slide1
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Tourism impacts

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 48

Sustainable tourism - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 155 Views
  • Uploaded on

Tourism impacts. Tourism impacts. The next generation. The technology fix - Ski Dubai , United Arab Emirates. Or is the answer in Sustainable Destination Management?. Sustainable Tourism and the role of Tourism in Sustainable Development.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Sustainable tourism' - coye


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
sustainable tourism and the role of tourism in sustainable development
Sustainable Tourism and the role of Tourism in Sustainable Development
  • International declarations: Brundtland 1987; Agenda 21 - for tourism 1995.
  • Sustainable development:
  • ‘’Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs’ (WCED, 1987)
sustainable tourism
Sustainable Tourism
  • ‘Sustainable development is simply one step beyond what was traditionally termed conservation - wise use of resources. ..... development based on ‘acceptable’ levels of social and environmental change.

Gunn, 1994.

wto definition of sustainable tourism
WTO definition of Sustainable Tourism

‘Sustainable tourism development meets the needs of present tourists and host regions while protecting and enhancing opportunity for the future. It is envisaged as leading to management of all resources in such a way that economic, social, and aesthetic needs can be fulfilled while maintaining cultural integrity, essential ecological processes, biological diversity, and life support systems’

(World Tourism Organisation, 1997)

slide9
Break sustainable tourism down into three core elements
  • The holistic approach – environment, economy and society/culture
  • The time dimension – long term
  • Include all stakeholders
core 1 the holistic approach
CORE 1 – THE HOLISTIC APPROACH

Sustainable tourism development sustainable in terms of –

  • Economy
  • Environment
  • Society and culture
sustainable tourism11
Sustainable tourism
  • The holy grail of tourism?
  • Tourism that is:
  • Environmentally
  • Economically
  • Socio-culturally
  • Sustainable
slide12

Society & culture

Environment

Economy

Integration, communication, collaboration

slide13

Economic health

Well-being of society

Guest satisfaction

protection

of natural resources

Healthy culture

Balanced priorities in sustainable tourism

balancing objectives in tourism development
Balancing Objectives in Tourism Development
  • For example, is it possible to balance and trade-off between the following objectives?
      • Economic Growth
      • Preservation of Ecology / Biodiversity
      • Preservation of Cultural Heritage
      • Social Welfare
      • Regional Development Imbalance
balancing objectives in tourism development15
Balancing Objectives in Tourism Development
  • The above objectives are often included in the ‘holistic’ approach to sustainable tourism development.

(Muller, 1994.)

ethics and tourism what is the role of the individual
Ethics and tourismWhat is the role of the individual?
  • How do I behave when on holiday?
  • Do I interact with the local people and local environment from a basis of respect, or use them simply for my convenience?
  • Can I make a more positive contribution to the local economy?
  • How ethical are my tour company’s policies?

http://www.tourismconcern.org.uk

would you be more likely to book a holiday with a company if they had a written code of ethics
Would you be more likely to book a holiday with a company if they had a written code of ethics?
  • Yes
  • No
  • Don’t know
would you be more likely to book a holiday with a company if they had a written code of ethics19
Would you be more likely to book a holiday with a company if they had a written code of ethics

Tearfund (2002)

who is driving the ethics debate
Who is driving the ethics debate?
  • Global organisations (e.g. UNESCO, WTO, UNEP)
  • International NGOs (e.g. WTO, Tourism Concern)
  • Charities (e.g. VSO)
  • Christian organisations (e.g. Tearfund)
  • Industry organisations (e.g. AITO, ABTA)
wto global code of ethics principles
ARTICLE 1Tourism\'s contribution to mutual understanding and respect between peoples and societiesARTICLE 2Tourism as a vehicle for individual and collective fulfilmentARTICLE 3Tourism, a factor of sustainable developmentARTICLE 4 Tourism, a user of the cultural heritage of mankind and contributor to its enhancement

ARTICLE 5Tourism, a beneficial activity for host countries and communitiesARTICLE 6Obligations of stakeholders in tourism developmentARTICLE 7Right to tourismARTICE 8Liberty of tourist movementsARTICLE 9Rights of the workers and entrepreneurs in the tourism industry

WTO Global Code of Ethics Principles

See http://www.world-tourism.org/code_ethics/eng/principles.htm

issues of ethical concern for tour operators
Issues of ethical concern for tour operators
  • Relationship with host community
  • Treatment of employees
  • Marketing of products
  • Attitude to the natural environment

Weeden (2002)

utilising ethical credentials
Utilising ethical credentials
  • Use of locally owned organisations
  • Keep group sizes small
  • Treat all employees fairly
  • Promote packages truthfully

Weeden (2002)

slide25
ACTIVITY 1 – 20 MINUTES
  • YOUR VIEWS ON ETHICAL ISSUES
slide26

Ethical questions for you and your company

  • Would your guests be willing to pay more money for their holiday if workers at the destination were guaranteed good wages and working conditions?
  • Would your guests be willing to pay more money for their holiday if the hotel served locally produced food?
  • Would your guests be willing to pay more money for their holiday if some of the money went to a local charity?
core 2 time demension
CORE 2 – TIME DEMENSION
  • Time dimension – long lasting (inter-generational equity)
  • ‘Tourism …viable over an indefinite period and does not degrade or alter the environment (human and physical)’ Butler 1993
  • Ensure that productivity can be sustained into the long term future
slide28
How long is long term?
  • What is the average business investment time scale?
  • What is the normal political timescale?
complication to core 2 the present
Complication to core 2 – the present??
  • Social equity dimension – (intra-generational equity)
  • spread wealth more evenly throughout current generations; throughout the world
  • Provide for a better level of fairness and opportunity between different countries
core 3 include all stakeholders
CORE 3 - INCLUDE ALL STAKEHOLDERS
  • Holistic – includes all aspects and stakeholders
  • Cooperation, partnerships and compromises
  • Facilitate and engage public participation
slide31
Participation: all interest groups affected by a development should be involved in the decision making process.
the key stakeholders in sustainable tourism
The key stakeholders in sustainable tourism

Tourism

Industry

Governmental

Bodies

The Host Community

Tourists

Sustainable

Tourism

Pressure Groups

Voluntary Sector/NGOs

Experts

Media

slide33
ACTIVITY 2 – 20 MINUTES
  • YOUR VIEWS ON WHO SHOULD TAKE THE LEAD IN DEVELOPING SUSTAINABLE TOURISM
destination management or marketing organisations dmo
Destination Management or Marketing Organisations (DMO)?

The concept of the DMO (where “M” stands for management rather than simply marketing)- a quite recent form of organizing the destination management.

DMO - responsible for well-being of all aspects of the destination

marketing is no longer the sole purpose

4 pillars of sustainability ritchie crouch 2003 44 47
4 Pillars of sustainability (Ritchie & Crouch, 2003:44-47)
  • Ecological sustainability
  • Economic sustainability
  • Socio-cultural sustainability
  • Political (governance) sustainability
political sustainability governance
Political sustainability (governance)
  • Political sustainability is rarely identified as one of the pillars of sustainability.
  • However-critical to the acceptability of any solution.
  • Problem lies on how one determines sustainability.
  • A philosophical question – a political debate.
  • Who decides? Power structures, elites and democracy.

(Ritchie & Crouch 2003.)

a framework for monitoring destination impacts
A framework for monitoring destination impacts

Six factors

  • Economic and regional development benefits
  • Adverse environmental effects
  • Quality of life & employment opportunities
  • Improved community environment
  • Cultural erosion
  • Crime
core indicators of sustainable tourism
Core indicators of sustainable tourism
  • Site protection
  • Stress
  • Use intensity
  • Social impact
  • Development control
  • Waste management
  • Planning processes
  • Critical ecosystems
  • Consumer satisfaction
  • Local satisfaction
  • Tourism’s contribution
  • to local economy
slide41

What is important in the definition of indicators?

  • Relevance to the issue
  • Data availability (capacity to collect and process)
  • Credibilityof the information
  • Clarityand understandability to users
  • Comparabilityover time and across jurisdictions or regions
other issues in sustainable tourism debate
Other issues in sustainable tourism debate

To name some of the key issues in the sustainable tourism debate

  • visitor management
  • concept of carrying capacity
  • role of public sector planning
  • role of industry
  • tourist education
  • private versus public transportation
  • value judgment and lack of factual evidence etc.
also links to ecotourism
Also - Links to Ecotourism

Looks at -

  • policy frameworks;
  • conservation management frameworks;
  • WTO & ecotourism
  • Definitions of ecotourism
further websites to assist benchmarking your destination
Further websites to assist benchmarking your destination
  • United Nations Environment Program
  • See more about sustainable tourism from the following webpages:
  • www.uneptie.org/pc/tourism/sust-tourism
  • The impacts of tourism in environment:
  • http://www.uneptie.org/pc/tourism/sust-tourism/environment.htm
slide46
Too much for a one day workshop!!
  • BUT for today, let’s concentrate on practical ways forward – what can you do?
slide47
ACTIVITY 3 – Think of over Lunch
  • PRACTICAL WAYS FORWARD
  • THE ROLE OF INDUSTRY – WHAT CAN YOU DO IN YOUR BUSINESS TO CONTRIBUTE TO SUSTAINABLE TOURISM?
slide48
Thank You!

Discussion

.

ad