Introduction
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 31

México es… PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 32 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Introduction. Mapa. Structure of Government. Demographics. ECD. Special Programs. Key issues. Project Global Leaders. México es…. Introduction. Mapa. Structure of Government. Demographics. ECD. Special Programs. Key issues. Project Global Leaders. Introduction. Mapa.

Download Presentation

México es…

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


M xico es

Introduction

Mapa

Structure of

Government

Demographics

ECD

Special

Programs

Key issues

Project

Global Leaders

México es…


M xico es

Introduction

Mapa

Structure of

Government

Demographics

ECD

Special

Programs

Key issues

Project

Global Leaders


M xico es

Introduction

Mapa

Structure of

Government

Demographics

ECD

Special

Programs

Key issues

Project

Global Leaders


M xico es

Introduction

Mapa

Structure of

Government

Demographics

ECD

Special

Programs

Key issues

Project

Global Leaders


M xico es

Introduction

Mapa

Structure of

Government

Demographics

ECD

Special

Programs

Key issues

Project

Global Leaders


M xico es

Introduction

Formed by 31 states

and a Federal District

Mapa

Structure of

Government

México is a democratic,

federal republic

Headed by the president

Demographics

15 secretaries

ECD

One of the largest Secretaries is Secretaria de Educación Pública (SEP)

Executive Branch

Special

Programs

Structure of Government

Key issues

Two-Chamber

Congress

Chamber of deputies, 500 seats; and a 128 seats Senate

Project

Global Leaders

Judiciary

11 members Supreme Court


M xico es

Introduction

Mapa

Structure of

Government

Demographics

ECD

México is a democratic, federal republic. The republic is formed by 31 states and a Federal District. Each states is run a governor (elected for 6 years) and a congress (elected for 3 years). Federal authority is divided in three independent branches: Executive Branch (headed by the president, elected for 6 years); Two-Chamber Congress (Chamber of deputies, 500 seats; and a 128 seats Senate); and the Judiciary (11 members Supreme Court).

Special

Programs

Structure of Government

Key issues

Project

Global Leaders


M xico es

Introduction

The Executive Branch is organized in Secretaries. There are some 15 secretaries (cabinet members), although there are around 40 other top-rank officers.

Mapa

Structure of

Government

Demographics

The Executive is responsible for managing annual budget, which has to be approved by the Chamber of Deputies.

ECD

Special

Programs

Structure of Government

Key issues

One of the largest Secretaries is Secretaria de Educación Pública (SEP), which is in charge of the Mexican Educational System.

Project

Global Leaders


M xico es

Introduction

  • Mexico:

  • 104 million inhabitants.

  • 60 percent are less than 30 years old

  • Educational System has around 34 million students.

  • 90 percent of the attend public schools.

  • 6.5 million children in the age groups 3-5 years old.

Mapa

Structure of

Government

Demographics

ECD

Special

Programs

Key issues

Project

Global Leaders

Demographics


M xico es

Introduction

Mapa

Structure of

Government

Mexico’s total population is approximately 104 million inhabitants.

Over 60 percent are less than 30 years old

Mexico’s Educational System has around 34 million students. 90 percent of the attend public schools.

There are around 6.5 million children in the age groups 3-5 years old. (presently, around 3 million attend pre-school).

Demographics

ECD

Special

Programs

Key issues

Project

Global Leaders

Demographics


M xico es

Introduction

Mapa

  • There is not a national plan of action on ECD proper.

  • Congress makes mandatory 3 years of pre-school as from 2008.

  • Basic Education minimum age is 6-7 years old.

  • Pre-school education is formed by three school grades for children in age groups 3 to 6.

  • SEP runs day care centers called: Cendi’s (Centro de Desarrollo para la Infancia) which received children from 48 days to 4 years old.

Structure of

Government

Demographics

ECD

Special

Programs

Key issues

Project

Global Leaders

ECD


M xico es

There is not a national plan of action on ECD proper. However, a recent law passed by Congress makes mandatory 3 years of pre-school as from 2008.

Pre-school is loosely defined as pre-Basic Education ages. Basic Education minimum age is 6-7 years old.

There are both public or private preschools with a wide variety of curricula available.

Pre-school education is formed by three school grades for children in age groups 3 to 6. Infant and toddlers younger than that may also attend public and private day care centers.

SEP runs day care centers called: Cendi’s (Centro de Desarrollo para la Infancia) which received children from 48 days to 4 years old.

Introduction

Mapa

Structure of

Government

Demographics

ECD

Special

Programs

Key issues

Project

Global Leaders

ECD


M xico es

Introduction

  • Special government programs : (extreme poverty, Indigenous languages, rural and migrant families, etc.

  • One is the so-called “Oportunidades” (“Chances”):

    + “Oportunidades” focuses on education, health and nutrition for families living in extreme poverty.

    + The program combines broad coverage.

    + The best anti-poverty programs worldwide.

Mapa

Structure of

Government

Demographics

ECD

Special

Programs

Key issues

Special Programs

Project

Global Leaders


M xico es

Introduction

Mapa

Structure of

Government

Demographics

There are several special government programs aimed at children with specific problems: (extreme poverty, Indigenous languages, rural and migrant families, etc)

However a program worth mentioning is the so-called “Oportunidades” (“Chances”). “Oportunidades” is the off-spring of two programs implement in the previous two Administrations, so it has benefited from more than 15 years experience.

ECD

Special

Programs

Key issues

Special Programs

Project

Global Leaders


M xico es

Oportunidades focuses on education, health and nutrition for families living in extreme poverty, taking care of the children. Each mother receives a monthly allowace in return for securing that her children receive timely vaccination and vitamin suplements, pay regular visits to a doctor, and attend school. The program combines broad coverage –more than 5 million households- and effective targeting, and was recognized last year by the World Bank as one of the best anti-poverty programs worldwide.

Introduction

Mapa

Structure of

Government

Demographics

ECD

Special

Programs

Key issues

Special Programs

Project

Global Leaders


M xico es

Introduction

Mapa

Perhaps the two key issues at the moment are:

+ Therecent reform making mandatory three years of preschool by 2008.

+ The newly approved Pre-school Program,

There is discussion about its aplication, goals, organization and theoretically framework.

Structure of

Government

Demographics

ECD

Special

Programs

Key issues

Project

Global Leaders

Key issues


M xico es

Perhaps the two key issues at the moment are:

+ The recent reform making mandatory three years of preschool by 2008. This means that during the next three years, Mexico will have to open pre-schools (either goverment-run or private) and train teachers to double present attendance which is about 3 million children. This is an enomus challenge.

+ The newly approved Pre-school Program, which is now being implemented. There is discussion about its aplication, goals, organization and theoretically framework.

Introduction

Mapa

Structure of

Government

Demographics

ECD

Special

Programs

Key issues

Project

Global Leaders

Key issues


M xico es

Introduction

Mapa

Structure of

Government

Our Global Leaders Advocacy Project sponsored by the IBM

It is a new website name “Educación para Ellos” (Education for Them)

Demographics

ECD

Special

Programs

Key issues

Project

Global Leaders


M xico es

Mexico has not an established, national level, integral, united “voice” to conform teachers, researchers, or associations on early childhood or pre-school education. Perhaps this may not be regarded as a problem for many researchers or educators, since it could be observed as the country’s pluralism as well as a feature of having several “voices” on this field.

Introduction

Mapa

Structure of

Government

Demographics

ECD

Special

Programs

Key issues

Nevertheless, the lack of such integral voice implies that we have no classified information on all educational and institutional offers available at this level. The lack of information jeopardizes the chances for parents, researchers, educators, or groups interested on school activities, to learn and compare about financing, and childhood care matters.

Project

Global Leaders

Project relevance


M xico es

Introduction

Mapa

Structure of

Government

  • To desing and implement a media (Internet Website) at the national level, through which preschool educators or interested people can interact and communicate among themselves.

  • To establish a net and possibly a link for all people interested on, and involved with, childhood education in Mexico.

Demographics

ECD

Special

Programs

Key issues

Project

Global Leaders

Project Objective


M xico es

Introduction

  • By these means, the internet page could be referred to find out about:

  • Counseling

  • Resources

  • National or foreing parents who are not acquainted with all different educational options or who change their residence and search for information regarding the different educational available options.

Mapa

Structure of

Government

Demographics

ECD

Special

Programs

Key issues

Project

Global Leaders

Project Objective


M xico es

Introduction

Mapa

Structure of

Government

  • Public (Goverment) Organizations

  • Private Organizations and Non – Goverment Organizations (NGO)

  • Private and Public programs for parents.

  • Researchers and research centers.

  • Professional Colleges (“Colegios profesionales”) on early childhood and pre-school education.

Demographics

ECD

Special

Programs

Information could be clustered under

Key issues

Project

Global Leaders


M xico es

Introduction

  • Universities dealing with Bachelor of Arts, Master Of Arts, Doctorates (PHD’S) degrees, Diplomas and Special Trainings programs on Preschool Education. Even a special SEP (Secretaria de Educación Pública) compulsory leveling course for all preschool teachers (“Curso de Capacitación Didáctica en Educación Preescolar”) could be found here.

  • Educational Projects.

  • New Publications (references).

Mapa

Structure of

Government

Demographics

ECD

Special

Programs

Information could be clustered under

Key issues

Project

Global Leaders


M xico es

EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE DEVELOPMENT IN MEXICO


M xico es

Mexico’s educational system has some 33 million students. 90 percent attend public schools.

There is a Federal (national) authority responsible for the educational system. The authority lays on the Secretaría de Educación Pública (SEP). SEP has the status of a full ministry and the Secretary is part of the President´s cabinet.


M xico es

SEP has just been re-structured. It is now organized in three main Undersecretaries: Basic Education, Middle Education, and Higher Education. There are as much as 30 General Directors. SEP is also responsible for cultural institutions and programs (for example the Institute for Fine Arts and the Institute for History and Anthropology).


M xico es

SEP is in Charge of regulating and over-seeing Basic Education curricula,

Programs and text-books. Additionally, each state has its own educational authority, which is in charge of the day-to-day school affairs.

Basic Education (pre-school, primary and secondary schools –K plus 9 years) accounts for around 30 million students.


M xico es

There are approximately 6.5 million children in ages 3-5 years old. Around 60 percent of them attend pre-school, mainly public schools.

Pre-school attendance varies from one region to other, showing Mexico’s acute social and economic contrasts. National average attendance is 70.8 percent for age-groups 4-5 years old.


M xico es

A recent reform passed by Congress will make mandatory three years of preschool by 2008. In the next three years, Mexico will have to open preschools (either government-run or private) and train teachers for about 3 million children.


M xico es

  • SEP´s pre-school guide –lines have the following features:

  • Theoretically, it bears a constructivist approach.

  • Group-aging is more flexible now (it used to be quite rigid and a minimum age was required for admittance).

  • Some of the curriculum goals still stress the achieving of children “competences” in different Knowledge areas.

  • Children interests are now considered, and they are an important part of pre-school activities.


M xico es

Secretario

Unidad de

Planeación y

Evaluación de

Políticas Educativas

Subsecretaria de

Educación Básica

Subsecretaria de

Educación Media

Superior

Subsecretaria de

Educación Superior

Oficialía Mayor

Dirección General de

Educación Preescolar

Dirección General de

Educación Primaria

Dirección General de

Educación Secundaria

Técnica

Dirección General de

Educación Indígena

Dirección General de

Desarrollo Curricular

Dirección General de

Materiales Educativos

Dirección General de

Desarrollo de la Gestión

E Innovación Educativa

Dirección General de

Formación Continua de

Maestros en Servicio


  • Login