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Who Are They?. www.HebronChurchOfChrist.com. Who Are They?. “Hypocrites,” “blind guides,” “brood of vipers,” Mt. 23:15-33 Jesus’ description of scribes & Pharisees Loved religious titles, Mt. 23:6-10 Put religion on their sleeves, Mt. 23:5, 14. Who Are They?. “Hypocrites,” “blind guides,”

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Who Are They?

www.HebronChurchOfChrist.com

slide2

Who Are They?

  • “Hypocrites,” “blind guides,”
  • “brood of vipers,” Mt. 23:15-33
    • Jesus’ description of scribes & Pharisees
    • Loved religious titles, Mt. 23:6-10
    • Put religion on their sleeves, Mt. 23:5, 14
slide3

Who Are They?

  • “Hypocrites,” “blind guides,”
  • “brood of vipers,” Mt. 23:15-33
    • Who are these people in the New Testament
      • Sadducees
      • Lawyers
      • Zealots
      • Herodians
slide4

Who Are They?

Pharisees

Mt. 9:34

  • Historic background
    • Pharisee: “separated” or “separatist”
    • Traced by to 2nd century BC
    • Pious men who resisted Hellenism
    • Leadership of middle-class men
    • Held sway with the masses
slide5

Who Are They?

Pharisees

Mt. 9:34

  • Historic background
    • Strict ceremonial & dietary regulations
    • Official membership standards stringent
    • High esteem for oral traditions
    • Democratic views – equality of men
slide6

Who Are They?

Pharisees

Mt. 9:34

  • New Testament actions & beliefs
    • Made own laws, Mt. 15:1-14
    • Strict sect, Acts 26:5
    • Opposed Jesus, Mt. 12:9-14
    • Believed in an afterlife, Acts 23:8
slide7

Who Are They?

Sadducees

Mt. 3:7

  • Historic Background
    • Possible meanings
      • Righteous ones
      • Sons of Zadok
      • Judges or fiscal controllers
slide8

Who Are They?

Sadducees

Mt. 3:7

  • Historic Background
    • Aristocratic rulers beginning in 1st century
    • High priesthood & priestly caste
    • Majority of Sanhedrin council
    • Wealthy, upper class
    • Very political
    • Disappeared after 70 AD
slide9

Who Are They?

Sadducees

Mt. 3:7

  • New Testament actions & beliefs
    • Priestly caste, Acts 5:17
    • Denied the resurrection, angels, spirits,
    • Mt. 22:23-33; Acts 23:6-8
    • Sought to keep the status quo, Jn. 11:45-50
    • Opposed the apostles, Acts 4:1-3
slide10

Who Are They?

Scribes & Lawyers

Mt. 2:4; Lk. 10:25

  • Historic Background
    • Copied & studied the Law
    • Experts in the Law
    • Lawyers acted as judges
    • Could be Pharisees, Sadducees, or other
slide11

Who Are They?

Scribes & Lawyers

Mt. 2:4; Lk. 10:25

  • New Testament actions & beliefs
    • Kept traditions, Mk. 7:1, 2
    • Accused Jesus of blasphemy, Mk. 2:1-7
    • Tried to entrap Jesus, Jn. 8:2-5
    • Hard-hearted, Mt. 21:15
    • Responsible for death of Christ –
    • along with others, Mk. 8:31; 14:1
slide12

Who Are They?

Zealots

  • Historic Background
    • Developed in reaction to
      • greater Roman control
    • Used violence & intrigue
    • Refused to pay taxes
    • Refused to use foreign language
slide13

Who Are They?

Zealots

  • New Testament actions & beliefs
    • Simon the Zealot – apostle, Lk. 6:15
slide14

Who Are They?

Herodians

  • Historic Background
    • Supporters of Herodian rulers
    • Political party
slide15

Who Are They?

Herodians

  • New Testament actions & beliefs
    • Sought to destroy Jesus early, Mk. 3:6
    • Joined with Pharisees to entrap Jesus,
    • Mt. 22:15-22
slide16

Who Are They?

Pharisees

Nationalists – repentance & submission to God

Zealots

Nationalists – resistance & rebellion to Rome

Sadducees

Aristocrat rulers – good terms with Rome to maintain power

Herodians

Compromisers – sell-outs to wicked rulers

slide17

Who Are They?

  • Modern manifestations of these groups
  • are seen in denominations
    • Religious titles
    • Outward displays of religious devotion
    • Creating own laws & regulations
    • More interest in political power
    • than spiritual purity
    • Compromisers with a wicked culture
    • Enemies of the cross of Christ