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TRAFFIC SIGNING for OPTION LANES ON FREEWAYS AND EXPRESSWAYS. PRESENTED TO THE Traffic Control Devices Committee (AHB50) TRB 89 th Annual Meeting Monday, January 11 th , 2010. Scott O. Kuznicki, P.E.

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Traffic signing for option lanes on freeways and expressways

TRAFFIC SIGNINGforOPTION LANESON FREEWAYS AND EXPRESSWAYS

PRESENTED TO THETraffic Control Devices Committee (AHB50)TRB 89th Annual MeetingMonday, January 11th, 2010

Scott O. Kuznicki, P.E.


DISCLAIMERALTHOUGH THE RECOMMENDATION DISPLAYED IN THIS PRESENTATION IS A MATTER OF POLICYFOR MANY PUBLIC AGENCIES,THE VIEWS AND OPINIONS EXPRESSEDIN THIS PRESENTATION ARE THOSEOF THE PRESENTER AND ARENOT INTENDED TO REFLECT THEVIEWS, PREFERENCES, OR POLICIES OFPARSONS BRINCKERHOFF,THE NATIONAL COMMITTEE ONUNIFORM TRAFFIC CONTROL DEVICES,THE TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH BOARD ORANY OF ITS COMMITTEES ORSPONSORING ORGANIZATIONS.


COMMENTS ON THIS PRESENTATION

COMMENT SLIDES WITH TEXT IN THIS YELLOW COLOR WERE NOT ORIGINALLY PROVIDED FOR THE PRESENTATION, BUT ARE INCLUDED FOR THIS WEB VERSION TO FACILITATE UNDERSTANDING IN THE ABSENCE OF THE PRESENTER’S NARRATION.THE PURPOSE OF THIS PRESENTATION IS TO ILLUSTRATE THE VARIOUS SIGNING SCENARIOS FOR OPTION LANE SIGNING IN THE UNITED STATES. FROM THIS MATERIAL, THE READER IS INVITED TO UNDERSTAND THE PRESSING NEED FOR A SINGLE SIGNING SOLUTION FOR OPTION LANES THAT IS EXCLUSIVELY USED FOR OPTION LANES AND IS DIFFERENT FROM SIGNING USED FOR MANDATORY MOVEMENT LANES, YET RETAINS A PROPER UNDERSTANDING OF THE USE OF STANDARD UP AND DOWN ARROWS AND THE ORIENTATION OF SUCH ARROWS.


COMMENTS ON THIS PRESENTATION - GLOSSARY

IN THIS PRESENTATION, TWO TERMS ARE USED THAT MAY APPEAR TO BE INTERCHANGEABLE.“GORE” REFERS TO THE GENERAL AREA BETWEEN THE THEORETICAL GORE AND THE PHYSICAL SEPARATION BETWEEN THE MAINLINE LANES AND EXITING LANE(S). WHEN USED HERE, IT DOES NOT REFER TO ANY SPECIFIC PORTION OR POINT WITHIN THE GORE AREA.“DEPARTURE POINT” IS ANOTHER MEANS OF REFERRING TO THE THEORETICAL GORE, THAT IS, THE UPSTREAM POINT AT WHICH THE SOLID WHITE PAVEMENT MARKINGS FOR THE GORE STRIPING BEGIN TO DIVIDE.




Photo survey location 1
PHOTO SURVEYLOCATION 1




Photo survey location 2
PHOTO SURVEYLOCATION 2







COMMENTS ON COMPARISON OF LOCATIONS 1 & 2

THE SIGNING USED FOR LOCATION 1 IS IDENTICAL TO THE SIGNING USED FOR LOCATION 2, BUT THE GEOMETRICS FOR EACH LOCATION ARE ENTIRELY DIFFERENT.THIS PROBLEM IS ESPECIALLY EVIDENT IN LOCATION 2, WHERE A LACK OF PROPER PAVEMENT MARKING AND THE VERTICAL CURVE COMBINE TO CREATE AN UNREADABLE GEOMETRICS THAT MUST BE SUPPLEMENTED WITH EFFECTIVE SIGNING, LEST MOTORISTS PERCEIVE THE SECOND LANE FROM THE RIGHT AS AN OPTION LANE.HOWEVER, THE USE OF THE WHITE ARROW FOR THE SECOND LANE FROM THE RIGHT WOULD BE ACCEPTABLE IN THE CASE OF LOCATION 1, ASSUMING THAT THE EXIT ONLY PANEL IS USED IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE ARROW OVER THE RIGHT LANE AT THAT LOCATION.


Photo survey location 3
PHOTO SURVEYLOCATION 3







Photo survey location 4
PHOTO SURVEYLOCATION 4





COMMENTS ON THIS PRESENTATION

BASED ON THE SIGNING FROM LOCATION 3, WHAT GEOMETRICS WOULD YOU EXPECT TO SEE HERE AT LOCATION 4?WOULD YOU EXPECT TO SEE TWO MANDATORY MOVEMENT LANES AT THE DEPARTURE POINT?





COMMENTS ON COMPARISON OF LOCATIONS 3 & 4

THE SIGNING FOR LOCATION 3 IS A CORRECT IMPLEMENTATION OF THE DOUBLE EXIT ONLY SIGN INDICATING A MANDATORY MOVEMENT FOR THE RIGHT TWO LANES.MOTORISTS WHO ENCOUNTER THE SIGNING IN LOCATION 4 MAY MAKE ERRATIC MOVEMENTS OUT OF THE MIDDLE LANE WHEN APPROACHING THE DEPARTURE POINT, UNSURE OF THE LANE USE CONTROL AT THE GORE. THE SIGNING FOR LOCATION 4 SHOULD NOT MATCH THE SIGNING FOR LOCATION 3, AS THE GEOMETRY OF THE TWO SITUATIONS IS ENTIRELY DIFFERENT.NOTE THAT THE GEOMETRY OF LOCATION 4 IS IDENTICAL TO THE GEOMETRY OF LOCATION 1 AND THE GEOMETRY OF LOCATION 3 IS IDENTICAL TO THE GEOMETRY OF LOCATION 2.




Many options1
MANY OPTIONS . . .

  • no signing of the option lane in advance or at the goresigning the mandatory lane in advance and at the gore as EXIT ONLY

    • present practice of approximately 15 statesincluding IL, IN, many older installations in other states


Many options2
MANY OPTIONS . . .

  • no signing of the option lane in advance or at the goresigning the mandatory lane in advance and at the gore as EXIT ONLY

  • no signing of the option lane in advancesigning of the option lane as an EXIT ONLY lane at the gore

    • present practice of several states, including WI

    • displayed in the 2009 MUTCD, figure 2E-11


Many options3
MANY OPTIONS . . .

  • no signing of the option lane in advance or at the goresigning the mandatory lane in advance and at the gore as EXIT ONLY

  • no signing of the option lane in advancesigning of the option lane as an EXIT ONLY lane at the gore

  • signing of the option lane as an option lane in advancesigning of the option lane as an EXIT ONLY lane at the gore

    • proposed by the NCUTCD to amend the NPA

    • sporadically implemented in several states, sometimes in conjunction with the method above.


Many options4
MANY OPTIONS . . .

  • no signing of the option lane in advance or at the goresigning the mandatory lane in advance and at the gore as EXIT ONLY

  • no signing of the option lane in advancesigning of the option lane as an EXIT ONLY lane at the gore

  • signing of the option lane as an option lane in advancesigning of the option lane as an EXIT ONLY lane at the gore

  • signing of the option lane as an option lane in advance and at the gore

    • present practice (often documented) of approximately 15 states,including WA, OR, CA, UT, AZ, CO, GA, FL, NC, used in MN, MS, TX


Many options5
MANY OPTIONS . . .

  • no signing of the option lane in advance or at the goresigning the mandatory lane in advance and at the gore as EXIT ONLY

  • no signing of the option lane in advancesigning of the option lane as an EXIT ONLY lane at the gore

  • signing of the option lane as an option lane in advancesigning of the option lane as an EXIT ONLY lane at the gore

  • signing of the option lane as an option lane in advance and at the gore

  • signing of the EXIT ONLY lane as an option lane at the gore

    • inconsistently applied by several states, including KS

    • displayed in the 2009 MUTCD, Figure 2E-12


Many options6
MANY OPTIONS . . .

  • no signing of the option lane in advance or at the goresigning the mandatory lane in advance and at the gore as EXIT ONLY

  • no signing of the option lane in advancesigning of the option lane as an EXIT ONLY lane at the gore

  • signing of the option lane as an option lane in advancesigning of the option lane as an EXIT ONLY lane at the gore

  • signing of the option lane as an option lane in advance and at the gore

  • signing of the EXIT ONLY lane as an option lane at the gore

  • signing of the option lane in advance using two downward-pointing or angled arrows from separate sign panels

    • specifically prohibited in the 2009 MUTCD

    • practice used in extensively in MD, OH, KS and other states


Many options7
MANY OPTIONS . . .

  • no signing of the option lane in advance or at the goresigning the mandatory lane in advance and at the gore as EXIT ONLY

  • no signing of the option lane in advancesigning of the option lane as an EXIT ONLY lane at the gore

  • signing of the option lane as an option lane in advancesigning of the option lane as an EXIT ONLY lane at the gore

  • signing of the option lane as an option lane in advance and at the gore

  • signing of the EXIT ONLY lane as an option lane at the gore

  • signing of the option lane in advance using two downward-pointing or angled arrows from separate sign panels

  • signing of the option lane using the new method in the 2009 MUTCD

    • experimental in a few states, including WI


Many options8
MANY OPTIONS . . .

  • no signing of the option lane in advance or at the goresigning the mandatory lane in advance and at the gore as EXIT ONLY

  • no signing of the option lane in advancesigning of the option lane as an EXIT ONLY lane at the gore

  • signing of the option lane as an option lane in advancesigning of the option lane as an EXIT ONLY lane at the gore

  • signing of the option lane as an option lane in advance and at the gore

  • signing of the EXIT ONLY lane as an option lane at the gore

  • signing of the option lane in advance using two downward-pointing or angled arrows from separate sign panels

  • signing of the option lane using the new method in the 2009 MUTCD

THREE OF THE METHODS ABOVE ARE DISPLAYED IN THE2009 MUTCD, YET NONE OF THE 2009 MUTCD OPTIONSREFLECT A CONSISTENT PRACTICE


COMMENTS ON THE MANY OPTIONS BEING USED

THERE ARE THREE PROBLEMS IN PRACTICE TODAY.

  • THE USE OF THE IDENTICAL SIGNING SCENARIOS AT LOCATIONS WITH DIFFERING GEOMETRICS.

  • THE USE OF DIFFERENT SIGNING SCENARIOS AT LOCATIONS WITH IDENTICAL GEOMETRICS.

  • THE USE OF UPSTREAM SIGNING THAT PRESENTS A DIFFERENT MESSAGE THAN THE DOWNSTREAM SIGNING ALONG A SEGMENT WITH A CONSISTENT CROSS SECTION, SUCH THAT THE LANE ASSIGNMENTS ALONG THE SEGMENT AND AT THE DEPARTURE POINT ARE NOT CLEARLY IDENTIFIED OR ARE IDENTIFIED IN DIFFERENT WAYS.






COMMENTS ON FIGURES 2E-11 AND 2E-12

NOTE THAT FIGURE 2E-12 SHOWS AN IMPLEMENTATION OF SIGNING THAT IS IDENTICAL TO THE SIGNING SHOWN IN LOCATION 1 AND LOCATION 2 OF THE PHOTO SURVEY.THERE IS NO DIFFERENCE IN THE DEPARTURE POINT GEOMETRY BETWEEN FIGURES 2E-11 AND 2E-12. THE SIGNING FOR EACH FIGURE, REGARDLESS OF THE UPSTREAM LANE CONFIGURATION, SHOULD BE IDENTICAL. NEITHER SIGNING SCENARIO SHOWN, HOWEVER, SATISFIES A CLEAR REPRESENTATION OF THE DEPARTURE POINT GEOMETRY. THE FOLLOWING FIGURE (2E-4) DISPLAYS A NEW METHOD FOR SIGNING OPTION LANES. ITS EFFECTIVENESS COMPARED TO A MODIFICATION OF FIGURE 2E-12 HAS NOT BEEN CLEARLY DEMONSTRATED.





COMMENTS ON FIGURES 2E-10 AND 2E-14

FOR THE PURPOSE OF THIS PRESENTATION, MAJOR SPLITS WITH OPTION LANES WILL BE TREATED NO DIFFERENTLY THAN OPTION LANES AT SERVICE INTERCHANGES (FIGURES 2E-11 AND 2E-12). IN PRACTICE, THE MAJOR SPLIT IS LIKELY TO REQUIRE PULL-THROUGH SIGNING.WHILE FIGURES 2E-11 AND 2E-12 USE DIFFERENT SIGNING FOR THE SAME GEOMETRY, FIGURES 2E-10 AND 2E-14 USE IDENTICAL SIGNING FOR DIFFERENT GEOMETRIC CONFIGURATIONS.FOR MAJOR SPLITS, THE SIGNING AT THE DEPARTURE POINT NEEDS TO CLEARLY REFLECT THE PRESENCE OF AN OPTION LANE. THIS DIFFERENCE IS NOT EVIDENT WHEN COMPARING THE SIGNING PRESENTED IN FIGURES 2E-10 AND 2E-14.


THE PRACTITIONER WILL BE FAR TOO EASILY CONFUSED BY THE MYRIAD OPTIONS FOR SIMILAR GEOMETRICS.

WE MUST THEN EXPECT EVEN MORE CONFUSION ON THE PART OF THE MOTORING PUBLIC.

RESEARCH IS NEEDED TO IDENTIFY A SINGLE BEST OPTION FOR SIGNING OPTION LANES.


COMMENTS ON THE RECOMMENDATION MYRIAD OPTIONS FOR SIMILAR GEOMETRICS.

THE FOLLOWING FIGURE ILLUSTRATES A RECOMMENDATION MADE TO FHWA BY THE NATIONAL COMMITTEE ON UNIFORM TRAFFIC CONTROL DEVICES, INCLUDED IN THE NCUTCD OFFICIAL COMMENTS TO THE FHWA ON THE MANUAL ON UNIFORM TRAFFIC CONTROL DEVICES NOTICE OF PROPOSED AMENDMENT, ISSUED IN 2008.THE RED CIRCLES INCLUDED ON THE SIGNING ARE INTENDED TO DRAW THE READER’S ATTENTION TO THE USE OF TWO DIFFERENT INDICATIONS OF LANE USE CONTROL, ONE IN ADVANCE AND THE OTHER AT THE DEPARTURE POINT.


2009 mutcd figures ncutcd recommendation from june 2008
2009 MUTCD FIGURES – NCUTCD RECOMMENDATION from June 2008 MYRIAD OPTIONS FOR SIMILAR GEOMETRICS.


2009 mutcd figures ncutcd recommendation from june 20081
2009 MUTCD FIGURES – NCUTCD RECOMMENDATION from June 2008 MYRIAD OPTIONS FOR SIMILAR GEOMETRICS.


2009 mutcd figures ncutcd recommendation from june 20082
2009 MUTCD FIGURES – NCUTCD RECOMMENDATION from June 2008 MYRIAD OPTIONS FOR SIMILAR GEOMETRICS.


COMMENTS ON THE RECOMMENDATION MYRIAD OPTIONS FOR SIMILAR GEOMETRICS.

THIS FIGURE IS ESSENTIALLY A MODIFICATION OF FIGURE 2E-12, IN THAT EXIT ONLY SIGNING HAS BEEN ADDED TO THE RIGHT-MOST LANE AND INCLUDED FOR BOTH LANES AT THE DEPARTURE POINT.THE ADVANCE SIGNING SHOWN IN THIS FIGURE CLEARLY AND CORRECTLY DEPICTS THAT THE SECOND LANE FROM THE RIGHT IS NOT A MANDATORY MOVEMENT LANE. HOWEVER, THE SIGNING AT THE GORE DEPICTS THAT THERE ARE TWO MANDATORY MOVEMENT LANES. THIS COULD BE MISINTERPRETED FROM A DISTANCE, AS WAS ILLUSTRATED IN PHOTO SURVEY LOCATION 4.THIS RECOMMENDATION DOES NOT ADDRESS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A DOUBLE MANDATORY EXITING LANES CONFIGURATION (SLIDES 3 & 55, DEPICTION A4) AND AN OPTION LANE CONFIGURATION (DEPICTION A3).


Four geometric design options
FOUR GEOMETRIC DESIGN OPTIONS . . . MYRIAD OPTIONS FOR SIMILAR GEOMETRICS.


FOUR GEOMETRIC DESIGN OPTIONS . . . MYRIAD OPTIONS FOR SIMILAR GEOMETRICS.

RECALL . . . THE THREE PROBLEMS IN PRACTICE TODAY.

  • THE USE OF THE IDENTICAL SIGNING SCENARIOS AT LOCATIONS WITH DIFFERING GEOMETRICS.

  • THE USE OF DIFFERENT SIGNING SCENARIOS AT LOCATIONS WITH IDENTICAL GEOMETRICS.

  • THE USE OF UPSTREAM SIGNING THAT PRESENTS A DIFFERENT MESSAGE THAN THE DOWNSTREAM SIGNING ALONG A SEGMENT WITH A CONSISTENT CROSS-SECTION, SUCH THAT THE LANE ASSIGNMENTS ALONG THE SEGMENT AND AT THE DEPARTURE POINT ARE NOT CLEARLY IDENTIFIED OR ARE IDENTIFIED IN DIFFERENT WAYS.


Four geometric design options four exclusive signing scenarios
FOUR GEOMETRIC DESIGN OPTIONS . . . MYRIAD OPTIONS FOR SIMILAR GEOMETRICS.FOUR EXCLUSIVE SIGNING SCENARIOS


COMMENTS ON EXCLUSIVE USE OF SPECIFIC SIGNS MYRIAD OPTIONS FOR SIMILAR GEOMETRICS.

ONE CHANGE CAN BE MADE TO THE GORE SIGN FROM THE NCUTCD RECOMMENDATION TO PROVIDE A UNIFORM METHOD OF SIGNING THE OPTION LANE FOR ANY GEOMETRY THAT EMPLOYS OPTION LANES.THE SIGN ILLUSTRATED ON THE FOLLOWING SLIDES, IF USED IN THE LOCATION SHOWN, COULD BE USED IN CONJUCTION WITH A PULL-THROUGH SIGN. THE PULL THROUGH SIGN COULD FEATURE NO DOWNWARD-POINTING ARROWS OR COULD FEATURE ONE DOWNWARD-POINTING ARROW FOR EACH LANE, WITHOUT CONFLICTING WITH THE ARROWS OVER THE LANES ON THE RAMP, AS THE LOCATION OF THE SIGN IS AT THE THEORETICAL GORE AND SEPARATED FROM THE MAINLINE.THE DESIGN OF THE SIGN PERMITS EACH ARROW TO BE CENTERED OVER THE LANE DIRECTED BY THE ARROW.


2009 mutcd figures ncutcd recommendation from june 20083
2009 MUTCD FIGURES – NCUTCD RECOMMENDATION from June 2008 MYRIAD OPTIONS FOR SIMILAR GEOMETRICS.


Practice based option lane recommendation
PRACTICE-BASED OPTION LANE RECOMMENDATION MYRIAD OPTIONS FOR SIMILAR GEOMETRICS.


Practice based option lane recommendation1
PRACTICE-BASED OPTION LANE RECOMMENDATION MYRIAD OPTIONS FOR SIMILAR GEOMETRICS.


Practice based option lane recommendation2
PRACTICE-BASED OPTION LANE RECOMMENDATION MYRIAD OPTIONS FOR SIMILAR GEOMETRICS.


Exclusive use of specific signs worldwide
EXCLUSIVE USE OF SPECIFIC SIGNS . . . WORLDWIDE MYRIAD OPTIONS FOR SIMILAR GEOMETRICS.


Questions comments please contact scott o kuznicki p e trb@midwestroads com
QUESTIONS? MYRIAD OPTIONS FOR SIMILAR GEOMETRICS.COMMENTS?PLEASE CONTACTScott O. Kuznicki, [email protected]


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