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THE HEART TRUTH. Welcome!. What is motivating YOU to learn more about heart disease and stroke?. Today ’ s presentation. The Heart Truth What are heart disease and stroke? What are the warning signs? What are women ’ s risk factors? How can you reduce your risks?

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THE HEART TRUTH

Welcome!


What is motivating YOU to learn more about heart disease and stroke?


Today’s presentation

  • The Heart Truth

  • What are heart disease and stroke?

  • What are the warning signs?

  • What are women’s risk factors?

  • How can you reduce your risks?

  • How to talk to your doctor


The Heart and Stroke Foundation

  • Research

  • Healthy living promotion

  • Advocacy


The Heart Truth campaign

  • Developed by the Heart and Stroke Foundation to:

    • Raise awareness

    • Encourage healthy lifestyle choices

    • Help women share the truth with others


Why The Heart Truth?

  • Heart disease and stroke

    • NOT just a “man’s disease”

    • Is a leading cause of death for women in Canada

    • Kills seven times more women than breast cancer

      BUT…many heart attacks and strokes can be prevented through lifestyle changes.


What is heart disease?

  • Damage to the heart

  • Most common type is coronary artery disease

    • angina caused by reduced blood supply and oxygen to the heart

    • heart attack caused by reduction or stoppage of blood supply/oxygen


Do you know the warning signs of a heart attack?


Heart attack—warning signs

  • Chest discomfort - uncomfortable chest pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain, burning or heaviness

  • Discomfort in other areas - upper body: neck, jaw, shoulder, arms and back

  • Shortness of breath - difficulty breathing

  • Nausea - indigestion, vomiting

  • Sweating - cool, clammy skin

  • Light-headedness


What is stroke?

  • Damage to a part of the brain

    • Four out of five strokes are caused by reduced or stopped blood flow


Do you know the warning signs of a stroke?


Stroke—warning signs

  • Weakness - Sudden loss of strength or sudden numbness in the face, arm or leg, even if temporary

  • Trouble speaking - Sudden difficulty speaking or understanding or sudden confusion, even if temporary

  • Vision problems - Sudden trouble with vision, even if temporary

  • Headache - Sudden severe and unusual headache

  • Dizziness - Sudden loss of balance, especially with any of the above signs


Risk factors

Heart disease and stroke share many risk factors.

RISKS YOU CAN’T CONTROL INCLUDE:

  • Family history

  • Ethnicity

  • Gender


Controllable risk factors

Heart disease and stroke share many risk factors:

RISKS YOU CAN CONTROL INCLUDE:

  • Smoking

  • Obesity

  • Inactivity

  • Stress

  • Diabetes

  • High blood pressure

  • High cholesterol


Risk factors—smoking

  • doubles the risk of stroke

  • reduces blood oxygen

  • blocks arteries


Risk factors—smoking

  • doubles the risk of stroke

  • reduces blood oxygen

  • blocks arteries

    One in four


Risk factors—obesity

Obesity can lead to:

  • high cholesterol

  • high blood pressure

  • diabetes


Risk factors—obesity

Obesity can lead to:

  • high cholesterol

  • high blood pressure

  • Diabetes

    More than 50 per cent


Risk factors—diabetes

  • Three to seven times the risk of heart disease - four out of five people with diabetes die of heart disease

  • High risk of stroke

  • Greater risk for women than men


Risk factors—diabetes

  • Three to seven times the risk of heart disease - four out of five people with diabetes die of heart disease

  • High risk of stroke

  • Greater risk for women than men

    Two million have diabetes

    One million have diabetes and don’t know it


Risk factors—high blood pressure

  • Leading cause of stroke

  • Increases heart disease risk up to four times


Risk factors—high blood pressure

  • Leading cause of stroke

  • Increases heart disease risk up to four times

    One in five


Risk factors—high cholesterol

  • Increases risk of

    • narrowed arteries

    • blood clots

  • Invisible - no symptoms

  • Can indicate high triglycerides


Risk factors—inactivity

  • Increases heart disease risk twofold

  • Increasing activity levels reduces risk


Risk factors—inactivity

  • Increases heart disease risk twofold

  • Increasing activity levels reduces risk

    Close to 50 per cent of Canadian women over age 12 are inactive


Risk factors—stress

  • May indicate higher cholesterol and blood pressure levels


Women’s unique health issues

  • What kinds of additional risks do you think women may have for heart disease and stroke?


Women’s unique health issues

  • Menopause

  • Cholesterol/triglycerides

  • Hormone Replacement Therapy

  • Pregnancy

  • Oral contraceptives


Taking action

Women are:

  • juggling multiple priorities

  • more likely to ignore symptoms of a heart attack or stroke

  • less likely to receive the same medical treatment as men


Taking action

What stops women from taking action to reduce their risks?


Taking action

What do you do to maintain your heart health?


Suggested steps

  • Eat seven to eight servings of vegetables and fruit per day

  • Quit smoking - avoid second hand smoke

  • Get a minimum of 3 sessions of weight-bearing exercise plus 150 minutes of moderate to vigorous-intensity aerobic activity each week

  • Limit consumption of saturated and trans fats

  • Limit consumption of sodium to one teaspoon per day

  • Talk to your doctor


Taking action—talking to your doctor

  • MAKE THE TIME

  • Do it BEFORE you experience symptoms

  • Make a list of questions to ask (see handout)

  • Write down what your doctor says

  • Discuss genetic AND lifestyle factors

  • Ask your doctor what tests you need


Make a commitment to your heart health!


Make a commitment to your heart health!

thehearttruth.ca

facebook.com/thehearttruth


Share the truth

The Heart Truth helps you share the truth with:

  • Interactive website: thehearttruth.ca

  • The Heart Truth Presentation Kit (like this one!)

  • The Heart Truth Viewing Party Kit

  • The Heart Truth Fashion Show Kit

  • Red Dress pin

  • Fundraising


SHARING THE TRUTH BRAINSTORM

  • Who could YOU share with?

  • What are YOUR networks?


You have the power!

  • Heart disease and stroke prevention are up to you!

  • It’s time to make your heart health a priority!


Questions?


  • Login