Hinduism
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HINDUISM. Aryan Civilization. Aryan Civilization. - 1500 BCE to 1000 CE - Key Accomplishments: Vedas- oral religious traditions (hymns, prayers, rituals) Sanskrit- written language Pattern of village settlement influences India today Development of the Caste System.

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HINDUISM

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HINDUISM


Aryan Civilization


Aryan Civilization

- 1500 BCE to 1000 CE

- Key Accomplishments:

  • Vedas- oral religious traditions (hymns, prayers, rituals)

  • Sanskrit- written language

  • Pattern of village settlement influences India today

  • Development of the Caste System


Hinduism, India, and Caste

  • 82 % of all people living in India practice Hinduism

  • Hindus- people who follow the religion

  • Caste and Hinduism are related. Your place in the Caste system is determined by your Dharma in your previous life.


Brahman

  • Brahman is the world soul.

  • All life comes from this world soul.

  • The “om” sound is used to call the world soul.


Brahman is 3 gods in one

Brahma Shiva Vishnu

(Creator) (destroyer) (protector)


Vishnu

  • Vishnu has appeared 9 times.

  • Hindu’s are waiting for his 10th appearance on a white horse.

  • This will signal that good has overcome evil.


Matsya, the fish.


Kurma, the turtle.


Varaha, the boar.


Narasimha, the Man-Lion


Vamana, the DwarfBrahmana


Parashurama


Rama


Krishna


Buddha


Kalki


Deities

  • Gods and goddesses

  • Other important deities:

    • Devi- mother goddess

    • Kali- release people from reincarnation

    • Ganesh- elephant god, good luck

    • Rama/Sita- husband/wife


Four Main Ideas of Hinduism

  • Samsar- reincarnation

  • Karma- Every action brings a certain result. The sum of a persons’ past life.

  • Dharma- moral obligation. Follow the rules of the Caste and you will be reincarnated into something higher.

  • Moksha- end of rebirths. Heaven.


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