Sonnets
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Sonnets PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Sonnets. The Sonnet is one of the most popular and well-known poetic forms. Dating as far back as the middle Ages , it has undergone several permutations of structure and use, evolving into the several variations of form and themes we have today. Origins.

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Sonnets

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Sonnets

The Sonnet is one of the most popular and well-known poetic forms. Dating as far back as the middle Ages, it has undergone several permutations of structure and use, evolving into the several variations of form and themes we have today.


Origins

The sonnet is believed to come from medieval songs.


Structure

14 lines

* Iambic Pentameter

* static rhyme scheme


Common Themes

Although love is the overarching theme of the sonnets, there are three specific underlying themes:

the brevity of life

the transience of beauty

the trappings of desire


Types

Italian (Petrarchan)

Structure: Rhymes abbaabba cdecde using an octave and a sestet.

Elizabethan (Shakesperean)

Structure: Three quatrains and a couplet.

The rhyme scheme is

abab cdcd efef gg

SpenserianStructure: Rhymes abab bcbc cdcd ee


First known Englishman to use the Italian sonnet form

Sir Tomas Wyatt: 1503-1542

The Italian sonnet is commonly is made up of two quatrains (or octave), followed by two tercets (or sestet).

Rhyme Scheme:

The two quatrains usually runs: ABBA-ABBA, or ABAB-BABA, while the second half was either divided into a sestet of CDC-CDC, or a two tercets of CDE-CDE.


Wrote 154 sonnets

William Shakespeare 1564-1616

The Shakespearean sonnet is broken down into 3 quatrains and 1 couplet.

Rhyme Scheme:

The rhyme scheme usually runs: ABAB-CDCD-EFEF-gg


Better-known for authoring 'The Book of the

Faerie Queen', a poetical allegory

Edmund Spenser: 1552-1599

Edmund Spenser divided his sonnets into three quatrains and a couplet

Rhyme Scheme: ABAB-BCBC-CDCD-ee


The End


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