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Historical landscape structures as an important part of rural tourism developement. Renáta Cihlárová. Technical university of Zvolen Faculty of ecology and environmental sciences Department of landscape planning and design. HARMONIC LANDSCAPE – atractivness for tourists.

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Historical landscape structures as an important part of rural tourism developement

Historicallandscapestructuresasanimportant part ofruraltourismdevelopement

Renáta Cihlárová

Technicaluniversityof Zvolen

Facultyofecology and environmentalsciences

Department oflandscapeplanning and design


HARMONIC

LANDSCAPE – atractivnessfortourists

“Landscape” means an area, as perceived by

people, whose character is the result of the action

and interaction of natural and/or human factors

/Europeanlandscapeconvention, Florence, 2000/

Naturalcharacteristics

Anthropicactivity



What are historical landscape structures
What are historicallandscapestructures?

  • part ofeverylandscape

  • culturalheritage

  • remnantsofthehistory /more than 50 years/

  • legibleasdominants or hiddenelementsoflandstructure


Historical agristructures
Historicalagristructures

  • Related to primarylandscapestructures

    anthroporelief /terraces/

  • Related to secondarylandscapestructures

    =shapes and arrangementoflandscapecover

    - /cropfields, pastures, dwelling/

  • Related to terciarylandscapestructures

    - socio-economicalrelations /trees, stonesas a boundarieselements /


WHAT IS TYPICAL ?

WHAT IS SPECIFIC ? – NON REPETETIVE

CHARACTERISTIC LANDSCAPE APPEARANCE

= atractivnessfortourists

EUROPEAN LANDSCAPE CONVENTION

Florence 2000, Slovakia 2005

Acknowledging that the quality and diversity ofEuropeanlandscapesconstitute a commonresource, and that it is important to co-operate towards itsprotection, management and planning


Identificationofinterestsareas

  • Criterias:

  • - dispersedsettlements

  • presenceofhistoricalagristructures

  • montanious and submontaniousareas


3

1

2

Panoráma č.1 Stanovište: Orná pôda pod lomom Dátum: 19.9.2007 Aspekt: Jesenný Smer pohľadu: S-V, Uhol pohľadu: 1450

Panoráma č.2 Stanovište: Orná pôda pod lomom Dátum: 19.9.2007 Aspekt: Jesenný Smer pohľadu: S-V, Uhol pohľadu: 1100

Panoráma č.3 Stanovište: Detva sídlisko 19.9.2007 Aspekt: Jesenný Smer pohľadu: J-Z-S , Uhol pohľadu:1450


Aerialprospection


Agrarianterraces in Petercovalocality


compactlinear type in agriculturalland

Agrostructures

typesrelated

to

thelandscape

type

fragmenteddifferentshaped in agriculturalland

isolatedlinear type in woodenland


REPRESENTATIVE patterns

uniquefeatures - characteristiclandscapeappearance

combinationofnaturalconditions, socio-economic and geopoliticfactors

Arrangementofagristructures, disperesedsettlements and non-forestwoodenspecies= patches – createlandscapepatterns

WHAT

IS

VALUABLE ?


landscapepatterns – rate oflandscapearrangement –

characteristiclandscapeapperance

Polygonallandscapepatternsaroundsettlements

Kysuce

linearterraces, on thehigherslope, specific in woodland / butdissapearing/

Ostrôžky

platedformswithperimeter

ofnon-forestwoodenspeciies

Biele Karpaty

UNIQUENESS


Identificationofcurrent status – levelofmaintenance

A –maintenanedstructures

occurenceofanthropicactivity, no succesion

B – maintenanedmodifiedstructures

anthropicactivityregression, structures are stillwelllegible, occurenceofsuccesionspecies< 25% /

Prunusspinosa, Rosa sp. , Juniperuscommunis

C – modifiedstructres

anthropicactivityfor no longertime, legibilityisdissapearing, succesionspecies> 25%

Corylusavellana


determinationofsignificantspecies


Combinationofhistoricagrostructurestypes and levelofmaintenance

Most representative:

linearhistoricagristructures in agriculturalland type, in thelevelofmaintenace B

/ regressionofhumanactivity, presenceoflegibilty and succesionunder 25 %/

= threatenedstructures


Reliefdissection

Aspect

Distancefromsettlement

Statisticswithotherlandcapeattributes

Slope


Mapofregulations

  • CRITERIAS ofpreserving/maintenanceareas

  • The most valuablepatchesin characteristiclandscapeappearance = attractivefortourists

  • Economicalfactor

    • levelofmaintenance

    • /level C isnotconsidered to bemanaged, becauseofanamountofenergyimported /

    • distancefromthesettlement

    • / more remotedstructuresare more difficultto maintenain/


7

Touristicpaths and trailsacrossthe most valuablehistoricallandscapewithpanoramaticviews


WHAT? WHERE? WHY?

HOW?

Agrotourismdevelopment–cooperationwithstakeholders and landowners

Nationalruraldevelopmentprogramme/2007- 2013/ – suppliesforfarmers in areaswithdisadvantagedcoditions

Nationallandscaperevitalisationprogrammeofintegratedriverbasinsmanagment/2011/

- Importanceofretaining, storing and drainingabilitiesofhistoricalagrostructures

According to Europeanlandscapeconvention/Florence 2000, Slovakia 2005/ protectionofcharacteristiclandscapefeatures

In slovaklaws – protection and maintenanceofsignificantlandscapeelements, landscapeappearance and scenery, characteristicviews, panoramas .....but no obligation to makecasestudies


Thankyouforyourattention!


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