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Office of The National Economic and Social Development Board. ACMECS and Thailand . Dr. Porametee Vimolsiri Senior Advisor. Workshop on Investment, Trade and Transport Facilitation in ACMECS. Outline. Overview of ACMECS Priority Areas : Existing Condition & Constraints

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Office of The National Economic and Social Development Board

ACMECS and Thailand

Dr. Porametee Vimolsiri

Senior Advisor

Workshop on Investment, Trade and Transport Facilitation

in ACMECS


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Outline

  • Overview of ACMECS

  • Priority Areas : Existing Condition & Constraints

    - Trade & Investment

    - Transport

  • How to overcome?

    - Role of Thailand


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ACMECS

Myanmar

Lao

PDR

Thailand

Vietnam

Cambodia

Members : Cambodia LaoPDRMyanmarThailandand Viet Nam

Population : 213 mil.

Areas:

1.94 mil. Kms2

Total GDP:

225,110 mil. USD

Established since 2003

Initiated and Drived by member countries

South China

Sea

Andaman sea

Siam Gulf


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Rationale : Why We need ACMECS?

Korea

Afghanistan

China

Japan

Pakistan

Bangladesh

India

Myanmar

Laos

Thailand

Vietnam

Philippines

Cambodia

Sri Lanka

Malaysia

Brunei

Singapore

Indonesia

Existing Forum --- GMS/BIMSTEC/IMT-GT/JDS


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Connectivity

Competitiveness

- Economic Corridors

- ACMECS (Sister Cities)

- Cross-border Transport Agreement

- Single Stop Inspection

15 Year of Cooperation : Much Progress on Transport ;

Software for Trade and Investment are in Process

Competitiveness

Connectivity

Community

- Trade Facilitation/ Trade Logistics

- Development Partners

- Infrastructure Utilization

Private Participation

Social + Global

Software Development

Hardware Development

GMS

Master Plan Formulation

- Road Network Connectivity

- Power Grid Line

2012

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

2001

2002

2005


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Imbalance of Economic and Social Development

* Based on National Poverty Line

** Measures Degree to Which an Economy’s Income Distribution Diverges from Perfect Equal Distribution


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Underutilization of ACMECS Core Value


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Important development Agenda

GMS -- Connectivity Competitiveness Community

ACMECS –

Co-Production, Sister Cities

BIMSTEC -- New Emerging Economies

Poverty Eradication

Anti Terrorism

JDS –Stability &Security

IMT-GT –Avail Influenza Energy Tsunami Earthquake Security


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Development Strategy of ACMECS

PRC

Chiang Rai

Myanmar

Develop Sister Cities as a production bases

Lao PDR

Mukdahan -Savannakhet

MaeSod-Myawaddy

Danang

Yangon

EWEC

NSEC

BKK.

Vietnam

Andaman Sea

Cambodia

SEC

Trad- Koh Kong

Hochiminh City

Gulf of Thailand


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Co-Production Concept

MYAMAR City

SMEs by

Industrial Clusters

Border Line

Road Link

Checkpoint

Border Market

THAI City

SMEs by

Industrial Clusters

Economic Zone


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ACMECS : Goals & Benefits

  • Bridge the economic gap among the four countries and Promote prosperity in the sub-region in a sustainable manner.

  • Transform the border areas of the five countries into zones of economic growth, social progress and prosperity, and to blend local, national and regional interests for common benefits, shared prosperity, enhanced solidarity, peace, stability and good neighborliness.

  • Act as a catalyst to build upon existing regional cooperation programs, and complement bilateral frameworks, and move ASEAN forward


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Trade and Investment


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MYA

THA

LAO

CAM

VIE

PRCyn

54.4

176

2,544

64.2

406

5.8

13.1

348

82.1

500

44.2

681

1990s

% Intra-GMS trade to total trade

2004

Population(million)

GDP per Capita(Current, $)

Trade Opportunity: Intra-GMS

Likewise, tremendous potential for intra-GMS trade has been shown during the past decade.

Note: Population and GDP per capita in 2004

Source: ADB


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1. Cost of Starting/Doing Business

  • Doing business in the GMS takes more time and resources on the average compared to other countries in the region

    (56-198 Days Vs 52 days)

  • Lack of Sufficient/Standard Information

  • Difficulties in Finding Focal Point and Partners


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2. Regulatory Impediments

Legal and regulatory framework for trade is largely primitive or restrictive in most ACMECS countries

Difference in Level of Development among countries leads to the protection of domestic market

A number of quantitative restrictions, such as import licensing, and other non-tariff measures still exist

Non- Tariff Barriers (NTBs)


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2. Regulatory Impediments (2)

Inter-country and intra-country differences in rules and proceduresi.e. Customs

Inherent weaknesses in the system of recording &monitoring border trade, including transit trade.

Phenomenon Expansion of Informal Trade

Inconsistency in Implementation of laws & regulations (National-wide and Regional-wide)

Transparency of the Procedures


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3. Trade Logistics

Inefficient multimodal transport infrastructure

Ineffective logistic system i.e. competitive carriers and service providers; competent transport intermediaries; and fast, efficient, and transparent cross-border procedures

Relatively High Cost

Less Competitiveness in Global Value Chain


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4. Institutions/Private Sector

institutions and organizations dealing with and supporting business remain underdeveloped.

Financial institutions often have very restricted lending practices to private businesses.

Educational and technical support institutions are understaffed, ill equipped, and unable to meet the demands of modern industry.

Business associations are relatively weak.

Less Competitiveness in Global Value Chain/Network

Insufficient Capacity Building for Private Sector


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Transport


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Road Transport Network

2005

2015


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Key Issues and Challenges

  • Equitable sharing of benefits and costs of regional projects

  • Financing of needed infrastructure investments

  • Structuring public-private partnerships

  • Managing risks i.e. currency, investment risks, socio-economic impact of the project

  • Sustainable development in transport i.e. maintenance, capacity building, etc.


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How to Achieve ?


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Thailand’s Role in ACMECS

As an Active Member

Initiate ACMECS; Build Network with Development Partners; Act as Virtual Secretariat; Create Efficient Mechanism for Cooperation i.e. AWG; Border Committee

As a Development Partners

Provide Technical Assistances through TICA; Financial Assistances through NEDA; Implement Various Projects under Plan of Actions

As a Business Supporter

Create ACMECS Business Council; Create Favorable Business Environment through Various Development Projects; Simplified Complicate Business Process and Lower Logistics Cost.


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Economic Activities Along the Corridors

Myanmar

Lao PDR.

Vietnam

Thailand

Chiang Rai

SBEZ

Yangon

Sea Port

10,000-15,000DWT

Mukdahan Distribution Center

Savan-Seno SEZ

Tak SBEZ

Dansavan

Lao Bao SEZ

Hue(World Heritage)

Khon Kaen

Logistics Center/IE

Mawlamying

Dong Ha (Tourism)

Pitsanulok Logistics Center

Da Nang Deep Sea Port

35,000 DWT and Dung Quat IE

Poipet

Aranyaprathet

Bangkok

Ho Chi Minh

Vung Tao Deep Sea Port

Phnom Penh

Trad

Koh Kong

กัมพูชา

Malaysia

Kota-Perdana


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Kunming

PRC

Myanmar

7

14

2

5

4

LaoPRC.

1

6

Yangon

8

Danang

3

9

13

Thailand

12

10

Dawei

Trat

Viet Nam

Cambodia

11

Vung Tau

Thailand’s Assistances to Neighboring Countries

16 Projects

Total7,792 mil. baht

Construction & Improvement

of

Roads, Bridges, Railways,

Airports and Local Ports


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Joint Utilization of Airport

Savannakhet - Mukdahan


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Flagship Initiatives:

The Negotiation of All Annexes& Protocols has been finalized and Signed by March 2007, waiting for the ratification from countries. After ratification, full implementation of CBTA has scheduled in 2008

Cross-border Transport Agreement

Single Stop Inspection

First Step

Second Step

One Stop Service

For CBTA in Thailand

First step : Mukdahan, Aranyaprathet , Mae Sai, Mae Sot

Second Step : Nong Khai, Chiang Kong, Chong Mek and Trat

Thailand can Provide Assistance in Customs &Cross Broder Management to CLMV


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Industrial Estate and Economic Zone under ACMECS

Savan Xeno SBEZ

Chiang Rai SBEZ

  • Thialand’s Border Economic Zone

  • Tak SBEZ

  • Chiang Rai SBEZ

Mae Sot SBEZ and IE in Myawaddy

Pa-an

Mawlamyine and Maw Taung

Industrial Estate Establishment

Thailand provide assistance to Myanmar LaoPDR and Cambodia

Koh Kong Industrial Estate

Existing Thailand’s SBEZ and IEAT’s projects in CLM Countries


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Other Attempts to Support ACMECS

Facilitation of Import & MOU of Contract Farming; R&D on field crops,livestocks, SPS Tech Transfer

Agriculture

Thailand and Cambodia as a Pilot Project; Details had finalized, will signed MOU in 2007

Single VISA

OSS at 10 Checkpoints in THA; Study of Wholesales Market & Distribution Centers in Cambodia; Providing AISP for CLMV products

Trading

Use of Local Currencies

BOT’s Study finished.Implementing pilot projects at Commercial Banks at Thai-Lao borders.

Regional Power Grids, Alternatives Energyi.e. Biofules,Biomass,Hydropower

Energy Security

Capacity Building

Scholarship provided by Thailand and VN for Vocational Trainings and Other Areas

Implementing Sister Cities; Coordination Mechanisms Established at the Local Level ACMECS Business Council at Local Level

Community


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ACMECS Midterm Review (Cebu, January 2007)

1

3

4

Approved New Version of Plan of Actions and Promote Networking with Development Partners on resources mobilization

Expedite Investment to Complete ACMECS Transportation Network and software to facilitate movement of goods, people, and tourism

2

Closer Relationship among Stakeholders i.e. Sister Cities, Central local government, Government & Private, People to People

Priority Issues i.e. Contract Farming, Establishment of Rice Producing Countries Association, Alternative Energy i.e. NGV, Hydropower and Biofules, Public Health


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Thank you

www.nesdb.go.th


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