leverage buyout a case of tata jlr
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leverage buyout definition

The acquisition of another company using a significant amount of borrowed money (bonds or loans) to meet the cost of acquisition. Often, the assets of the company being acquired are used as collateral for the loans in addition to the assets of the acquiring company. The purpose of leveraged buyouts is to allow companies to make large acquisitions without having to commit a lot of capital.

LEVERAGE BUYOUT - definition
tata motors jlr deal
TATA MOTORs– jlr deal

COMPANY PROFILE

TATA MOTORS:- Tata Motors Limited, formerly known as TELCO (TATA Engineering and Locomotive Company), is a multinational corporation headquartered in Mumbai, India. It is India\'s largest passenger automobile and commercial vehicle manufacturing company. Part of the Tata Group, and one of the world\'s largest manufacturers of commercial vehicles. Tata Motors was established in 1945, when the company began manufacturing locomotives. The company manufactured its first commercial vehicle in 1954 in a collaboration with Daimler-Benz AG, which ended in 1969.

company profile

It is the 5th largest medium and heavy commercial vehicle manufacturer in the world. listed in BSE, NSE & NYSE.

Subsidiaries-

  • JAGUAR CARS
  • LAND ROVER
  • TATA DAEWOO COMMERCIAL
COMPANY PROFILE….
tata motors jlr deal1

JAGUAR:-

A statement of ultra luxury, Holds Royal warrants, Rarely advertised, Ford’s formula one entry since 1990s .Founded in 1922 by Sir William Lyons, headquartered at Coventry ,ENGLAND. it became a part of FORD MOTORS in1990 when Ford acquired Jaguar for $2.5 billion

TATA MOTORs– jlr deal
tata motors jlr deal2

LAND ROVER:-

Founded in 1948 as a marque of the Rover Company. Land Rover is an all-terrain vehicle and Multi Purpose Vehicle(MPV) manufacturer, based in Solihull, West Midlands. In 1994 Rover Group is taken over by BMW & sold to FORD MOTORS for 2.75 bn$ in 2000. It is Known for superior off-road performance, Used by military for projects and expeditions,

TATA MOTORs– jlr deal
tata motors jlr deal process

12/06/2007- Announcement from Ford that it plans to sell Land Rover and Jaguar.

August 2007 - Major bidders are identified

Likely buyers: Tata Motors, M&M, Ceribrus capital Management, TPG Capital, Apollo Management

India’s Tata Motors and M&M arrive as top bidders ($ 2.05b & $ 1.9b)

03/01/2008 – Ford announces Tatas as the preferred bidders

26/03/2008 - Ford agreed to sell their Jaguar Land Rover operations to Tata Motors.

02/06/2008 – The acquisition is complete

TATA MOTORs– jlr deal process
why is ford selling

Reports said losses at Jaguar stood at USD 715 million in 2006. Jaguar has been a dog i.e. it has not been able to provide any profit for ford because of the high manufacturing costs provided in the United Kingdom.

  • The strong boy Land Rover\'s profit, on the other hand, was driven by the record sale of 2.26 lakh vehicles, an 18% YoY growth in 2007..
  • Bringing down production costs and turning around the company successfully will be the challenge,” analysts said. It was a test that Ford failed.
  • Ford is combining both the brands since the products and manufacturing of vehicles for Land Rover and Jaguar is so intertwined.
Why is Ford selling?
why tatas acquire jlr

Long term strategic commitment to automotive sector.

  • Opportunity to participate in two fast growing auto segments.
  • Increased business diversity across markets and products.
  • Land rover provides a natural fit for TML’s SUV segment.
  • Jaguar offers a range of “performance/luxury” vehicles to broaden the brand portfolio.
  • Benefits from component sourcing, design services and low cost engineering
Why tatas acquire JLR?
cost synergies1

Investors concerns on manpower costs misplaced

It is more important to manage the material & sourcing costs to improve margins

Material Cost is 4-6x the wage cost for high-end products such as Land Rover

Cost synergies – Tata Group has multiple levers

TATA group has a rich ecosystem of JVs with leading players in Auto ancillary space

TCS, Corus and Tata Technologies have varied competencies in the Auto space

Cost synergies
revenue synergies

Revenue synergies limited in the medium term (2-3 years)

In the long-run Tata Group and Tata Motors’ footprint in South-East Asia should help

Jaguar/Land Rover diversify their geographic dependence from US (30% of volumes) and

Western Europe (55% of volumes)

Revenue synergies
financial impact valuation of acquisition

Total acquisition cost at $3bn assumed to be debt-funded on TAMO’s books

We have not considered any asset sales in our calculations

Financial Impact: Leverage increases but coverage ratios reasonable

Headline Debt/Equity of TAMO would increase to 2.5x from 1x

Excluding the vehicle finance biz, leverage would go to 1.2x

EBITDA/Interest remains at 5.0

Valuation: TAMO is trading inline/modest discount to global peers

EV/Sales (1-yr forward) of 0.5x against 0.4x for global peers

P/E (1-yr forward) of 6.5x against 8.5x for global peers

Financial Impact & Valuation of acquisition
funding we highlight a few possibilities for tamo

Sale of Tata Steel Shares

TAMO holds $400m worth of Tata Steel shares (4.3% of outstanding shares)

Tata group holds 33.7% in Tata Steel leaving room for some reduction in group stake

Stake sale / IPO of Telcon, HV Axles, HV Transmissions

We value Telcon at around $1bn (13xFY09E EPS); TAMO holds 60% stake in it

HV Axles and HV Transmissions are 100% owned by TAMO (est value $200-250m)

Sale of Vehicle Finance business (Tata Motor Financial Services Ltd)

Since 3QFY07, TAMO’s incremental vehicle finance biz is housed in this subsidiary

We estimate total loan receivables (TMFSL + TAMO) at Rs 120bn by end-FY08E

Any sale of vehicle finance biz will significantly de-lever TAMO’s balance sheet

Tata group has recently floated a new company called Tata Capital with a mandate

which includes Vehicle Financing

We also do not rule out an LBO structure to finance the purchase

We estimate JLR EBITDA at around $1bn against capex of $600-700m

This leaves excess cashflow to service at least $1bn of debt

Funding: We highlight a few possibilities for TAMO
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