Planting the seeds of absolutism
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Planting the seeds of Absolutism. In F rance. France – 1600’s. Situation is NOT good Poor harvests Terrible economy Religious tension Social unrest Political stability desperately wanted. 1589 – Henry IV comes to Power. Converted to Catholicism to end Civil War Issued Edict of Nantes

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France 1600 s
France – 1600’s

  • Situation is NOT good

    • Poor harvests

    • Terrible economy

    • Religious tension

    • Social unrest

    • Political stability desperately wanted


1589 henry iv comes to power
1589 – Henry IV comes to Power

  • Converted to Catholicism to end Civil War

  • Issued

  • Edict of Nantes

    • Freedom of worship

    • Protestants have same rights as Catholics


Henry iv was a popular king
Henry IV was a popular king

  • Ended religious civil war

  • Built a strong army

  • Rebuilt / built French infrastructure

  • Encouraged new business

    • BUT:

  • Was assassinated in 1610


Louis xiii inherits the throne
Louis XIII inherits the throne

  • Son of Henry IV

  • Ten years old

  • Cardinal Richelieu rules France


Richelieu becomes chief minister 1628
Richelieu becomes chief minister 1628

  • Has goal:

    • Centralize the power

    • Weaken the Hapsburgs


Richelieu took power from the nobility
Richelieu took power from the nobility

  • Divided France into 32 regions

    • Each governed by an Intendant

    • Appointed by the king

      • Owes allegiance to the King

    • Prevented corruption

    • Weakened the nobility

    • King gained power


Richelieu faced challenges
Richelieu faced challenges

  • Financial

    • Could not tax the nobility

    • Foreign policy

      • Surrounded by the enemy

        • The Hapsburgs



Mazarin acts as regent
Mazarin acts as regent

  • Succeeded Richelieu

  • Added territory

    to France

  • Failed to control

    nobility

    • Civil War –

      • The Fronde


Mazarin dies1661 louis xiv on his own
Mazarin dies1661, Louis XIV on his own

  • Louis was 23

  • Believed in

    Divine Right of Kings

  • Strong gov’t was #1 goal

  • Controlled the nobility with velvet glove

  • For the next 54 years

  • Louis XIV in 1661


Versailles many purposes
Versailles – many purposes

  • Center of the government

  • To impress those

    who came

  • To keep nobility in check


Louis xiv believed in his divine r ight to rule
Louis XIV believed in his Divine Right to rule

  • Duty to defend “The Faith”

  • Repealed the Edict of Nantes

    • Thousands of Huguenots fled France


Colbert minister of finance
Colbert – Minister of Finance

  • Mercantilism

  • Used the intendant system

  • Reformed the tax system

  • Encouraged colonization

  • Expanded the navy

  • Created industry


Louis xiv on the battlefield
Louis XIV on the Battlefield

  • Spent HUGE amounts of money on the military

  • Largest standing army Europe had EVER seen

  • Taxed the people to pay for it

  • Expanded the French borders


L etat c est moi
L’etat, c’estmoi”

The Sun King

  • It was the Golden Age of France

  • Art, music, fashion, culture

  • Redefined the modern military

  • BUT

  • Bankrupt the country


Compare and contrast
Compare and contrast:

  • The Monarchs of Spain and France

  • How were they different? How were they alike?

  • Consider:

  • Rise to power

  • Accomplishments

  • Challenges

  • Attitude toward religion

  • Foreign policy

  • Positive or negative impact on the country

  • Etc. etc. etc.


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