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The Catholic Worker News Paper and the Beginning of Catholic Social Teaching PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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The Catholic Worker News Paper and the Beginning of Catholic Social Teaching. Catholic Social Teaching. The call of the popes and bishops for people to let the reign of God’s love shape their world.

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The Catholic Worker News Paper and the Beginning of Catholic Social Teaching

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The catholic worker news paper and the beginning of catholic social teaching

The Catholic Worker News Paper and the Beginning of Catholic Social Teaching


Catholic social teaching

Catholic Social Teaching

  • The call of the popes and bishops for people to let the reign of God’s love shape their world.

  • The Catholic Church is called to bring Christ’s saving presence into the world so that all people may be transformed by his love.

  • Serves as a bridge, applying timeless truths of the scriptures (bible) and Church Tradition to the new and complex social situations of the modern world.

  • Teaching that examines human society in light of the Gospel and Church Tradition.


Signs of the times

Signs of the Times

  • Catholic social teaching flows out of an interpretation of the realities faced by people in the modern world.

    • Religious, political, cultural and economic factors that shape society.

  • 19th Century (1800s): Events in Europe first sparked the Catholic social teaching tradition.

    • 1891 Pope Leo XIII issued the encyclical (Church document) On the Condition of Laboror Rerum Novarumin Latin.

      • Response to the social situation brought about by:

        • The Enlightenment

        • The Industrial Revolution

        • Capitalism

        • Marxism


Basic concerns of rerum novarum

Basic Concerns of Rerum Novarum

  • The suffering of people

  • Cooperation between groups

  • The dignity of work

  • The role of the state

    • These continue to be major themes of Catholic social teaching.


Enlightenment

Enlightenment

  • Principles of the Enlightenment:

    • Reason (man’s capacity to think)

    • Science (Discovery of truths of the universe)

    • Individual rights

    • Equality

    • Freedom


Industrial revolution

Industrial Revolution

  • Shift from farming and craft trade economy to a factory based economy

    • Mass production

    • Factory owners and factory workers

  • Capital

    • Means of mass production of goods

    • Those who owned these got wealthier

    • People sold their labor or time (normally for little pay)

    • Filthy and dangerous conditions

  • Capitalism

    • System where the few owned the means of production for their own profit

    • Workers sold their labor in order to work


Marxism

Marxism

  • Socialism

    • Called for distributing wealth according to need

      • Not ownership of capital and profit

    • Karl Marx

      • German philosopher wrote

        • The Communist Manifesto (1848)

        • Capital (1867)

        • Critique of Capitalism

        • Masses would rise up and overthrow the capitalist class, abolish private property and create a socialist state.

        • Socialism would lead to communism

          • Communism: an ideal and equitable society in which government and laws would be unnecessary.

      • Marx’s atheistic theory later called Marxism

        • Model of social change where the lower class revolt against the upper class


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