Lecture 7 3 residential lands
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 23

Lecture 7.3: Residential Lands PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 123 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Lecture 7.3: Residential Lands. Chapter 10. The American Dream. Urban Sprawl. Urban Sprawl: Causes & Effects. (1) Automobiles and Highway Construction (2) Living Costs (3) Urban Blight (4) Government Policies. (1) Automobiles and Highway Construction.

Download Presentation

Lecture 7.3: Residential Lands

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Lecture 7 3 residential lands

Lecture 7.3: Residential Lands

Chapter 10


Lecture 7 3 residential lands

  • The American Dream


Urban sprawl

Urban Sprawl


Urban sprawl causes effects

Urban Sprawl: Causes & Effects

  • (1) Automobiles and Highway Construction

  • (2) Living Costs

  • (3) Urban Blight

  • (4) Government Policies


1 automobiles and highway construction

(1) Automobiles and Highway Construction

  • 1950’s: the Interstate Highway System

  • Commuting

  • Work in the city and live in the suburbs

  • Best of both worlds!


2 living costs

(2) Living Costs

  • The American Dream

  • More Land

  • Larger House

  • Privacy

  • Lower taxes

  • Overall, higher standard of living

  • Excludes low income families


3 urban blight

(3) Urban Blight

  • The degradation of the built and social environments of the city that often accompanies the accelerated migration to the suburbs

  • A positive feedback loop


3 urban blight1

(3) Urban Blight

  • People leaving cities

  • Shrinking tax revenues

  • City still must provide: police, fire, trash, sewage, public transportation, and social services

  • Cities reduce services

  • Crime increases

  • Infrastructure deteriorates

  • Built environment declines


3 urban blight2

(3) Urban Blight

  • Suburban office parks

  • Suburb to suburb commuting

  • Can’t provide public transportation b/c too spread out

  • Commute around cities instead of through them

  • No need to go to the stores in a city


3 urban blight3

(3) Urban Blight

  • Contributed to Racial Segregation

  • “White Flight”

  • Generated a disparity of opportunity

  • Suburban Property tax revenues allow for better schools

  • Example: Busing in Boston 1974


4 government policies

(4) Government Policies

  • Highway Trust Fund

    • Highway Revenue Act 1956

      • Federal gasoline tax to fund road construction/maintenance

    • Induced Demand

  • Who can Explain this Positive Feedback mechanism?


4 government policies1

(4) Government Policies

  • Zoning

  • Restrict land use to specific areas: residential, industrial, commercial

  • In the suburbs, where the traditional “Main Street?”

  •  new tool: multi-use zoning


4 government policies2

(4) Government Policies

  • FHA (1930’s)

  • Federally Subsidized Mortgages

  • Only wrote them in the financially low-risk areas


Smart growth

Smart Growth

  • Development of sustainable, healthy communities


Smart growth1

Smart Growth

  • Transit Oriented development

  • Portland, OR

  • Infill

  • Urban Growth Boundaries


Lecture 7 3 residential lands

Foster distinctive, attractive communities with a strong sense of place


  • Login