planting the seeds of absolutism
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Planting the seeds of Absolutism. In F rance. France – 1600’s. Situation is NOT good Poor harvests Terrible economy Religious tension Social unrest Political stability desperately wanted. 1589 – Henry IV comes to Power. Converted to Catholicism to end Civil War Issued Edict of Nantes

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france 1600 s
France – 1600’s
  • Situation is NOT good
    • Poor harvests
    • Terrible economy
    • Religious tension
    • Social unrest
    • Political stability desperately wanted
1589 henry iv comes to power
1589 – Henry IV comes to Power
  • Converted to Catholicism to end Civil War
  • Issued
  • Edict of Nantes
    • Freedom of worship
    • Protestants have same rights as Catholics
henry iv was a popular king
Henry IV was a popular king
  • Ended religious civil war
  • Built a strong army
  • Rebuilt / built French infrastructure
  • Encouraged new business
    • BUT:
  • Was assassinated in 1610
louis xiii inherits the throne
Louis XIII inherits the throne
  • Son of Henry IV
  • Ten years old
  • Cardinal Richelieu rules France
richelieu becomes chief minister 1628
Richelieu becomes chief minister 1628
  • Has goal:
    • Centralize the power
    • Weaken the Hapsburgs
richelieu took power from the nobility
Richelieu took power from the nobility
  • Divided France into 32 regions
    • Each governed by an Intendant
    • Appointed by the king
      • Owes allegiance to the King
    • Prevented corruption
    • Weakened the nobility
    • King gained power
richelieu faced challenges
Richelieu faced challenges
  • Financial
    • Could not tax the nobility
    • Foreign policy
            • Surrounded by the enemy
              • The Hapsburgs
mazarin acts as regent
Mazarin acts as regent
  • Succeeded Richelieu
  • Added territory

to France

  • Failed to control

nobility

    • Civil War –
        • The Fronde
mazarin dies1661 louis xiv on his own
Mazarin dies1661, Louis XIV on his own
  • Louis was 23
  • Believed in

Divine Right of Kings

  • Strong gov’t was #1 goal
  • Controlled the nobility with velvet glove
  • For the next 54 years
  • Louis XIV in 1661
versailles many purposes
Versailles – many purposes
  • Center of the government
  • To impress those

who came

  • To keep nobility in check
louis xiv believed in his divine r ight to rule
Louis XIV believed in his Divine Right to rule
  • Duty to defend “The Faith”
  • Repealed the Edict of Nantes
    • Thousands of Huguenots fled France
colbert minister of finance
Colbert – Minister of Finance
  • Mercantilism
  • Used the intendant system
  • Reformed the tax system
  • Encouraged colonization
  • Expanded the navy
  • Created industry
louis xiv on the battlefield
Louis XIV on the Battlefield
  • Spent HUGE amounts of money on the military
  • Largest standing army Europe had EVER seen
  • Taxed the people to pay for it
  • Expanded the French borders
l etat c est moi
“L’etat, c’estmoi”

The Sun King

  • It was the Golden Age of France
  • Art, music, fashion, culture
  • Redefined the modern military
  • BUT
  • Bankrupt the country
compare and contrast
Compare and contrast:
  • The Monarchs of Spain and France
  • How were they different? How were they alike?
  • Consider:
  • Rise to power
  • Accomplishments
  • Challenges
  • Attitude toward religion
  • Foreign policy
  • Positive or negative impact on the country
  • Etc. etc. etc.
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