Structured oral language practice routines and persistent errors
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Structured oral language practice routines and Persistent Errors. Kathy Gaitán and Justin Johnson. Structured oral language practice routines. Persistent Errors. Present Perfect. Conditional Perfect. Reflexive Pronouns. AZAR WEB PAGE (everything you wanted to know about g rammar).

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Structured oral language practice routines and persistent errors

Structured oral language practice routinesand Persistent Errors

Kathy Gaitán and Justin Johnson


Structured oral language practice routines and persistent errors

Structured oral language practice routines

Persistent Errors

Present Perfect

Conditional Perfect

Reflexive Pronouns


Azar web page everything you wanted to know about g rammar

AZAR WEB PAGE(everything you wanted to know about grammar)

http://www.azargrammar.com/materials/index.html


Present perfect 3 2 in adept

Present Perfect (3.2 in ADEPT)

What is the boy going to do?

Kick the ball.

Why is it still on the ground?

Hehasn’tkickedit yet.


Structured oral language practice routines and persistent errors

CONTENTS

Review

4-1 Past participle

4-2 Present perfect with since and for

4-3 Negatives, questions, and short answer forms

4-4 Present perfect with unspecified time

4-5 Simple past vs. present perfect

4-6 Present perfect progressive

4-7 Present perfect progressive vs. present perfect

4-8 Past perfect


Structured oral language practice routines and persistent errors

Auxiliary Verb when using Present Perfect

I have

You have

She, He, It has

We have

They have

been herefor a week.

STATEMENT:have / has + past participle


Structured oral language practice routines and persistent errors

SIMPLE PAST vs. PRESENT PERFECT

I had an angel fish

when I was a child.

I have had many other

fish since then.


Structured oral language practice routines and persistent errors

SIMPLE PAST vs. PRESENT PERFECT

SIMPLE PAST

(a) They completed the game at 4:00.

specific time

PRESENT PERFECT

(b) They have already completed the game.

unspecified time


Structured oral language practice routines and persistent errors

SIMPLE PAST vs. PRESENT PERFECT

SIMPLE PAST

(c) I was in Nigeria when I was five years old.

specific time

PRESENT PERFECT

(d) I have been to Nigeria three times.

unspecified time


Structured oral language practice routines and persistent errors

SIMPLE PAST vs. PRESENT PERFECT

SIMPLE PAST

(e) Jack camped in France for 9 days.

for activity began & ended in past

PRESENT PERFECT

(f) Eli has been camping since last Monday.

(f) Eli has been camping for 9 days.

for / since activity began & continues


Structured oral language practice routines and persistent errors

Let’s Practice

?

SPECIFIED

UNSPECIFIED TIME

OR

We have been to Tokyo

many times.

PRESENTPERFECT

UNSPECIFIED


Structured oral language practice routines and persistent errors

Let’s Practice

?

SPECIFIED

UNSPECIFIED TIME

OR

Barry has never been to Tokyo.

PRESENT

PERFECT

UNSPECIFIED


Structured oral language practice routines and persistent errors

Let’s Practice

?

SPECIFIED

UNSPECIFIED TIME

OR

Gina went to Tokyo

last month.

SPECIFIED

SIMPLE PAST


Structured oral language practice routines and persistent errors

CONTENTS

Review

4-1 Past participle

4-2 Present perfect with since and for

4-3 Negatives, questions, and short answer forms

4-4 Present perfect with unspecified time

4-5 Simple past vs. present perfect

4-6 Present perfect progressive

4-7 Present perfect progressive vs. present perfect

4-8 Past perfect


Lines of communication with question cards

Lines of Communication with Question Cards

Who have you _____ (know) since you were in kindergarten?

1-line up

2-fold the line in half

3-find a partner across from you

4-identify who is A & B

5-As ask their question, Bs respond

6-Bs ask question, As respond

7-Person at end of Line A moves to the front at signal

8-Ask and answer questions with your new partner

9-This routine encourages use of target language many times.

How many times have you ______ (go) to the bathroom today?


Reflexive pronouns 4 1 4 2

Reflexive Pronouns (4.1 & 4.2)

Themselves.

Who are they looking at?

Theirselves.

Them.

Theirself.

Eachother.


Reflexive pronouns

Reflexive Pronouns

http://www.azargrammar.com/materials/index.html

(Under Chapter 6 Nouns and Pronouns)


Structured oral language practice routines and persistent errors

They can see themselves

in the water.


Structured oral language practice routines and persistent errors

subject & object are same person


Structured oral language practice routines and persistent errors

Angela is lonely when she eats out byherself.

Sometimes I enjoy eating by myself.

by + reflexive pronoun = alone


Structured oral language practice routines and persistent errors

Angela usually enjoys herself.

enjoy (and other verbs) reflexive pronoun

pinch yourself

be proud of yourself

teach yourself

scratch yourself

help yourself

blame yourself


Gameboards and spinners

Gameboards and Spinners

Instructions:

1 - Spin the pronoun spinner and use the reflexive pronoun cards to complete the sentence frames.

2 – Roll the dice and move accordingly.


Aspect of speech spinners

Aspect of Speech Spinners

  • Verb Tenses

  • Adverbs of Frequency

  • Subject Pronouns

  • Your Choice


Conditional perfect 4 6 4 7

Conditional Perfect (4.6 & 4.7)

They would get mad.

What would have happened if some people had been sitting there?

They would have gotten mad.


Conditional perfect untrue in the past

Conditional Perfect Untrue in the Past

If I had had enough time, I would have watched TV yesterday.

Did I have enough time? No but…

If I had had enough time

If clause= past perfect (had + past participle)

I would have watched TV yesterday.

Result clause=would have + past participle


Structured oral language practice routines and persistent errors

If you had told me about the problem, I would have helped you.

Did you tell me about the problem? Nope.

But….

If you had told me about the problem

If clause= past perfect (had + past participle)

I would have helped you.

Result clause=would have + past participle


Untrue in the past checking for understanding

Untrue in the Past Checking for Understanding

If the weather had been good yesterday,

we would have cancelled the picnic.

  • Was the picnic cancelled? _______

  • Was the weather good? ______

    Ann would have made it to class on time this morning if the bus hadn’t been late.

  • Did Ann try to make it to class on time? _____

  • Did Ann make it to class on time? _____

  • Was the bus late? ____


Conditional perfect sorting activity

Conditional Perfect Sorting Activity


Wrap up

Wrap Up

  • Explicitly teaching the forms is important

  • English grammar is complicated so we should be aware of it’s complexities

  • AZAR has many grammar lessons available

  • Level 3s and 4s plateau partly because of the persistent errors we practiced today

  • Just teaching grammar isn’t the answer, attaching it to a purpose with instructional routines can make the language stick

  • Here are some resources to take back to your classes

  • Lets make it fun!

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