Language
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Language PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Language. A means of communication. Language can be…. All languages contain…. Phonemes. Morphemes. The smallest unit of meaningful sound. Can be words like a or but . Can also be parts of words like prefixes or suffixes…”ed” at the end of a word means past tense.

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Language

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Language

Language

A means of communication.


Language can be

Language can be…..


All languages contain

All languages contain….

Phonemes

Morphemes

The smallest unit of meaningful sound.

Can be words like a or but.

Can also be parts of words like prefixes or suffixes…”ed” at the end of a word means past tense.

  • The smallest units of sound in a language.

  • English has about 44 phonemes.

How many phonemes does platypus have?


Grammar

Grammar

  • The rules of a language.

  • Syntax: the order of words in a language.

Is this the White House or the House White?


Language acquisition

Language Acquisition

Stages that we learn language…

  • Babbling Stage

  • Holophrastic Stage (one word stage)

  • Telegraphic Speech Stage

  • After the telegraphic stage we get overgeneralization.


How do we learn language

How do we learn language?


Social learning theory

Social Learning Theory

  • B.F. Skinner from the Behaviorist School

  • Baby may imitate a parent.

  • If they are reinforced they keep saying the word.

  • If they are punished, they stop saying the word.


Chomsky s theory nativist theory

Chomsky’s Theory(nativist theory)

  • We learn language too quickly for it to be through reinforcement and punishment.

  • Inborn universal language acquisition device


Whorf s linguistic relativity

Whorf’s Linguistic Relativity

  • The idea that language determines the way we think.

  • The Hopi tribe has no past tense in their language, so Whorf says they rarely think of the past.


Do animals use language

Do animals use language?


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