Sonnets. The Sonnet is one of the most popular and well-known poetic forms. Dating as far back as the middle Ages , it has undergone several permutations of structure and use, evolving into the several variations of form and themes we have today. Origins.
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The Sonnet is one of the most popular and well-known poetic forms. Dating as far back as the middle Ages, it has undergone several permutations of structure and use, evolving into the several variations of form and themes we have today.
The sonnet is believed to come from medieval songs.
* Iambic Pentameter
* static rhyme scheme
Although love is the overarching theme of the sonnets, there are three specific underlying themes:
the brevity of life
the transience of beauty
the trappings of desire
Structure: Rhymes abbaabba cdecde using an octave and a sestet.
Structure: Three quatrains and a couplet.
The rhyme scheme is
abab cdcd efef gg
SpenserianStructure: Rhymes abab bcbc cdcd ee
First known Englishman to use the Italian sonnet form
Sir Tomas Wyatt: 1503-1542
The Italian sonnet is commonly is made up of two quatrains (or octave), followed by two tercets (or sestet).
The two quatrains usually runs: ABBA-ABBA, or ABAB-BABA, while the second half was either divided into a sestet of CDC-CDC, or a two tercets of CDE-CDE.
Wrote 154 sonnets
William Shakespeare 1564-1616
The Shakespearean sonnet is broken down into 3 quatrains and 1 couplet.
The rhyme scheme usually runs: ABAB-CDCD-EFEF-gg
Better-known for authoring 'The Book of the
Faerie Queen', a poetical allegory
Edmund Spenser: 1552-1599
Edmund Spenser divided his sonnets into three quatrains and a couplet
Rhyme Scheme: ABAB-BCBC-CDCD-ee