Who Are They?
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Who Are They?. www.HebronChurchOfChrist.com. Who Are They?. “Hypocrites,” “blind guides,” “brood of vipers,” Mt. 23:15-33 Jesus’ description of scribes & Pharisees Loved religious titles, Mt. 23:6-10 Put religion on their sleeves, Mt. 23:5, 14. Who Are They?. “Hypocrites,” “blind guides,”

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Hebronchurchofchrist

Who Are They?

www.HebronChurchOfChrist.com


Hebronchurchofchrist

Who Are They?

  • “Hypocrites,” “blind guides,”

  • “brood of vipers,” Mt. 23:15-33

    • Jesus’ description of scribes & Pharisees

    • Loved religious titles, Mt. 23:6-10

    • Put religion on their sleeves, Mt. 23:5, 14


Hebronchurchofchrist

Who Are They?

  • “Hypocrites,” “blind guides,”

  • “brood of vipers,” Mt. 23:15-33

    • Who are these people in the New Testament

      • Sadducees

      • Lawyers

      • Zealots

      • Herodians


Hebronchurchofchrist

Who Are They?

Pharisees

Mt. 9:34

  • Historic background

    • Pharisee: “separated” or “separatist”

    • Traced by to 2nd century BC

    • Pious men who resisted Hellenism

    • Leadership of middle-class men

    • Held sway with the masses


Hebronchurchofchrist

Who Are They?

Pharisees

Mt. 9:34

  • Historic background

    • Strict ceremonial & dietary regulations

    • Official membership standards stringent

    • High esteem for oral traditions

    • Democratic views – equality of men


Hebronchurchofchrist

Who Are They?

Pharisees

Mt. 9:34

  • New Testament actions & beliefs

    • Made own laws, Mt. 15:1-14

    • Strict sect, Acts 26:5

    • Opposed Jesus, Mt. 12:9-14

    • Believed in an afterlife, Acts 23:8


Hebronchurchofchrist

Who Are They?

Sadducees

Mt. 3:7

  • Historic Background

    • Possible meanings

      • Righteous ones

      • Sons of Zadok

      • Judges or fiscal controllers


Hebronchurchofchrist

Who Are They?

Sadducees

Mt. 3:7

  • Historic Background

    • Aristocratic rulers beginning in 1st century

    • High priesthood & priestly caste

    • Majority of Sanhedrin council

    • Wealthy, upper class

    • Very political

    • Disappeared after 70 AD


Hebronchurchofchrist

Who Are They?

Sadducees

Mt. 3:7

  • New Testament actions & beliefs

    • Priestly caste, Acts 5:17

    • Denied the resurrection, angels, spirits,

    • Mt. 22:23-33; Acts 23:6-8

    • Sought to keep the status quo, Jn. 11:45-50

    • Opposed the apostles, Acts 4:1-3


Hebronchurchofchrist

Who Are They?

Scribes & Lawyers

Mt. 2:4; Lk. 10:25

  • Historic Background

    • Copied & studied the Law

    • Experts in the Law

    • Lawyers acted as judges

    • Could be Pharisees, Sadducees, or other


Hebronchurchofchrist

Who Are They?

Scribes & Lawyers

Mt. 2:4; Lk. 10:25

  • New Testament actions & beliefs

    • Kept traditions, Mk. 7:1, 2

    • Accused Jesus of blasphemy, Mk. 2:1-7

    • Tried to entrap Jesus, Jn. 8:2-5

    • Hard-hearted, Mt. 21:15

    • Responsible for death of Christ –

    • along with others, Mk. 8:31; 14:1


Hebronchurchofchrist

Who Are They?

Zealots

  • Historic Background

    • Developed in reaction to

      • greater Roman control

    • Used violence & intrigue

    • Refused to pay taxes

    • Refused to use foreign language


Hebronchurchofchrist

Who Are They?

Zealots

  • New Testament actions & beliefs

    • Simon the Zealot – apostle, Lk. 6:15


Hebronchurchofchrist

Who Are They?

Herodians

  • Historic Background

    • Supporters of Herodian rulers

    • Political party


Hebronchurchofchrist

Who Are They?

Herodians

  • New Testament actions & beliefs

    • Sought to destroy Jesus early, Mk. 3:6

    • Joined with Pharisees to entrap Jesus,

    • Mt. 22:15-22


Hebronchurchofchrist

Who Are They?

Pharisees

Nationalists – repentance & submission to God

Zealots

Nationalists – resistance & rebellion to Rome

Sadducees

Aristocrat rulers – good terms with Rome to maintain power

Herodians

Compromisers – sell-outs to wicked rulers


Hebronchurchofchrist

Who Are They?

  • Modern manifestations of these groups

  • are seen in denominations

    • Religious titles

    • Outward displays of religious devotion

    • Creating own laws & regulations

    • More interest in political power

    • than spiritual purity

    • Compromisers with a wicked culture

    • Enemies of the cross of Christ


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