Cedars work on metadata
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Cedars work on metadata. Michael Day UKOLN, University of Bath [email protected] Cedars Workshop Manchester, 25-26 February 2002. Presentation overview. Metadata and digital preservation Cedars work on metadata Metadata review OAIS model Cedars outline metadata specification

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Cedars work on metadata

Cedars work on metadata

Michael Day

UKOLN, University of Bath

[email protected]

Cedars Workshop

Manchester, 25-26 February 2002


Presentation overview

Presentation overview

  • Metadata and digital preservation

  • Cedars work on metadata

    • Metadata review

    • OAIS model

    • Cedars outline metadata specification

  • Some related work

Cedars Workshop, Manchester, 25-26 February 2002


Preservation metadata 1

Preservation metadata (1)

  • Digital preservation strategies:

    • Technology preservation

    • Emulation

    • Migration

    • etc ...

  • All strategies depend to some extent on the creation and maintenance of metadata

Cedars Workshop, Manchester, 25-26 February 2002


Preservation metadata 2

Preservation metadata (2)

  • Within a digital repository, “metadata accompanies and makes reference to each digital object and provides associated descriptive, structural, administrative, rights management, and other kinds of information.” (Clifford Lynch, 1999)

  • http://www.dlib.org/dlib/september99/09lynch.html

Cedars Workshop, Manchester, 25-26 February 2002


Cedars work on metadata1

Cedars work on metadata

  • Review of preservation metadata initiatives (1998)

    • OAIS, PANDORA, Pittsburgh Project, RLG Working Group, UPF, etc.

  • Draft outline metadata specification (2000)

    • General framework taken from the ISO Reference Model for an Open Archival Information System (OAIS)

  • http://www.leeds.ac.uk/cedars/

  • Cedars Workshop, Manchester, 25-26 February 2002


    The oais model 1

    The OAIS model (1)

    • Reference Model for an Open Archival Information System (OAIS):

      • Consultative Committee on Space Data Systems (CCSDS)

      • Red Book, Issue 2 (June 2001)

      • ISO DIS 14721

      • High-level reference model

        • a basis for conformance

        • NOT a blueprint or system architecture

  • http://ssdoo.gsfc.nasa.gov/nost/isoas/ref_model.html

  • Cedars Workshop, Manchester, 25-26 February 2002


    The oais model 2

    The OAIS model (2)

    • An OAIS:

      • An organisation of people and systems that have “accepted the responsibility to preserve information and make it available for a Designated Community”

      • Establishes a common framework of terms and concepts which comprise an OAIS

      • Functional model & information model

    Cedars Workshop, Manchester, 25-26 February 2002


    The oais model 3

    The OAIS model (3)

    Preservation Planning

    CONSUMER

    PRODUCER

    Descriptive

    info.

    Data

    Management

    Descriptive

    info.

    Access

    queries

    Ingest

    result sets

    SIP

    orders

    AIP

    Archival

    Storage

    AIP

    DIP

    Administration

    MANAGEMENT

    OAIS Functional Entities (Figure 4-1)

    Cedars Workshop, Manchester, 25-26 February 2002


    The oais model 4

    The OAIS model (4)

    • Information model:

      • Information Object (basic concept)

        • Data Object (bit-stream)

        • Representation Information (permits “the full interpretation of Data Object into meaningful information”)

      • Information Object Classes

        • Content Information

        • Preservation Description Information (PDI)

        • Packaging Information

        • Descriptive Information

    Cedars Workshop, Manchester, 25-26 February 2002


    The oais model 5

    The OAIS model (5)

    • Information model (continued):

      • Information package:

        • Container that encapsulates Content Information and PDI

        • Packages for submission (SIP), archival storage (AIP) and dissemination (DIP)

        • AIP = “... a concise way of referring to a set of information that has, in principle, all of the qualities needed for permanent, or indefinite, Long Term Preservation of a designated Information Object”

    Cedars Workshop, Manchester, 25-26 February 2002


    The oais model 6

    The OAIS model (6)

    • Archival Information Package (AIP):

      • Content Information

        • Original target of preservation

        • Information Object (Data Object & Representation Information)

      • Preservation Description Information (PDI)

        • other information (metadata) “which will allow the understanding of the Content Information over an indefinite period of time”

        • A set of Information Objects

        • Based on categories discussed in CPA/RLG report: Preserving Digital Information (1996)

    Cedars Workshop, Manchester, 25-26 February 2002


    Cedars work on metadata

    The OAIS model (7)

    Preservation Description Information:

    Preservation

    Description

    Information

    Reference

    Information

    Provenance

    Information

    Context

    Information

    Fixity

    Information

    PDI Preservation Description Information (Figure 4-16)

    Cedars Workshop, Manchester, 25-26 February 2002


    Cedars metadata 1

    Cedars metadata (1)

    • Metadata for digital preservation: the Cedars project outline specification

      • Cedars project team and UKOLN

      • Published, March 2000

      • Broadly based on general framework of OAIS information model

      • An outline specification

  • Overview ...

  • Cedars Workshop, Manchester, 25-26 February 2002


    Cedars metadata 2

    Cedars metadata (2)

    • Preservation Description Information

      • Reference Information

        • Resource Description

          • e.g., Title, Creator, ...

        • Existing metadata

      • Context Information

        • Related Information Objects

    Cedars Workshop, Manchester, 25-26 February 2002


    Cedars metadata 3

    Cedars metadata (3)

    • Provenance Information

      • History of Origin

        • Reason for creation, custody history, original technical environments, etc.

      • Management History

        • Ingest, actions, etc.

      • Rights Management

        • Publisher details, permitted actions, etc.

    • Fixity Information

      • Authentication indicator

    Cedars Workshop, Manchester, 25-26 February 2002


    Cedars metadata 31

    Cedars metadata (3)

    • Content Information

      • Representation Information

        • Structure Information (transforming Data Object into structured set of components)

          • Underlying Abstract Form description

          • Transformer Objects

          • Render/Analyse/Convert Objects

        • Semantic Information (mechanisms that allow the specific Data Object to be rendered)

          • Render/Analyse Objects

      • Data Object (preserved byte-stream)

    Cedars Workshop, Manchester, 25-26 February 2002


    Related work 1

    Related work (1)

    • National Library of Australia

      • PANDORA project (1996- )

      • Preservation metadata for digital collections (October 1999)

  • NEDLIB project

    • OAIS-based core metadata schema (2000)

  • OCLC and RLG

    • Preservation Metadata Working Group (2000- )

    • White paper (2001) + recommendations

  • Cedars Workshop, Manchester, 25-26 February 2002


    Related work 2

    Related work (2)

    • Digitisation initiatives

      • NISO Technical Metadata for Digital Still Images (draft, 2001)

      • Metadata Encoding & Transmission Standard (METS)

  • Recordkeeping metadata initiatives

    • Australian Recordkeeping Metadata Schema (RKMS)

    • Archiving Metadata Forum

  • Cedars Workshop, Manchester, 25-26 February 2002


    Acknowledgements

    Acknowledgements

    • UKOLN is funded by Resource: the Council for Museums, Archives and Libraries, the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) of the UK higher and further education funding councils, as well as by project funding from the JISC and the European Union. UKOLN also receives support from the University of Bath, where it is based.

    http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/

    Cedars Workshop, Manchester, 25-26 February 2002


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