persons (average 26 persons per year).
slide36
The rate of sickness was highest in the year 1998 (6.7 per 100,000 capita), in the northern region (16.21 per 100,000 capita) at the age of 25-34 years and most of them were farmers.
slide37
The insecticide of organophosphate group caused highest number of sickness followed by herbicide of bipyridylium group (paraquar). Farmers’ risk of pesticides were assessed during 1997-2002 and found to increase every year started from 15.96% in 1997 to 29.41% in 2002.
slide38
Consumers’ risk of pesticides was assessed by analizing of pesticide residues on vetgetables in Bangkok markets in 2002. Out of 53,431 samples, residues were found in excess of maximum residue limits MRLs of 1,225 samples (2.29%). Chinese kale sample was found to have highest percentage on pesticide residue in excess of MRLs.
slide39
Most of civil societies support organic farming and non-chemical agriculture. Members lack of knowledge about GHS system and should have opportunity to be trained about it.
thank you

THANK YOU

Pesticide Sector

ad