Chapter 21 section 4 the progressive presidents
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Chapter 21, Section 4 “ The Progressive Presidents ”. Teddy Roosevelt’s Square Deal. Square Deal – a nickname for Pres. Roosevelt’s policies that attempted to balance the interests of businesspeople, laborers, and consumers

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Chapter 21, Section 4 “ The Progressive Presidents ”

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Chapter 21 section 4 the progressive presidents

Chapter 21, Section 4“The Progressive Presidents”


Teddy roosevelt s square deal

Teddy Roosevelt’s Square Deal

  • Square Deal – a nickname for Pres. Roosevelt’s policies that attempted to balance the interests of businesspeople, laborers, and consumers

    • 1902 Coal Miners Strike – he threatened to take over the mines unless managers and strikers agreed to arbitration (first time govt. intervened in a strike and didn’t side with business)

    • First president to successfully use the Sherman Anti-trust Act to break up monopolies and trusts

    • TR supported laws regulating businesses

      • 1903 Elkins Act authorized the Interstate Commerce Commission to impose heavy fines on railroads that offered rebates, and upon the shippers that accepted these rebates

      • 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act


The jungle

“The Jungle”

  • Muckrakers helped build support for President Roosevelt’s efforts to regulate big business

  • Upton Sinclair’s novel “The Jungle” published in early 1906 about immigrants working in a meat-packing plant shocked the nation with its description of unhealthy practices there

  • Pure Food and Drug Act – law passed by Congress in 1906 that prohibited the manufacture, sale, and transport of mislabeled or contaminated food and drugs

  • Meat Inspection Act – law passed by Congress in 1906 that authorized the Dept. of Agriculture to inspect and condemn any meat product found unfit for human consumption


Roosevelt conservation

Roosevelt & Conservation

  • T.R. was very worried about the loss of natural resources

  • Preserved more than 200 million acres

    • Wildlife refuges

    • National parks

    • Protected the Grand Canyon in Arizona


Presidency of william howard taft

Presidency of William Howard Taft

  • Taft won the presidency in 1908, promising continued Progressive reforms

  • As president, Taft upset Progressives by not aggressively pursuing reforms

  • Taft passed the Payne-Aldrich Tariff of 1909

    • Roosevelt and Progressives furious with Taft

      • Reduced tariffs on some imports, but raised others.

      • Progressives wanted all to be lowered.


Election of 1912

Election of 1912

  • Roosevelt decides to run again for President.

  • Taft wins the Republican nomination

  • Teddy decides to form the Bull Moose Party- “he was as strong as a Bull Moose”

  • Taft and Roosevelt split votes. Dem. Wilson Wins


Chapter 21 section 4 the progressive presidents

Presidential Election of 1912


Woodrow wilson s reforms

Woodrow Wilson’s Reforms

  • In his inaugural address, focused on the social well-being of working-class Americans.

  • Underwood Tariff Act of 1913, lowered tariffs, and introduced income tax.

  • 16th Amendment – Allows federal government to impose direct taxes on citizens’ income.

  • 1913 Federal Reserve Act – national banking system to regulate the economy.


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