Slide1 l.jpg
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 48

Tourism impacts PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 72 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Tourism impacts. Tourism impacts. The next generation. The technology fix - Ski Dubai , United Arab Emirates. Or is the answer in Sustainable Destination Management?. Sustainable Tourism and the role of Tourism in Sustainable Development.

Download Presentation

Tourism impacts

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Slide1 l.jpg

Tourism impacts


Slide2 l.jpg

Tourism impacts


Slide3 l.jpg

The next generation


The technology fix ski dubai united arab emirates l.jpg

The technology fix - Ski Dubai , United Arab Emirates


Or is the answer in sustainable destination management l.jpg

Or is the answer in Sustainable Destination Management?


Sustainable tourism and the role of tourism in sustainable development l.jpg

Sustainable Tourism and the role of Tourism in Sustainable Development

  • International declarations: Brundtland 1987; Agenda 21 - for tourism 1995.

  • Sustainable development:

  • ‘’Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs’ (WCED, 1987)


Sustainable tourism l.jpg

Sustainable Tourism

  • ‘Sustainable development is simply one step beyond what was traditionally termed conservation - wise use of resources. ..... development based on ‘acceptable’ levels of social and environmental change.

    Gunn, 1994.


Wto definition of sustainable tourism l.jpg

WTO definition of Sustainable Tourism

‘Sustainable tourism development meets the needs of present tourists and host regions while protecting and enhancing opportunity for the future. It is envisaged as leading to management of all resources in such a way that economic, social, and aesthetic needs can be fulfilled while maintaining cultural integrity, essential ecological processes, biological diversity, and life support systems’

(World Tourism Organisation, 1997)


Slide9 l.jpg

Break sustainable tourism down into three core elements

  • The holistic approach – environment, economy and society/culture

  • The time dimension – long term

  • Include all stakeholders


Core 1 the holistic approach l.jpg

CORE 1 – THE HOLISTIC APPROACH

Sustainable tourism development sustainable in terms of –

  • Economy

  • Environment

  • Society and culture


Sustainable tourism11 l.jpg

Sustainable tourism

  • The holy grail of tourism?

  • Tourism that is:

  • Environmentally

  • Economically

  • Socio-culturally

  • Sustainable


Slide12 l.jpg

Society & culture

Environment

Economy

Integration, communication, collaboration


Slide13 l.jpg

Economic health

Well-being of society

Guest satisfaction

protection

of natural resources

Healthy culture

Balanced priorities in sustainable tourism


Balancing objectives in tourism development l.jpg

Balancing Objectives in Tourism Development

  • For example, is it possible to balance and trade-off between the following objectives?

    • Economic Growth

    • Preservation of Ecology / Biodiversity

    • Preservation of Cultural Heritage

    • Social Welfare

    • Regional Development Imbalance


Balancing objectives in tourism development15 l.jpg

Balancing Objectives in Tourism Development

  • The above objectives are often included in the ‘holistic’ approach to sustainable tourism development.

    (Muller, 1994.)


Slide16 l.jpg

BEST – Business Enterprises for Sustainable Tourism


Ethics and tourism what is the role of the individual l.jpg

Ethics and tourismWhat is the role of the individual?

  • How do I behave when on holiday?

  • Do I interact with the local people and local environment from a basis of respect, or use them simply for my convenience?

  • Can I make a more positive contribution to the local economy?

  • How ethical are my tour company’s policies?

http://www.tourismconcern.org.uk


Would you be more likely to book a holiday with a company if they had a written code of ethics l.jpg

Would you be more likely to book a holiday with a company if they had a written code of ethics?

  • Yes

  • No

  • Don’t know


Would you be more likely to book a holiday with a company if they had a written code of ethics19 l.jpg

Would you be more likely to book a holiday with a company if they had a written code of ethics

Tearfund (2002)


Who is driving the ethics debate l.jpg

Who is driving the ethics debate?

  • Global organisations (e.g. UNESCO, WTO, UNEP)

  • International NGOs (e.g. WTO, Tourism Concern)

  • Charities (e.g. VSO)

  • Christian organisations (e.g. Tearfund)

  • Industry organisations (e.g. AITO, ABTA)


Wto global code of ethics principles l.jpg

ARTICLE 1Tourism's contribution to mutual understanding and respect between peoples and societiesARTICLE 2Tourism as a vehicle for individual and collective fulfilmentARTICLE 3Tourism, a factor of sustainable developmentARTICLE 4 Tourism, a user of the cultural heritage of mankind and contributor to its enhancement

ARTICLE 5Tourism, a beneficial activity for host countries and communitiesARTICLE 6Obligations of stakeholders in tourism developmentARTICLE 7Right to tourismARTICE 8Liberty of tourist movementsARTICLE 9Rights of the workers and entrepreneurs in the tourism industry

WTO Global Code of Ethics Principles

See http://www.world-tourism.org/code_ethics/eng/principles.htm


Issues of ethical concern for tour operators l.jpg

Issues of ethical concern for tour operators

  • Relationship with host community

  • Treatment of employees

  • Marketing of products

  • Attitude to the natural environment

Weeden (2002)


Utilising ethical credentials l.jpg

Utilising ethical credentials

  • Use of locally owned organisations

  • Keep group sizes small

  • Treat all employees fairly

  • Promote packages truthfully

Weeden (2002)


Using ethical credentials pays off l.jpg

Using ethical credentials pays off

Meyer et al. (2004)


Slide25 l.jpg

  • ACTIVITY 1 – 20 MINUTES

  • YOUR VIEWS ON ETHICAL ISSUES


Slide26 l.jpg

Ethical questions for you and your company

  • Would your guests be willing to pay more money for their holiday if workers at the destination were guaranteed good wages and working conditions?

  • Would your guests be willing to pay more money for their holiday if the hotel served locally produced food?

  • Would your guests be willing to pay more money for their holiday if some of the money went to a local charity?


Core 2 time demension l.jpg

CORE 2 – TIME DEMENSION

  • Time dimension – long lasting (inter-generational equity)

  • ‘Tourism …viable over an indefinite period and does not degrade or alter the environment (human and physical)’ Butler 1993

  • Ensure that productivity can be sustained into the long term future


Slide28 l.jpg

  • How long is long term?

  • What is the average business investment time scale?

  • What is the normal political timescale?


Complication to core 2 the present l.jpg

Complication to core 2 – the present??

  • Social equity dimension – (intra-generational equity)

  • spread wealth more evenly throughout current generations; throughout the world

  • Provide for a better level of fairness and opportunity between different countries


Core 3 include all stakeholders l.jpg

CORE 3 - INCLUDE ALL STAKEHOLDERS

  • Holistic – includes all aspects and stakeholders

  • Cooperation, partnerships and compromises

  • Facilitate and engage public participation


Slide31 l.jpg

  • Participation: all interest groups affected by a development should be involved in the decision making process.


The key stakeholders in sustainable tourism l.jpg

The key stakeholders in sustainable tourism

Tourism

Industry

Governmental

Bodies

The Host Community

Tourists

Sustainable

Tourism

Pressure Groups

Voluntary Sector/NGOs

Experts

Media


Slide33 l.jpg

  • ACTIVITY 2 – 20 MINUTES

  • YOUR VIEWS ON WHO SHOULD TAKE THE LEAD IN DEVELOPING SUSTAINABLE TOURISM


Solutions destination management l.jpg

Solutions? - Destination management


Destination management or marketing organisations dmo l.jpg

Destination Management or Marketing Organisations (DMO)?

The concept of the DMO (where “M” stands for management rather than simply marketing)- a quite recent form of organizing the destination management.

DMO - responsible for well-being of all aspects of the destination

marketing is no longer the sole purpose


Slide36 l.jpg

Linking competitiveness with sustainability

Ritchie and Crouch, (2003)


4 pillars of sustainability ritchie crouch 2003 44 47 l.jpg

4 Pillars of sustainability (Ritchie & Crouch, 2003:44-47)

  • Ecological sustainability

  • Economic sustainability

  • Socio-cultural sustainability

  • Political (governance) sustainability


Political sustainability governance l.jpg

Political sustainability (governance)

  • Political sustainability is rarely identified as one of the pillars of sustainability.

  • However-critical to the acceptability of any solution.

  • Problem lies on how one determines sustainability.

  • A philosophical question – a political debate.

  • Who decides? Power structures, elites and democracy.

    (Ritchie & Crouch 2003.)


A framework for monitoring destination impacts l.jpg

A framework for monitoring destination impacts

Six factors

  • Economic and regional development benefits

  • Adverse environmental effects

  • Quality of life & employment opportunities

  • Improved community environment

  • Cultural erosion

  • Crime


Core indicators of sustainable tourism l.jpg

Core indicators of sustainable tourism

  • Site protection

  • Stress

  • Use intensity

  • Social impact

  • Development control

  • Waste management

  • Planning processes

  • Critical ecosystems

  • Consumer satisfaction

  • Local satisfaction

  • Tourism’s contribution

  • to local economy


Slide41 l.jpg

What is important in the definition of indicators?

  • Relevance to the issue

  • Data availability (capacity to collect and process)

  • Credibilityof the information

  • Clarityand understandability to users

  • Comparabilityover time and across jurisdictions or regions


Slide42 l.jpg

A WTO guidebook on indicators


Other issues in sustainable tourism debate l.jpg

Other issues in sustainable tourism debate

To name some of the key issues in the sustainable tourism debate

  • visitor management

  • concept of carrying capacity

  • role of public sector planning

  • role of industry

  • tourist education

  • private versus public transportation

  • value judgment and lack of factual evidence etc.


Also links to ecotourism l.jpg

Also - Links to Ecotourism

Looks at -

  • policy frameworks;

  • conservation management frameworks;

  • WTO & ecotourism

  • Definitions of ecotourism


Further websites to assist benchmarking your destination l.jpg

Further websites to assist benchmarking your destination

  • United Nations Environment Program

  • See more about sustainable tourism from the following webpages:

  • www.uneptie.org/pc/tourism/sust-tourism

  • The impacts of tourism in environment:

  • http://www.uneptie.org/pc/tourism/sust-tourism/environment.htm


Slide46 l.jpg

  • Too much for a one day workshop!!

  • BUT for today, let’s concentrate on practical ways forward – what can you do?


Slide47 l.jpg

  • ACTIVITY 3 – Think of over Lunch

  • PRACTICAL WAYS FORWARD

  • THE ROLE OF INDUSTRY – WHAT CAN YOU DO IN YOUR BUSINESS TO CONTRIBUTE TO SUSTAINABLE TOURISM?


Slide48 l.jpg

Thank You!

Discussion

.


  • Login