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HINDUISM. Aryan Civilization. Aryan Civilization. - 1500 BCE to 1000 CE - Key Accomplishments: Vedas- oral religious traditions (hymns, prayers, rituals) Sanskrit- written language Pattern of village settlement influences India today Development of the Caste System.

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Aryan civilization1
Aryan Civilization

- 1500 BCE to 1000 CE

- Key Accomplishments:

  • Vedas- oral religious traditions (hymns, prayers, rituals)

  • Sanskrit- written language

  • Pattern of village settlement influences India today

  • Development of the Caste System


Hinduism india and caste
Hinduism, India, and Caste

  • 82 % of all people living in India practice Hinduism

  • Hindus- people who follow the religion

  • Caste and Hinduism are related. Your place in the Caste system is determined by your Dharma in your previous life.


Brahman
Brahman

  • Brahman is the world soul.

  • All life comes from this world soul.

  • The “om” sound is used to call the world soul.


Brahman is 3 gods in one
Brahman is 3 gods in one

Brahma Shiva Vishnu

(Creator) (destroyer) (protector)


Vishnu
Vishnu

  • Vishnu has appeared 9 times.

  • Hindu’s are waiting for his 10th appearance on a white horse.

  • This will signal that good has overcome evil.


Matsya the fish
Matsya, the fish.


Kurma the turtle
Kurma, the turtle.


Varaha the boar
Varaha, the boar.


Narasimha the man lion
Narasimha, the Man-Lion


Vamana the dwarf brahmana
Vamana, the DwarfBrahmana







Deities
Deities

  • Gods and goddesses

  • Other important deities:

    • Devi- mother goddess

    • Kali- release people from reincarnation

    • Ganesh- elephant god, good luck

    • Rama/Sita- husband/wife


Four main ideas of hinduism
Four Main Ideas of Hinduism

  • Samsar- reincarnation

  • Karma- Every action brings a certain result. The sum of a persons’ past life.

  • Dharma- moral obligation. Follow the rules of the Caste and you will be reincarnated into something higher.

  • Moksha- end of rebirths. Heaven.


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