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Engendering Research in LIVES Value Chain Development Interventions. Ephrem Tesema and Kathleen Colverson March 26-28, 2013 Addis Ababa/ ILRI Campus. Outline. Why engender r esearch in LIVES? How does LIVES gender work intersect with ILRI’s CG research plan on Livestock and Fish?

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Engendering research in lives value chain development interventions

Engendering Research in LIVES Value Chain Development Interventions

Ephrem Tesema and Kathleen Colverson

March 26-28, 2013

Addis Ababa/ ILRI Campus


Outline
Outline Interventions

  • Why engender research in LIVES?

  • How does LIVES gender work intersect with ILRI’s CG research plan on Livestock and Fish?

  • Research approaches to incorporating gender in all VC /Commodity work

  • Concluding Remarks/Questions


Why engender research
Why “engender” research? Interventions

  • In many countries, women make up a larger percentage of the agricultural labor

  • Women participate along the entire agricultural value chain, contributing as producers, distributors, processors, storers, and marketers, as well as, being responsible for feeding their families


Female share of the agricultural labor force
FEMALE SHARE OF THE AGRICULTURAL LABOR FORCE Interventions

Women, on average, comprise 43% of the agricultural labor force in developing countries and account for an estimated two-thirds of the world’s 600 million poor livestock keepers.

Farming First (http://www.farmingfirst.org/women)


Female headed households
FEMALE-HEADED HOUSEHOLDS Interventions

A significant share of households in all regions are headed by women, yet their access to productive resources and services are limited.

Farming First (http://www.farmingfirst.org/women)


Women face gender constraints
WOMEN FACE Interventions “GENDER CONSTRAINTS”

Women have:

  • Less access to land, less money to buy land, using more borrowed or illegal land

  • Fewer head of livestock than male-headed households

  • Higher number of orphans living in female-headed households than male headed

  • USAID, 2003


Gender constraints and productivity
GENDER CONSTRAINTS AND PRODUCTIVITY Interventions

  • Fewer agricultural inputs, such as improved seed and fertilizer, used by female-headed households

  • Less access to extension services and improved technologies


Closing the gender gap for agriculture
CLOSING THE “GENDER GAP” Interventions FOR AGRICULTURE

State of Food and Agriculture FAO 2011


Crp 3 7 livestock and fish gender outcome and outputs
CRP 3.7 Livestock and Fish Gender Outcome and Outputs Interventions

Outcome:

“Poor women, men and marginalized groups have improved and more equitable access to affordable animal source foods through gender equitable interventions”

http://livestock-fish.wikispaces.com/Gender+and+Learning


Crp 3 7 gender outputs
CRP 3.7 Gender Outputs: Interventions

Output 1:Increased gender capacity within CG, partner organizations, and value chain actors to diagnose and overcome gender based constraints within value chains Output 2:Strategies and approaches developed through which women and marginalized groups improve the nature and level of participation in livestock and fish value chains


Crp 3 7 gender outputs continued
CRP 3.7 Gender Outputs (Continued): Interventions

Output 3:Strategies and approaches that increase women and marginalized groups entitlement to access markets and control resources, technologies, labor, power and the benefits of their work

Output 4:Strategies and approaches to promote increased level and equity in animal source food consumption within poor households


Lives gender objectives
LIVES Gender Objectives Interventions

  • To increase equity of gender roles in value chain nodes and chain governance of high value livestock commodities and irrigated crops

  • To increase gender sensitive knowledge management and capacity building interventions in high value livestock commodities and irrigated crops

  • To ensure gender sensitive approachesare used by LIVES’s research and development partners


Gender sensitive research steps in value chain development
Gender Sensitive Research Steps in Interventions Value Chain Development

  • Map Gender Roles & Relationships along the VC

  • Identify gender constraints along the VC

  • Assess the consequences of the gender constraints

  • Identify and implement actions to overcome constraints

  • Carry out Action Research

  • Measure outcomes of implementations


Integrating gender in agricultural vc
Integrating Gender in Agricultural VC Interventions

Source: Adopted from Gender Equitable Opportunities in Agricultural Value Chains, USAID, 2010


Gender sensitive knowledge m anagement and capacity building research approach
Gender sensitive knowledge Interventions management and capacity building research approach

  • Identify formal/informal institutions involved in brokering knowledge and capacity development

  • Identify knowledge and capacity development methods used by different institutions

  • Identify knowledge magt/capacity building institutions and methods that ensure access for men and women

  • Identify constraints and its implications on gender

  • propose gender sensitive knowledge/capacity development intervention

  • Action Research

  • Measuring the outcomes of the intervention/action


Gender sensitive knowledge management and capacity building research outputs outcomes
Gender sensitive Knowledge Management and capacity building Research outputs/outcomes

  • Diagnostic research output

  • Role of informal institutions/farmer to farmer in knowledge sharing by and for women

  • Couples training

  • Involvement of young family members in FHH

  • Action research


Final remarks
Final Remarks building Research outputs/outcomes

  • The VC for all types of High value commodities should be seen through a gender lens while research agenda is set for LIVES

  • Gender sensitive diagnostic and action research need to give insight on innovative ways of Knowledge Management and Capacity building interventions


Thank you
Thank You!! building Research outputs/outcomes

www.lives-ethiopia.org


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