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# SOME DIFFERENT TALA PowerPoint PPT Presentation

SOME DIFFERENT TALA. Teental = 16 (4 + 4 + 4 + 4) [most common] Keharwa Tal = 8 (4 + 4) Adi Tal = 8 (4+2+2) Adachautal = 14 (2+4+4+4) Dadra tal = 6 (3 + 3) Ektal = 12 (2+2+2+2+2+2) Jhaptal = 10 (2+3+2+3) Sultal = 10 (2+2+2+2+2) Rupak Tal = 7 (3+2+2). COUNTING TALA.

SOME DIFFERENT TALA

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### SOME DIFFERENT TALA

• Teental = 16 (4 + 4 + 4 + 4) [most common]

Keharwa Tal = 8 (4 + 4)

• Adi Tal = 8 (4+2+2)

• Dadra tal = 6 (3 + 3)

• Ektal = 12 (2+2+2+2+2+2)

• Jhaptal = 10 (2+3+2+3)

• Sultal = 10 (2+2+2+2+2)

• Rupak Tal = 7 (3+2+2)

### COUNTING TALA

• Not all Matra (beats) are equal

• 1st beat of cycle [most important] (SAM)

• Not all Vibhag (measures) are equal

• Tali (clap) = strong beginning to Vibhag

• Khali (wave) = weak beginning to Vibhag

• Remainder of Matra in Vibhag counted on fingers (begin w/ little finger)

### COUNTING TEENTAL

• CLAP 2 3 4

• CLAP 2 3 4

• WAVE 2 3 4

• CLAP 2 3 4

• Ex. Tabla lesson - Teen taal – YouTube

### History, Religion & Culture

• Harrapnam (NW India & Pakastan) 2500 BCE

• Aryan Nomads (from North) push South- non-literate (oral tradition)- threatened by native dialects

• Develop Rig-Veda (in praise of God)- necessary to intone precisely- development of performer-priests (Brahmin)- Natyasastra - treatise on how to intone

• Muslim invaders (from NW) push into India- divides India into two musical styles

### Learning & Playing Tabla

• Taught by rote (no written music used)

• Variety of strokes - area of drum head struck- finger(s) used- manner of stroke

• Taught Mnenomically with “Bols”

• Ex.: Dha, Din, Ga, Ta, Na, Ti, Ka, Tin, Tu, etc.

• Tabla Basic Bols - YouTube

### Web & Video Examples of Tala

• Website: Basic Technique of Tabla

• YouTube - Zakir Hussain lecture and demonstration of tabla

• YouTube - 1.Tabla Basics - Basic sound 'Na‘

• YouTube - 2.Tabla Basics - Basic sound 'Tha‘

• YouTube - 3.Tabla Basics - Basic sound 'Thun'

• YouTube - 4.Tabla Basics - Basic sound 'Thi'

• YouTube - 5.Tabla Basics - Basic sound 'ghe'

### David Courtney Videos

• YouTube - Introduction to the Tabla - Part 2- Parts and Tuning

• YouTube - Introduction to the Tabla - Part 3 - Sitting & Hand Position

### Learning Music in India

• Master / pupil (one-to-one relationship)

• Emphasis on Rote learning / perfection of technique

• Master (South = Guru)

• Reflects history of India

### Master Teacher / Pupil Learning

• sitar playing and teaching destagir khan – YouTube

• George Harrison - sitar lesson with Ravi Shankar – YouTube

• Pandit Divyang Vakil ( guruji ) teaching Tabla to senior students (Talavya artists) - YouTube

### History, Religion & Culture

• Harrapnam (NW India & Pakistan) 2500 BCE

• Aryan Nomads (from North) push South- non-literate (oral tradition)- threatened by native dialects

• Develop Rig-Veda (in praise of God)- necessary to intone precisely- development of performer-priests (Brahmin)- Natyasastra – treatise on how to intone

• Muslim invaders (from NW) push into India- divides India into two musical styles

### India & SW Asia

Aryans

Muslim

Hindustani

Carnatic/Karnatak

### The North

• But influenced by Islamic values

• Music as sensual pleasure (dangerous)

• Low status of musicians

• Guilds & professionalization

• oral transmission (secrecy)

• Tansen – court musician of North