Announcing war in the americas
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Announcing War in the Americas! PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Announcing War in the Americas!. The first 4 World Wars. King William’s War (1689-1697) Queen Anne’s War (1702-1713) King George’s War (1744-1748) French & Indian War (1754-1763 ). The Most France Ever Had. Louis XIV takes interest in the Americas

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Announcing War in the Americas!

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Announcing War in the Americas!

The first 4 World Wars

  • King William’s War (1689-1697)

  • Queen Anne’s War (1702-1713)

  • King George’s War (1744-1748)

  • French & Indian War (1754-1763)

The Most France Ever Had

  • Louis XIV takes interest in the Americas

  • One year after Jamestown Quebec established

  • New France – Friendly relations with Huron Indians

  • Iroquois didn’t like the French

France begins to stretch

  • Hunting Beaver for fur

  • Recruited Indians to hunt

    • Indians died of disease

    • Beavers over hunted

  • French Catholic missionaries tried to convert Natives

France begins to stretch

  • Detroit founded to keep English out of Ohio Valley

  • De La Salle founded Louisiana in 1682 to keep Spanish out of Gulf of Mexico **

King William’s & Queen Anne’s War – 2 different events

  • English colonists fought the French coureurs de bois beaver hunters) and the Indians

Video: King William’s War

King William’s & Queen Anne’s War – 2 different events

  • The peace deal in Utrecht in 1713 gave Acadia, Newfoundland, and Hudson Bay to England

Video: Queen Anne’s War

British Territory after Two Wars, 1713

War of Jenkin’s Ear

  • British Captain caught smuggling by Spanish

  • Spanish cut off his ear and sent him home to the King

  • War broke out in 1739 between British and Spanish

  • Confined to Caribbean

Turns into War of Austrian Succession in Europe

  • Called King George’s War in the colonies

  • France allied w/Spain

  • Peace terms gave Louisbourgback to France

Video: King George’s War

North America before 1754

George Washington Starts a war

  • The Ohio Valley – battleground for Spanish, British, and French

  • Virginia Gov. sends 21 year old Washington with 150 minutemen

    • Lt. Col. Washington encounters French and troops kill French leader at Fort Duquesne

    • French return and surround Washington at Fort Necessity – surrenders after 10 hours

    • Left with men

Global War and Colonial Disunity

  • War #4 starts in America instead of Europe

  • The Seven Year’s War in Europe and the French and Indian War in the colonies

  • England & Prussia against France, Spain, Austria and Russia

  • Frederick the Great defeats the French, Austrian, and Russian armies

Albany Congress

  • Franklin’s idea that the Colonies should unite in common defense

  • Keep Iroquois loyal to Britain

  • The Albany Congress was before it’s time and failed. The colonies were not yet ready for unity

Colonial Disunity turns into Unity

  • This was created before the ill fated Albany Congress

Join or Die Cartoon

  • The first cartoon appeared in Ben Franklin's newspaper The Pennsylvania Gazette on May 9, 1754.

  • It appeared as part of an editorial by Franklin commenting on 'the present disunited state of the British Colonies.'

Join or Die Cartoon

  • The woodcut drawing entitled 'Join or Die' pictures a divided snake in eight pieces representing as many colonial governments.

  • The drawing was based on the popular superstition that a snake that had been cut in two would come to life if the pieces were joined before sunset.

Join or Die

Braddock’s Blundering

  • Braddock sent to lead inexperienced colonial soldiers to capture Ft. Dequesne

  • Lt. Col. Washington was in the battle

  • Braddock was killed

  • Results: Indians felt confident and waged war from North Carolina to Pennsylvania

  • British met with defeat after defeat

Pitt’s Victory

  • The “Great Commoner” took control

  • Took troop strength away from West Indies and focused on Montreal and Quebec

  • 1758 Louisbourg fell

Wolfe Vs Montcalm

  • Battle of Quebec 1759 – most significant battle. Wolfe defeated Montcalm and he was killed

  • French kicked out of Canada

French and Indian War Recap

Video: French and Indian War

Treaty of Paris-1763

  • Britain got all of Canada

  • French kept sugar islands in West Indies

  • Inlets in Gulf of St. Lawrence

  • Louisiana turned over to Spain to pay for Spain’s losses in the war

North America after 1763

British Policy created their GREAT adversary

  • British refused to recognize any American officers above the rank of Captain

  • Washington got very angry! His greatest dream was to be a British officers

  • He resigned in a fit

  • Boy was this a mistake on Britain's part!

Long lasting effects

  • Americans from different parts of the colonies found common ground; barriers of disunity began to melt away. They were finally ready for Franklin’s idea

  • Colonist were not less dependent on Britain

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