America enters a new century
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America Enters a New Century. Chapter 21 - Section 4 & 5. The Big Idea.

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America Enters a New Century

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America enters a new century

America Enters a New Century

  • Chapter 21 - Section 4 & 5


The big idea

The Big Idea

  • In the Presidential election of 2000, George W. Bush faced off with Vice President Al Gore and the Green Party candidate Ralph Nader. The close election results in Florida led to a Supreme Court Decision over a recount. While Gore won the “Popular” vote, Bush became president based on Electoral votes. Bush focused on cutting taxes and introducing healthcare and education reforms. In addition, Bush looked to improve the military for the post “Cold War” world.


A new president a new century

A New President & a New Century

  • 2000 Campaign

    • Rep. - George W. Bush

      • V.P. Richard Cheney (Former Sec. of Defense

    • Dem. - VP. Al Gore

      • V.P. Joe Liberman (Critical of Clintons Actions in WH)


Green party

Green Party

  • Green Party- Ralph Nader

  • Critical of govt & power of corporations

  • Only received 3% of vote


Platforms

Platforms

  • Both Candidates - Similar Political Platforms

  • Gore:

    • Cut taxes, set funds aside for social sec., improve education,

    • Bush:

    • Bigger tax cuts, improve education, social sec., restore dignity to the White House


  • Close vote

    Close Vote

    • Popular Vote=

      • Bush 47.9% - 50,456,002 Votes

      • Gore 48.4% - 50,999,897 Votes

      • Nader 3% - 2,882,995 Votes

      • No one had the required 270 Electoral votes (Both had 245)


    Election history

    Election HIstory

    • 1880 - Garfield v. Hancock - Closest Election by Popular Vote - 7,018

    • 1960 - Nixon v. Kennedy - 2nd Pop. Vote - 102,827 votes

    • 2000 - (Modern Era) Closest Electoral Votes 271 - 266


    Florida recount

    Florida Recount

    • Results Very Close - Florida State law required a recount

    • Many ballots thrown out / machines not able to read them correctly “Hanging Chad”

    • Machine poll showed Bush leading


    Ballot problem

    Ballot Problem


    Ballot confusion

    Ballot Confusion


    Bush v gore

    Bush v. Gore

    • Concern - Recount would not finish by Florida deadline (Dec. 7 - Electoral College Votes) - Gore went to S.C. to set a new deadline

    • Bush appealed to U.S. S.C.


    Bush v gore1

    Bush v. Gore

    • Florida Courts ordered “Manual” recount of rejected ballots

    • U.S.S.C in 7-2 vote - overruled Florida / required recount to stop

    • S.C. decision - Hand recount violated the “Equal Protection Clause of Constitution”


    S c ruling

    S.C. Ruling

    • Different counters - different standards, not all votes treated / processes the same / equally

    • Not enough time for manual recount

    • If Florida missed deadline - Gore would be the winner

    • Ruling = Florida Declared Bush Winner by 537 Votes


    Bush as president

    Bush as President

    • Economy falling / high unemployment

    • Cut taxes to boost economy / Issued Rebate checks to stimulate economy

    • Education - “No Child Left Behind”

    • Increased Military spending - Develop “Strategic Defense” Missile Systems - Small military forces & Superior Air Power


    War on terrorism

    War on Terrorism

    • Ch.21 - Sec. 5


    Sept 11 2001

    Sept. 11, 2001


    9 11 aftermath

    9/11 Aftermath

    • Biggest Terrorist Attack in U.S. History

    • 266 passengers killed

    • 125 people in Pentagon

    • About 3000 people died

    • More than Pearl Harbor or D-Day


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