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Millennium Development Goals: Country Report Presentation To Commission for Gender Equality Pali Lehohla Statistician-General South Africa 06 September 2010. Process of MDGs Outcomes on each of the goals. Outline. Outline. Introduction The Role of Statistics South Africa

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Millennium Development Goals: Country Report



Commission for Gender Equality

Pali Lehohla

Statistician-General South Africa06 September 2010

Process of MDGs

Outcomes on each of the goals



  • Introduction
  • The Role of Statistics South Africa
  • Approach to 2010 MDG process
  • Planned MDG Process
    • Essential Preliminaries
    • MDG Design (Methodology Workshop)
    • Data Quality Assessment
    • Sector Reports
    • Production of the MDGR
    • MDGR Validation
    • MDGR Ratification
    • MDGR Dissemination

Millennium Declaration

  • In September 2000, the world’s leaders signed the Millennium Declaration at the Millennium Summit
  • The Millennium Declaration promotes basic human rights such as the right to education, health, water, security, and shelter
  • Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), act as guidelines and indicators for measuring levels of development
  • Reference period for MDGs 1990 - 2015
  • For South Africa, start of reference period is 1994










  • Characteristics of MDGs:
    • Time-bound goals
    • Quantifiable targets
    • Internationally agreed upon indicators

The Millennium Development Goals

Goal 3: Promote gender equity and empower women

Goal 4: Reduce child mortality

Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education

  • Up to January 2008 there were 8 goals, 18 targets and 48 indicators;
  • There are now 8 goals, 20 targets and 60 indicators

Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability

Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development

Goal 5: Improve maternal health

mdg process
MDG Process



MDG updates


First MDG



Department of



Statistics South


Focal Point

Production Coordinator

Submitted Baseline Report


finalized by




MDGR 2005 Shadow Report

  • MDG Updates:
  • Credibility (2007, 2008)
  • CSO participation
  • Complaints raised:
role of stats sa
Role of Stats SA

The coordination of the MDG process

Ensure access to data needed to populate indicators

Ensure coordination of international partners (UNDP, UNICEF)

The coordinator of the National Statistics System (NSS)

To counter perception of MDGR being government report

Stats SA to be apolitical  neutrality ensured

Transparency in choice of data sources

Coordinate suppliers of data

Quality assess data sources, produce Quality Statement on each

Engage civil society organisations (CSOs)

Managing the MDG project

Serving as the secretariat to the MDGR 2010


Approach to 2010 MDG process

  • Stats SA to ensure that the following are achieved:
  • Communication of MDGR activities to all stakeholders
  • Make MDG relevant to South Africa via –
    • National Methodology Workshop
    • Domesticating indicators and setting targets
  • Provincial MDG workshops
  • Establishment of MDG Working Committees
    • Sectoral Working Groups
    • National Coordinating Committee
  • ToRs for the committees to guide their function and responsibilities
  • Appointment of service providerstoserveasthe Report Drafting Team)
essential preliminaries
Essential Preliminaries
  • Drafting Terms of Reference that will constitute the operational strategy for the MDGR
  • Establishment of the committees
  • Drafted memorandum to the Minister of Planning in the Presidency (Minister Trevor Manuel)
  • Drafted a concept paper on the MDGs


The committees are as follows:






  • Steer the MDGs preparation process at a national level
  • Provide the overall policy direction on the 2009-2010 MDGs progress report





  • ensure the credibility of the data
  • facilitate the domestication of the targets and indicators to the South African context
  • prepare the various drafts and final sector reports
  • ensure that stakeholder views are integrated into a final sector draft(s)
memorandum to the minister
Memorandum to the Minister

The Memorandum consists of:

  • Background to the MDGR
  • Informing the Minister of Stats SA’s role as lead department in the coordination of the MDGR 2010
  • The Structure of the MDGR 2010 process i.e. the constitution and responsibilities of the various committees
  • Timeframes and key deliverables
concept paper
Concept Paper

The MDG Concept Paper provides a pragmatic tangible substance to the MDGR process.

  • The concept paper outlines the following fundamentals such as:
  • The Governance Structure of the MDGs
  • The Goals and Objectives of the MDGR for 2010
  • High level MDG processes
  • MDGR process map and timeframes
  • Examples of reporting templates for indicators
national coordinating committee
National Coordinating Committee
  • Terms of Reference for the NCC provides a critical arm in the Governance process of the MDGR.
  • The NCC will constitute the following:
    • NCC to be chaired by the Statistician General;
    • UN Resident Coordinator;
    • Three top level representatives of Government (DDG) from the
      • Department of Health,
      • Department of Social Development, and
      • Stats SA and Civil Society
sectoral working groups
Sectoral Working Groups
  • The SWGs will be responsible for the preparation of the Sectoral Reports in line with the MDG grouping of goals and processes.
  • The membership of the SWG will be as follows:
    • Chair of each sectoral group to be a member of the TWC
    • Representatives from the public sector
    • Representatives from the CSO/academia
    • Representatives from Private and Development Partners
sectoral working groups1
Sectoral Working Groups

The sectoral working groups will consist of:

Group 1: Poverty and Hunger

Group 2: Education and Gender

Group 3: Child and Maternal Health

Group 4: HIV/AIDS. Malaria and other Diseases

Group 5: Environmental sustainability

Group 6: Global Partnership for Development

Group 7: Data Harmonisation Group


Communication Strategy

A communication strategy provides a vehicle for all stakeholders to take ownership of the 2010 MDGR country report.

  • Internal strategy
    • inform internal stakeholders
  • Strategy for the broader stakeholder base
    • Inform external stakeholders viz.:
      • government,
      • non-governmental,
      • academia, and
      • private citizens of the country to provide their inputs and support
methodology workshop
Methodology Workshop


To build on lessons of past efforts on MDGs

Make the MDGR 2010 more robust and inclusive

Serve the issues around capacity building initiative and awareness


Toacquaintparticipantswith the processes and issues involved in the preparation of MDGs progress reports in South Africa with a view to empoweringthem with the methodology and tools of MDGR preparation

A forum that intends to assemble a broad spectrum of stakeholders on MDGs in the country. Satisfy international requirements that MDGs is an inclusive process.

specific objectives goal of methodology workshop
Specific objectives & goal of methodology Workshop

The specific objectives of this workshop will allow participants to:

Have a clear understanding of the MDGs targets and indicators;

Explain the processes and principles involved in the preparation of the national MDGR;

Discuss human right based approach to the MDGs;

Explain what it takes to localize MDGs targets and indicators in the country;

Relate MDG targets and indicators to national targets;

Identification of data sources that will be used to populate the indicators;

Explain the relevance and significance of DevInfo to the MDGs preparation process; and

Discuss quality assurance and controls in the preparation of a national MDGR

The goal:

Is to promote participatory approach in the preparation of the MDGR in the country

who are the targeted groups participants
Who are the targeted Groups/Participants

Expected ≈ 100 participants at the National Methodology Workshop (± 140 turned up)


National Departments

Private sector


Development partners

Provincial Methodological Workshop(s)

Provincial focus

Provincial CSOs

Provincial departments

Research Councils

Local universities

who are the targeted groups participants 1
Who are the targeted Groups/Participants (1)


Human Science Research Council, South African NGO Coalition (SANGOCO), Trialogue, and five (5) other representation from the CSO (with not more than one covering one MDG)

Private Sector:

The Business Unity South Africa (BUSA), The Chambers of Commerce and Industry South Africa (CHANSA), and The South African Chamber of Business (SACOB)


Universities, Research Councils etc.

Development partners:


national mdg methodology workshop
National MDG Methodology Workshop

Key deliverables:

An agreed template for the domestication/localization of the MDGs in South Africa;

Commitment from participating institutions to facilitate access to credible alternative data and information; and

Outcome document detailing out key lessons, role of stakeholders and way forward on the preparation of 2009/2010 MDGR

  • Held on 19-20 November 2009
  • St. George’s Hotel, Pretoria
mdg methodology workshop 2
MDGMethodologyWorkshop (2)

Workshop breakdown:

Overview of MDGs Targets / Indicators and MDGs Preparation Process

Highlight of MDGs Progress Reporting in RSA

Cross Countries Experiences in MDGs Progress Reporting

Human Right Based Approach to MDGs

Domestication of MDGs Targets and Indicators in RSA

Syndicate and Plenary Sessions on domestication

Traditional MDGs Data Sources

Complementary MDGs Data Sources

Quality Assurance and Control

Relevance and use of DevInfo to MDGR 2010

MDGR Format and Roadmap

data acquisition
Data Acquisition

Requests for data will be sent to all data providers

Data as well as indicator values will be requested

Indicators which Stats SA can provide data for will be populated in the interim

  • Data quality assessment strategy being developed
  • Data sources to be subjected to SASQAF Lite quality assessment
  • Data quality concerns to be flagged in MDGR

The data will be analysed and draft sectoral reports will be written by Report Drafting Team (RDT) with inputs from the SWG

  • The draft sectoral reports will be sent to the NCC for review
  • The Review process will continue until the NCC is satisfied with the report

Put out a RFP to serve as the RDT

    • institution
    • institution to monitor
    • coordination sector
    • reports
  • Integrate 8 sector reports  First draft of MDGR 2010
  • The MDGR2010 will be sent to the NCC for review
  • The review process will take place until the NCC is satisfied with the report
  • After adoption of the edited report the final draft report will be produced

Prior to finalizing the MDG Country Report, the draft report needs to be validated by all stakeholders

  • Draft report to be placed on NSS website, with necessary disclaimers
  • Validation workshop to be held for stakeholders to comment on final draft report
  • Workshop to include all stakeholders (business, CSO, government)
  • Aim to validate report – mitigate against a government report

From language editing the draft MDGR is forwarded to the NCC for ratification

  • Once the NCC has ratified the report no further changes can be made to it




Once the country report is finalised the cover page design process will take place with the coordination of UNRC and Stats SA

  • The finalised report will then be printed for the media briefing and launch


Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger

Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education

Goal 3: Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women

Goal 4: Reduce Child Mortality

Goal 5: Improve Maternal Health

Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases

Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability

Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership for Development

  • There are a variety of challenges towards meeting the MDGs
    • High levels of income disparity
    • Structural unemployment
    • The impact of HIV and AIDS
    • The recent global economic recession
  • No Data for reporting on:
    • 10 MDG indicators
    • 1 Domesticated indicator
goal 1 eradicate extreme poverty
Proportion of population living below the poverty line has declined

Gini coefficient has increased (inequality)

Employment to population ratio remained static

Access to free basic services by indigents on the increase

Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty

Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty

Percent living below poverty lines and poverty gap: 2000 and 2006

goal 2 achieve universal primary education
Adjusted Net Enrolment for females has increased from 97.0% in 2002 to 98.8% in 2009

Functional Literacy rate of 15 to 24 year olds increased from 88% in 2002 to 91% in 2009

Completion rate of primary education by those aged 18 has risen from 89.6% in 2002 to 93.8% in 2009

It appears that South African government initiatives of no fees, free transport and feeding schemes in selected schools have benefited poor learners

Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education

Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education

Enrolment ratios (adjusted) for 7-13 age group by sex: 2002 – 2009

goal 3 promote gender equality and empower women
There are more girls than boys in both secondary and tertiary education

Women share of non-agricultural wage employment remains below half

Proportion of seats held by women in the national parliament increased from 25% in 1994 to 39% in 2009

Goal 3: Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women
goal 3 promote gender equality and empower women1
Goal 3: Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women

Gross enrolment ratios & gender parity index at tertiary level, selected years

goal 4 reduce child mortality
Infant mortality rate remained stable at 53 (2007) deaths per 1000 live births

Under-five mortality rate has risen from 59 (1998) to 104 (2007)per 1000 live births

Proportion of 1-year old children immunised against measles has risen from 68.5 (2001) to 98.3 (2009)

Life expectancy at birth is has dropped

Goal 4: Reduce Child Mortality
goal 4 reduce child mortality1
Goal 4: Reduce Child Mortality

Under-Five Mortality Rate, South Africa 1998,

and the 2015 MDG

goal 5 improve maternal mortality
Maternal Mortality rate is high and is increasing

Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel increased from 684 766 in 2001 to 935 473 in 2009

Use of modern contraceptive methods by sexually active women has increased from 61.2% (1998) to 64% (2003)

Antenatal care coverage has increased from 76.6 (2001) to above 100%

Goal 5: Improve Maternal Mortality
goal 5 improve maternal mortality1
Goal 5: Improve Maternal Mortality

Maternal mortality rate in South Africa since 1998,

and 2015 MDG

goal 6 combat hiv aids malaria and other diseases
The spread of HIV prevalence in South Africa may have stabilised amongst persons 2 years and older

Marked increase in all provinces from 2005 (13.9%) to 2009 (41.6%) in the proportion of people with HIV who had access to ART

In 2006 17% of men had been tested and in 2009 the figure had risen to 31.8%. Amongst women the figure rose from 38% in 2006 to 71.2% in 2009

Death rates associated with TB has risen from 168 per 100 000 population (2004) to 181 (2007) per 100 000

Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases
goal 6 combat hiv aids malaria and other diseases1
Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases

HIV Prevalence Among Population Aged 15-24 Years,

South Africa, 2002, 2005 and 2008

goal 7 ensure environmental sustainability
Number of species threatened with extinction has increased from 676 (1990) to 2458 (2010)

Carbon dioxide emissions have increased from 358 930 Gigagrams in 1994 to 433 527 Gigagrams in 2007

Proportion of population living in slums have remained static

The target for the proportion of population using water from an improved drinking source has been achieved

Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
goal 7 ensure environmental sustainability1
Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability

Access to services by households

goal 8 develop a global partnership for development
GDP per capita has increased from R22758 (2001) to R49134 (2009)

Foreign Direct Investment as percentage of GDP has dropped from 8.4% in 2001 to 1.4% in 2009

Gross expenditure on R&D as a percentage of GDP has risen to just over 0.9% in 2007

There were 86 cellular subscribers per 100 population in 2007 compared to 18.5 per 100 population in 2001

Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development
goal 8 develop a global partnership for development1
Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development

Debt as a percentage of GNI

Source: South African Reserve Bank Quarterly Bulletin

mdg reporting problems
MDG process has highlighted the following deficiencies in our distributed statistical system

Administrative records systems for producing statistics are still weak

To Illustrate:

Death Registration (coverage and completeness)

Environmental indicators dependent on international agencies’ data

MMR: Maternal Mortality registration systems plagued by

Plethora of competing sources

Sources use competing definitions

Producing contradictory estimates


EMIS data still has quality concerns

Age specific population estimates still called into question

Assign blame where the numerator & denominator come from differing sources

MDG Reporting: Problems
mdg reporting opportunities
MDGR 2010 affords South Africa an opportunity:

To institutionalise MDG reporting as part of the country’s National Statistics System, and

Place MDGs firmly on the country’s development agenda.

Adage: ”What gets measured, gets done” (….gets done right)

Are we measuring what matters?

Many things are not being done!

Since MDGR 2010 is data intensive, use the process to strengthen (re-engineer) the information systems that underpin the statistical information

This can be done by institutionalising the NCC and SWGs.

What is required?:

Commitment to measuring and reporting on the MDGs

Commitment to build the requisite information infrastructure that allows for reporting on MDGs

Build sufficient critical mass (human resources) to achieve the objectives of the Millennium Declaration

MDG Reporting: Opportunities
what is required part i
Address three issues; namely,

incorporation of MDGs in policy programmes,

data gaps, and

data discrepancies.

How do we address data gaps and discrepancies?

Audit departmental information systems for relevance

What is collected?

For what purpose?

How does it contribute towards informed decision-making?

Implement systems (in the responsible line ministries) to ensure that they produce to a defined set of information requirements (i.e. CPI – monetary policy, GDP – economic growth, GHS – among others, access to services)

Rationalise competing production systems that add to the confusion

Reallocate resources

What is required? (part I)
what is required part ii
In the final analysis:

It will require that the various stakeholders in the NSS form closer relationships among themselves and improve the level of:

statistical organisation,

coordination, and


for the purpose of reporting accurately on matters that serve the nation’s


What is required? (part II)