Some different tala
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SOME DIFFERENT TALA PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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SOME DIFFERENT TALA. Teental = 16 (4 + 4 + 4 + 4) [most common] Keharwa Tal = 8 (4 + 4) Adi Tal = 8 (4+2+2) Adachautal = 14 (2+4+4+4) Dadra tal = 6 (3 + 3) Ektal = 12 (2+2+2+2+2+2) Jhaptal = 10 (2+3+2+3) Sultal = 10 (2+2+2+2+2) Rupak Tal = 7 (3+2+2). COUNTING TALA.

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SOME DIFFERENT TALA

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Some different tala

SOME DIFFERENT TALA

  • Teental = 16 (4 + 4 + 4 + 4) [most common]

    Keharwa Tal = 8 (4 + 4)

  • Adi Tal = 8 (4+2+2)

  • Adachautal = 14 (2+4+4+4)

  • Dadra tal = 6 (3 + 3)

  • Ektal = 12 (2+2+2+2+2+2)

  • Jhaptal = 10 (2+3+2+3)

  • Sultal = 10 (2+2+2+2+2)

  • Rupak Tal = 7 (3+2+2)


Counting tala

COUNTING TALA

  • Not all Matra (beats) are equal

  • 1st beat of cycle [most important] (SAM)

  • Not all Vibhag (measures) are equal

  • Tali (clap) = strong beginning to Vibhag

  • Khali (wave) = weak beginning to Vibhag

  • Remainder of Matra in Vibhag counted on fingers (begin w/ little finger)


Counting teental

COUNTING TEENTAL

  • CLAP 2 3 4

  • CLAP 2 3 4

  • WAVE 2 3 4

  • CLAP 2 3 4

  • Ex. Tabla lesson - Teen taal – YouTube

  • Ex.Ustad Zakir Hussain -- Vintage Teental Solo - YouTube


History religion culture

History, Religion & Culture

  • Harrapnam (NW India & Pakastan) 2500 BCE

  • Aryan Nomads (from North) push South- non-literate (oral tradition)- threatened by native dialects

  • Develop Rig-Veda (in praise of God)- necessary to intone precisely- development of performer-priests (Brahmin)- Natyasastra - treatise on how to intone

  • Muslim invaders (from NW) push into India- divides India into two musical styles


Learning playing tabla

Learning & Playing Tabla

  • Taught by rote (no written music used)

  • Variety of strokes - area of drum head struck- finger(s) used- manner of stroke

  • Taught Mnenomically with “Bols”

  • Ex.: Dha, Din, Ga, Ta, Na, Ti, Ka, Tin, Tu, etc.

  • Tabla Basic Bols - YouTube


Web video examples of tala

Web & Video Examples of Tala

  • Website: Basic Technique of Tabla

  • YouTube - Zakir Hussain lecture and demonstration of tabla

  • YouTube - 1.Tabla Basics - Basic sound 'Na‘

  • YouTube - 2.Tabla Basics - Basic sound 'Tha‘

  • YouTube - 3.Tabla Basics - Basic sound 'Thun'

  • YouTube - 4.Tabla Basics - Basic sound 'Thi'

  • YouTube - 5.Tabla Basics - Basic sound 'ghe'

  • YouTube - Ustad Zakir Hussain -- Vintage Teental Solo


David courtney videos

David Courtney Videos

  • YouTube - Introduction to the Tabla - Part 1 - Bol and Gharana (skip to about 1:25 to begin)

  • YouTube - Introduction to the Tabla - Part 2- Parts and Tuning

  • YouTube - Introduction to the Tabla - Part 3 - Sitting & Hand Position


Learning music in india

Learning Music in India

  • Master / pupil (one-to-one relationship)

  • Emphasis on Rote learning / perfection of technique

  • Master (North = Ustad)

  • Master (South = Guru)

  • Reflects history of India


Master teacher pupil learning

Master Teacher / Pupil Learning

  • sitar playing and teaching destagir khan – YouTube

  • George Harrison - sitar lesson with Ravi Shankar – YouTube

  • Pandit Divyang Vakil ( guruji ) teaching Tabla to senior students (Talavya artists) - YouTube


History religion culture1

History, Religion & Culture

  • Harrapnam (NW India & Pakistan) 2500 BCE

  • Aryan Nomads (from North) push South- non-literate (oral tradition)- threatened by native dialects

  • Develop Rig-Veda (in praise of God)- necessary to intone precisely- development of performer-priests (Brahmin)- Natyasastra – treatise on how to intone

  • Muslim invaders (from NW) push into India- divides India into two musical styles


India sw asia

India & SW Asia

Aryans

Muslim

Hindustani

Carnatic/Karnatak


The north

The North

  • Hindustani – Northern tradition

  • But influenced by Islamic values

  • Music as sensual pleasure (dangerous)

  • Low status of musicians

  • Guilds & professionalization

  • oral transmission (secrecy)

  • Master (Ustad)

  • Tansen – court musician of North


Mian tansen 1506 1589

Mian Tansen (1506-1589)


Tomb of tansen

Tomb of Tansen


The south

The South

Karnatak/Carnatic – Southern tradition

Traditional Hindu values

Association w/ Rig-Veda- high status of musicians- vocal music most highly valued

No secrecy = written composition

Master (Guru)

Tayagaraja (amateur)


Kakarla tyagaraja 1767 1847

KakarlaTyagaraja (1767-1847)


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