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From the Clinic to the Community: the role of Public Health Institutes in modeling the expansion of the Community Health Workforce. 21-1094 Community Health Workers.

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From the Clinic to the Community: the role of Public Health Institutes in modeling the expansion of the Community Health Workforce


21 1094 community health workers
21-1094 Community Health Workers

  • Assist individuals and communities to adopt healthy behaviors. Conduct outreach for medical personnel or health organizations to implement programs in the community that promote, maintain, and improve individual and community health. May provide information on available resources, provide social support and informal counseling, advocate for individuals and community health needs, and provide services such as first aid and blood pressure screening. May collect data to help identify community health needs. Excludes "Health Educators" (21-1091)

    United States Department of Labor


Chws in the health system
CHWs in the Health System

  • Increase the reach of the health system

  • Allow clients to receive more in-depth services

  • Increase the diversity of providers

  • Allow for the rapid expansion of the health workforce

  • Increase access to the health system for clients

  • Improve the cultural competence/cultural humility of providers (clinicians, nurses etc)

  • Train clients to better understand the health system and become self advocates


The environment the opportunity
The Environment – The Opportunity

  • Washington, DC: An estimated 89- 94% of persons were insured

    • Yet 46% of people living with HIV had not received medical care in the last 12 months

  • CHWs worked in silos

    • No standardized training

    • Limited coordination across agencies

  • Disconnect between CBOs and Medical providers

  • Low health literacy

  • Clinicians and case managers have high caseloads and limited time

  • Lack of comfort and understanding about the role of the CHW and the Affordable Care Act


Formative research community assessment
Formative Research & Community Assessment

  • At the beginning of this process we engaged in necessary conversations with providers, clinicians and stakeholders across the community

  • This engagement is continuous throughout the implementation of these CHW programs.


Overview timeline of iphi s funded chw initiatives
Overview & Timeline of IPHi’s Funded CHW Initiatives

  • March 2011: Positive Pathways (Washington, DC)- HIV Linkage to Care

  • Summer 2011: Co-Convened the Community Health Worker Professional Network of DC

  • January 2012: Northern Virginia Early Intervention Services Project

  • May 2012: Virginia Department of Health Prevention For Positives

  • September 2012: Community Transformation Grant


Overview timeline of iphi s funded chw initiatives1
Overview & Timeline of IPHi’s Funded CHW Initiatives

  • January 2013: Kaiser Permanente Testing & Linkage to Care Initiative (Prince George’s County)

  • February 2013: AIDS United Retention in Care Initiative (Prince George’s County)

  • May 2013: George Washington University Heart Failure Initiative

  • June 2013: DC Community Transformation Grant – addressing chronic disease self management through CHWs

  • June 2013: VDH CAPUS CHW Training


The approach
The Approach

  • FT and PT Community Health Workers placed across clinical and community settings

  • Consistent training across sites

  • Systematized use of peers across the DC, MD, and VA region

    • Multi-cultural team of CHWs working across populations

    • Strategic placement of peers to reduce gaps in coverage


Building knowledge and awareness about chws
Building Knowledge and Awareness about CHWs

  • Creating a brand/standard for CHWs in the region

Doctor

Nurses

Social Worker

Mental Health

CHW


Convening
Convening

  • Ongoing training of partner sites

  • Discuss challenges and successes

  • Share best practices for

    • CHW supervision

    • Linkage to medical care

    • Retention of clients in medical care

  • Solicit advice on ongoing training of CHWs

  • Present monthly project data

  • Quality management


Training capacity building
Training & Capacity Building

  • Trained nearly 100 CHWs since March 2011

  • Developed our own CHW training program which consists of over 200 training hours over a one-year period, beginning with an initial 80-hour intensive course

  • Implemented ongoing training series for CHW supervisors as well as training for clinical and community based care team members on effective integration of CHWs

  • Designing tailored trainings for FQHCs and Hospitals on the role of CHWs in Patient Centered Medical Homes

  • Provide ongoing capacity building and technical assistance for partners


Recruitment retention
Recruitment & Retention

  • Provide support to organizations with recruitment of CHWs.

    • Design of standard job descriptions

    • Guidance on recruitment pools

    • Standardized interview tools/ guides

  • Along with providing advice and opportunity for CHW personal and professional development, Sites require ongoing support on supervision and retention of CHWs.


Model development implementation
Model Development &Implementation

  • Selection or design of relevant effective CHW Program models and implementing the models for diverse sites

    • Managed Care organizations

    • Hospitals

    • FQHCs with multiple clinical sites

    • Community Based Organizations

    • Health Departments

  • Designing policies and procedures

  • Sharing best practices


Building models for data collection and assessment
Building Models for Data Collection and Assessment

  • Using new technology and innovation to support data collection in the field

  • Using program models to design effective data collection systems

  • Designing program evaluation to capture essential elements of CHW programs including CHW skills, site knowledge and skills, client and community level health outcomes

  • Working across sites to facilitate data sharing. Data system and information sharing barriers (e.g., verifying whether clients are truly out of care)


Attracting funding to the region
Attracting Funding to the Region

  • Since the beginning of our work in 2011 funding for programming has grown three fold and opportunities for funding continue to be presented.


Sustainability
Sustainability

  • Critical role of IPHi is to work with all partners to ensure sustainability of this role in the health and public health workforce

  • Supporting the culture at agencies, FQHCs, Hospitals, health departments, to value this role and integrate the role into their policies and procedures

  • Convening and engaging in regional dialogues to move certification and sustainable financing for this job class.

  • Co-convening CHW networks to foster networking, professional development, collaboration and engagement in the advocacy process


Workforce development
Workforce Development

  • Creating a pipeline for training and employment for peers across the region

  • Working with trainers in the community and across academic institutions to facilitate continuing education and other academic opportunities


Dissemination
Dissemination

  • Documentation of process and outcomes

  • Supporting organizations with research and quality evaluation

  • Dissemination of lessons learned across the network and nationally

  • Serving as a clearinghouse for best practices for organizations across the region.


New opportunities for phis
New Opportunities for PHIs

  • Health Enterprise Zones

  • Patient Centered Medical Homes

  • Community Transformation

  • CMS Innovations

  • Knowledge of and engagement in these opportunities is essential to ensure an equitable health system.


Contact information
Contact Information

Contact information:

Abby Charles, Program Manager

Institute for Public Health Innovation

tel. 202-407-7088, ext. 1016

[email protected]

Courtney Coffey, Program Associate

Institute for Public Health Innovation

Tel. 202-407-7088, ext 1030

[email protected]

www.institutephi.org


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