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THE HEART TRUTH. Welcome!. What is motivating YOU to learn more about heart disease and stroke?. Today ’ s presentation. The Heart Truth What are heart disease and stroke? What are the warning signs? What are women ’ s risk factors? How can you reduce your risks?

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The heart truth

THE HEART TRUTH

Welcome!


What is motivating YOU to learn more about heart disease and stroke?


Today s presentation
Today’s presentation

  • The Heart Truth

  • What are heart disease and stroke?

  • What are the warning signs?

  • What are women’s risk factors?

  • How can you reduce your risks?

  • How to talk to your doctor


The heart and stroke foundation
The Heart and Stroke Foundation

  • Research

  • Healthy living promotion

  • Advocacy


The heart truth campaign
The Heart Truth campaign

  • Developed by the Heart and Stroke Foundation to:

    • Raise awareness

    • Encourage healthy lifestyle choices

    • Help women share the truth with others


Why the heart truth
Why The Heart Truth?

  • Heart disease and stroke

    • NOT just a “man’s disease”

    • Is a leading cause of death for women in Canada

    • Kills seven times more women than breast cancer

      BUT…many heart attacks and strokes can be prevented through lifestyle changes.


What is heart disease
What is heart disease?

  • Damage to the heart

  • Most common type is coronary artery disease

    • angina caused by reduced blood supply and oxygen to the heart

    • heart attack caused by reduction or stoppage of blood supply/oxygen



Heart attack warning signs
Heart attack—warning signs

  • Chest discomfort - uncomfortable chest pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain, burning or heaviness

  • Discomfort in other areas - upper body: neck, jaw, shoulder, arms and back

  • Shortness of breath - difficulty breathing

  • Nausea - indigestion, vomiting

  • Sweating - cool, clammy skin

  • Light-headedness


What is stroke
What is stroke?

  • Damage to a part of the brain

    • Four out of five strokes are caused by reduced or stopped blood flow



Stroke warning signs
Stroke—warning signs

  • Weakness - Sudden loss of strength or sudden numbness in the face, arm or leg, even if temporary

  • Trouble speaking - Sudden difficulty speaking or understanding or sudden confusion, even if temporary

  • Vision problems - Sudden trouble with vision, even if temporary

  • Headache - Sudden severe and unusual headache

  • Dizziness - Sudden loss of balance, especially with any of the above signs


Risk factors
Risk factors

Heart disease and stroke share many risk factors.

RISKS YOU CAN’T CONTROL INCLUDE:

  • Family history

  • Ethnicity

  • Gender


Controllable risk factors
Controllable risk factors

Heart disease and stroke share many risk factors:

RISKS YOU CAN CONTROL INCLUDE:

  • Smoking

  • Obesity

  • Inactivity

  • Stress

  • Diabetes

  • High blood pressure

  • High cholesterol


Risk factors smoking
Risk factors—smoking

  • doubles the risk of stroke

  • reduces blood oxygen

  • blocks arteries


Risk factors smoking1
Risk factors—smoking

  • doubles the risk of stroke

  • reduces blood oxygen

  • blocks arteries

    One in four


Risk factors obesity
Risk factors—obesity

Obesity can lead to:

  • high cholesterol

  • high blood pressure

  • diabetes


Risk factors obesity1
Risk factors—obesity

Obesity can lead to:

  • high cholesterol

  • high blood pressure

  • Diabetes

    More than 50 per cent


Risk factors diabetes
Risk factors—diabetes

  • Three to seven times the risk of heart disease - four out of five people with diabetes die of heart disease

  • High risk of stroke

  • Greater risk for women than men


Risk factors diabetes1
Risk factors—diabetes

  • Three to seven times the risk of heart disease - four out of five people with diabetes die of heart disease

  • High risk of stroke

  • Greater risk for women than men

    Two million have diabetes

    One million have diabetes and don’t know it


Risk factors high blood pressure
Risk factors—high blood pressure

  • Leading cause of stroke

  • Increases heart disease risk up to four times


Risk factors high blood pressure1
Risk factors—high blood pressure

  • Leading cause of stroke

  • Increases heart disease risk up to four times

    One in five


Risk factors high cholesterol
Risk factors—high cholesterol

  • Increases risk of

    • narrowed arteries

    • blood clots

  • Invisible - no symptoms

  • Can indicate high triglycerides


Risk factors inactivity
Risk factors—inactivity

  • Increases heart disease risk twofold

  • Increasing activity levels reduces risk


Risk factors inactivity1
Risk factors—inactivity

  • Increases heart disease risk twofold

  • Increasing activity levels reduces risk

    Close to 50 per cent of Canadian women over age 12 are inactive


Risk factors stress
Risk factors—stress

  • May indicate higher cholesterol and blood pressure levels


Women s unique health issues
Women’s unique health issues

  • What kinds of additional risks do you think women may have for heart disease and stroke?


Women s unique health issues1
Women’s unique health issues

  • Menopause

  • Cholesterol/triglycerides

  • Hormone Replacement Therapy

  • Pregnancy

  • Oral contraceptives


Taking action
Taking action

Women are:

  • juggling multiple priorities

  • more likely to ignore symptoms of a heart attack or stroke

  • less likely to receive the same medical treatment as men


Taking action1
Taking action

What stops women from taking action to reduce their risks?


Taking action2
Taking action

What do you do to maintain your heart health?


Suggested steps
Suggested steps

  • Eat seven to eight servings of vegetables and fruit per day

  • Quit smoking - avoid second hand smoke

  • Get a minimum of 3 sessions of weight-bearing exercise plus 150 minutes of moderate to vigorous-intensity aerobic activity each week

  • Limit consumption of saturated and trans fats

  • Limit consumption of sodium to one teaspoon per day

  • Talk to your doctor


Taking action talking to your doctor
Taking action—talking to your doctor

  • MAKE THE TIME

  • Do it BEFORE you experience symptoms

  • Make a list of questions to ask (see handout)

  • Write down what your doctor says

  • Discuss genetic AND lifestyle factors

  • Ask your doctor what tests you need



Make a commitment to your heart health1
Make a commitment to your heart health!

thehearttruth.ca

facebook.com/thehearttruth


Share the truth
Share the truth

The Heart Truth helps you share the truth with:

  • Interactive website: thehearttruth.ca

  • The Heart Truth Presentation Kit (like this one!)

  • The Heart Truth Viewing Party Kit

  • The Heart Truth Fashion Show Kit

  • Red Dress pin

  • Fundraising


SHARING THE TRUTH BRAINSTORM

  • Who could YOU share with?

  • What are YOUR networks?


You have the power
You have the power!

  • Heart disease and stroke prevention are up to you!

  • It’s time to make your heart health a priority!



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