Agaric diversity in the great smoky mountains national park
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All Taxon Biodiversity Inventory . Fungi. Great Smoky Mountains National Park. ATBI. AGARIC DIVERSITY IN THE GREAT SMOKY MOUNTAINS NATIONAL PARK. PART OF THE GSMNP ALL TAXA BIODIVERSITY INVENTORY (ATBI). PROJECT GOALS Three years of collections by experts in various groups of agaric fungi

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AGARIC DIVERSITY IN THE GREAT SMOKY MOUNTAINS NATIONAL PARK

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Agaric diversity in the great smoky mountains national park

All Taxon Biodiversity Inventory . Fungi

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

ATBI

AGARIC DIVERSITY IN THE GREAT SMOKY MOUNTAINS NATIONAL PARK

PART OF THE GSMNP ALL TAXA BIODIVERSITY INVENTORY (ATBI)


Agaric diversity in the great smoky mountains national park

  • PROJECT GOALS

  • Three years of collections by experts in various groups of agaric fungi

  • Databasing of current and past collections

  • Bar coding of species using ribosomal ITS region

  • Species pages available on web


Agaric diversity in the great smoky mountains national park

TENN

  • Tennessee herbarium web site lists 1500 species from the GSMNP

  • Goal – to link to photos and records in next three years


Agaric diversity in the great smoky mountains national park

PARTICIPANTS

Aime, Cathy – Rusts and Crepidotus

Ammirati, Joe - Cortinarius

Baroni, Tim – Entoloma

Buyck, Bart – Russula / Lactarius

Caranza, Julietta - Trametes

Cifuentes, Joaquin - General

Halling, Roy – Gymnopus and others

Horak, Egon - General

Kerrigan, Rick - Agaricus

Lodge, Jean - Hygrophoraceae

Mata, Juan Luis - Gymnopus

Matheny, Brandon - Inocybe

McCleneghan, Coleman - Pholiota

Methven, Andrew - Lactarius

Ovrebo, Clark - Tricholoma

Tulloss, Rod -Amanita

Verbaken, Anameka – Russula /Lactarius

COVERAGE

SPONSORS

Karen Hughes

Ron Petersen

Ed Lickey

Gymnopus – 450 sequences

Collybia

Omphalotus

Artomyces (Clavicorona)

Lentinellus

Lentinula

Xerula

Ramaria

Andrew Miller - Pyrenomycetes


Agaric diversity in the great smoky mountains national park

  • TWO PROBLEMS FOR BARCODING USING THE ITS REGION

  • PROBLEM 1

  • INABILITY TO DISTINGUISH SOME APPARENT MORPHOSPECIES (GYMNOPUS SECT LEVIPEDES)

    • But – does distinguish a number of Gymnopus collections previously grouped as the same morphospecies (cryptic species)


Agaric diversity in the great smoky mountains national park

  • TWO PROBLEMS FOR BARCODING USING THE ITS REGION

  • PROBLEM 2

  • THE ITS REGION IN COLLECTIONS FROM THE GSMNP HAS RELATIVELY HIGH LEVELS OF HETEROZYGOSITY FOR INDELS.

    • Requires cloning with its attendant problems


Agaric diversity in the great smoky mountains national park

Cortinarius sp. = 31.3%

Lactarius sp. = 25.0%

Hygrophorus = 57.7%

Saprobes = 28.5%


Agaric diversity in the great smoky mountains national park

  • PROPORTION OF COLLECTIONS FROM THE GSMNP THAT WERE ALREADY REPRESENTED IN GENBANK

  • [98% CONGRUENCE WAS ARBITRARILY CONSIDERED TO BE CONSPECIFIC]

  • 159/533 MATCHED SPECIES IN GENBANK

  • 23/533 MATCHED UNNAMED ENVIRONMENTAL SAMPLES

  • 351/533 HAD NO MATCH IN GENBANK

  • FOR AGARICS, SEQUENCE COVERAGE IS STILL SIGNIFICANTLY INCOMPLETE


Gsmnp bar coding project

GSMNP BAR CODING PROJECT?

  • Home of an ATBI

  • Center of Biodiversity

  • Highly varied terrain /ecosystems

  • Nice collecting spot

  • Good field station

  • On the ground help

  • Need I say more?


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