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THE HEART TRUTH. Welcome!. What is motivating YOU to learn more about heart disease and stroke?. Today ’ s presentation. The Heart Truth What are heart disease and stroke? What are the warning signs? What are women ’ s risk factors? How can you reduce your risks?

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The heart truth

THE HEART TRUTH

Welcome!


The heart truth

What is motivating YOU to learn more about heart disease and stroke?


Today s presentation

Today’s presentation

  • The Heart Truth

  • What are heart disease and stroke?

  • What are the warning signs?

  • What are women’s risk factors?

  • How can you reduce your risks?

  • How to talk to your doctor


The heart and stroke foundation

The Heart and Stroke Foundation

  • Research

  • Healthy living promotion

  • Advocacy


The heart truth campaign

The Heart Truth campaign

  • Developed by the Heart and Stroke Foundation to:

    • Raise awareness

    • Encourage healthy lifestyle choices

    • Help women share the truth with others


Why the heart truth

Why The Heart Truth?

  • Heart disease and stroke

    • NOT just a “man’s disease”

    • Is a leading cause of death for women in Canada

    • Kills seven times more women than breast cancer

      BUT…many heart attacks and strokes can be prevented through lifestyle changes.


What is heart disease

What is heart disease?

  • Damage to the heart

  • Most common type is coronary artery disease

    • angina caused by reduced blood supply and oxygen to the heart

    • heart attack caused by reduction or stoppage of blood supply/oxygen


The heart truth

Do you know the warning signs of a heart attack?


Heart attack warning signs

Heart attack—warning signs

  • Chest discomfort - uncomfortable chest pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain, burning or heaviness

  • Discomfort in other areas - upper body: neck, jaw, shoulder, arms and back

  • Shortness of breath - difficulty breathing

  • Nausea - indigestion, vomiting

  • Sweating - cool, clammy skin

  • Light-headedness


What is stroke

What is stroke?

  • Damage to a part of the brain

    • Four out of five strokes are caused by reduced or stopped blood flow


The heart truth

Do you know the warning signs of a stroke?


Stroke warning signs

Stroke—warning signs

  • Weakness - Sudden loss of strength or sudden numbness in the face, arm or leg, even if temporary

  • Trouble speaking - Sudden difficulty speaking or understanding or sudden confusion, even if temporary

  • Vision problems - Sudden trouble with vision, even if temporary

  • Headache - Sudden severe and unusual headache

  • Dizziness - Sudden loss of balance, especially with any of the above signs


Risk factors

Risk factors

Heart disease and stroke share many risk factors.

RISKS YOU CAN’T CONTROL INCLUDE:

  • Family history

  • Ethnicity

  • Gender


Controllable risk factors

Controllable risk factors

Heart disease and stroke share many risk factors:

RISKS YOU CAN CONTROL INCLUDE:

  • Smoking

  • Obesity

  • Inactivity

  • Stress

  • Diabetes

  • High blood pressure

  • High cholesterol


Risk factors smoking

Risk factors—smoking

  • doubles the risk of stroke

  • reduces blood oxygen

  • blocks arteries


Risk factors smoking1

Risk factors—smoking

  • doubles the risk of stroke

  • reduces blood oxygen

  • blocks arteries

    One in four


Risk factors obesity

Risk factors—obesity

Obesity can lead to:

  • high cholesterol

  • high blood pressure

  • diabetes


Risk factors obesity1

Risk factors—obesity

Obesity can lead to:

  • high cholesterol

  • high blood pressure

  • Diabetes

    More than 50 per cent


Risk factors diabetes

Risk factors—diabetes

  • Three to seven times the risk of heart disease - four out of five people with diabetes die of heart disease

  • High risk of stroke

  • Greater risk for women than men


Risk factors diabetes1

Risk factors—diabetes

  • Three to seven times the risk of heart disease - four out of five people with diabetes die of heart disease

  • High risk of stroke

  • Greater risk for women than men

    Two million have diabetes

    One million have diabetes and don’t know it


Risk factors high blood pressure

Risk factors—high blood pressure

  • Leading cause of stroke

  • Increases heart disease risk up to four times


Risk factors high blood pressure1

Risk factors—high blood pressure

  • Leading cause of stroke

  • Increases heart disease risk up to four times

    One in five


Risk factors high cholesterol

Risk factors—high cholesterol

  • Increases risk of

    • narrowed arteries

    • blood clots

  • Invisible - no symptoms

  • Can indicate high triglycerides


Risk factors inactivity

Risk factors—inactivity

  • Increases heart disease risk twofold

  • Increasing activity levels reduces risk


Risk factors inactivity1

Risk factors—inactivity

  • Increases heart disease risk twofold

  • Increasing activity levels reduces risk

    Close to 50 per cent of Canadian women over age 12 are inactive


Risk factors stress

Risk factors—stress

  • May indicate higher cholesterol and blood pressure levels


Women s unique health issues

Women’s unique health issues

  • What kinds of additional risks do you think women may have for heart disease and stroke?


Women s unique health issues1

Women’s unique health issues

  • Menopause

  • Cholesterol/triglycerides

  • Hormone Replacement Therapy

  • Pregnancy

  • Oral contraceptives


Taking action

Taking action

Women are:

  • juggling multiple priorities

  • more likely to ignore symptoms of a heart attack or stroke

  • less likely to receive the same medical treatment as men


Taking action1

Taking action

What stops women from taking action to reduce their risks?


Taking action2

Taking action

What do you do to maintain your heart health?


Suggested steps

Suggested steps

  • Eat seven to eight servings of vegetables and fruit per day

  • Quit smoking - avoid second hand smoke

  • Get a minimum of 3 sessions of weight-bearing exercise plus 150 minutes of moderate to vigorous-intensity aerobic activity each week

  • Limit consumption of saturated and trans fats

  • Limit consumption of sodium to one teaspoon per day

  • Talk to your doctor


Taking action talking to your doctor

Taking action—talking to your doctor

  • MAKE THE TIME

  • Do it BEFORE you experience symptoms

  • Make a list of questions to ask (see handout)

  • Write down what your doctor says

  • Discuss genetic AND lifestyle factors

  • Ask your doctor what tests you need


Make a commitment to your heart health

Make a commitment to your heart health!


Make a commitment to your heart health1

Make a commitment to your heart health!

thehearttruth.ca

facebook.com/thehearttruth


Share the truth

Share the truth

The Heart Truth helps you share the truth with:

  • Interactive website: thehearttruth.ca

  • The Heart Truth Presentation Kit (like this one!)

  • The Heart Truth Viewing Party Kit

  • The Heart Truth Fashion Show Kit

  • Red Dress pin

  • Fundraising


The heart truth

SHARING THE TRUTH BRAINSTORM

  • Who could YOU share with?

  • What are YOUR networks?


You have the power

You have the power!

  • Heart disease and stroke prevention are up to you!

  • It’s time to make your heart health a priority!


Questions

Questions?


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