Survey of library collections use by faculty
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Survey of Library Collections Use by Faculty. in the Humanities and Social Sciences at the University of Georgia. Nan McMurry Kristin Nielsen. Survey Population. Franklin College (excluding sciences) Business Education Environment & Design Journalism Family & Consumer Sciences

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Survey of library collections use by faculty

Survey of Library Collections Use by Faculty

in the Humanities and Social Sciences at the University of Georgia

Nan McMurry

Kristin Nielsen


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Survey Population

  • Franklin College (excluding sciences)

  • Business

  • Education

  • Environment & Design

  • Journalism

  • Family & Consumer Sciences

  • Public and International Affairs

  • Social Work

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Survey Distribution

1299 surveys were distributed to faculty mailboxes in October 2002.

Faculty could return the print survey or take the survey online.

The return deadline was December 2002.

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Response Rates

263 surveys were returned, for an overall response rate of 20%.

Response rates for individual departments ranged from 3% to 100%.

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Categories

  • Since rates of return varied widely among departments, we analyzed the data by the following summary categories:

    • Humanities

    • Social Sciences

    • Business

    • Education

    • Family & Consumer Sciences (FCS)

    • Journalism

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Questions 1 and 2: Visits

1. How often do you come to the library?

2. How often do you consult library resources (GIL, GALILEO, etc.) in electronic format from your home/office?

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Visits

Virtual visits outnumber physical visits.

42% of all faculty surveyed make physical visits to the library at least weekly.

87% of all faculty surveyed make virtual visits to library resources at least weekly.

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Visit Library at Least Weekly

95%

92%

86%

75%

57%

17%

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Visit at Least Weekly

89%

76%

69%

16%

0%

7%

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Visits

  • Humanities faculty significantly outstrip other faculty in frequency of use:

    • 60% make daily virtual visits

    • 75% make weekly physical visits

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Question 3: Importance of Resources

  • How important are library resources (print and electronic) to your research and teaching?

    • Very important

    • Somewhat important

    • Not very important

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Importance of Resources

Answers displayed greatest unity of any question, with an average of

94% answering “Very Important”

Highest: 98% (Social Sciences)

Lowest: 89% (Journalism)

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Question 4: Resource Types

  • How often do you use the following library materials (in print as well as electronic formats)?

    • Books

    • Current journals

    • Backfiles of journals (older than one year)

    • Newspapers

    • Government documents

    • Special collections materials (rare books,

      archives, audio-visual resources)

    • Microfilm collections

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Resource Types

  • 71% describe themselves as frequent users of books

  • 77% describe themselves as frequent users of current journals

  • 68% describe themselves as frequent users of journal backfiles (older than one year)

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Resource Types

Less than 13% of faculty describe themselves as frequent users of newspapers, microfilm collections, government documents, and special collections.

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Resource Types

  • Faculty who describe themselves as either frequent or occasional users:

    • Newspapers: 43%

    • Government documents: 42%

    • Special collections: 44%

    • Microfilm collections: 51%

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Resource Types: Humanities

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Resource Types: Social Sciences

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Resource Types:Business

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Resource Types: Education

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Resource Types: FCS

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Resource Types: Journalism

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Question 5: Use of Online Resources

  • How often do you use the following Web-based resources?

  • GIL (UGA Library Catalog)

  • Online catalogs of other libraries

  • GALILEO indexing and abstracting services (MLA, Historical Abstracts, PsycINFO, etc.)

  • GALILEO full-text databases (JSTOR, Project

  • Muse, etc.)

  • Web search engines and directories (Google, Yahoo, etc.)

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Use of Online Resources

87%

26%

68%

58%

86%

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Use of Online Resources

  • A strong majority of all faculty describe themselves as frequent users of GIL:

    • Humanities 98%

    • Social Sciences 89%

    • Business 77%

    • Education 82%

    • FCS 69%

    • Journalism 100%

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Use of Online Resources

Family & Consumer Sciences faculty are more likely to be frequent users of search engines (77%) than any library resource.

Business faculty place frequent use of GALILEO full-text databases and search engines in a dead heat (86% each).

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Question 6: Reference Sources

  • How often do you use the following library reference sources?

  • Indexes and abstracts in print format

  • Indexes and abstracts in electronic format (databases)

  • National bibliographies

  • Books in print for countries other than the U.S.

  • Bibliographies specific to your discipline

  • Encyclopedias, dictionaries, handbooks

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Reference Sources

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Reference Sources

  • Humanities faculty make greater use of a greater variety of types of sources.

  • Humanities faculty posted the highest percentage of frequent users of:

    • National Bibliographies 24%

    • Foreign Books in Print 26%

    • Discipline-specific bibliographies 66%

    • Encyclopedias 50%

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Question 7: Top 3 Reference Sources

Please list the titles of the top three reference sources (databases, indexes, bibliographies, etc.) that you consider essential for doing research in your field.

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Top 3 Reference Sources

The 263 respondents listed 159 different reference sources by title.

  • 102 of these titles were named by only one faculty member.

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Top 3 Reference Sources

All of the top ten choices were electronic:

  • 10. Medline

    • 9. WorldCat

    • 8. EBSCO

    • 7. Lexis Nexis

    • 6. Web of Science

    • 5. ABI Inform

    • 4. JSTOR

    • 3. PsycINFO

    • 2. ERIC

    • 1. MLA Bibliography

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Top 3 Reference Sources

  • Sources named by a large number of people and across the widest variety of departments:

  • ABI InformLexis Nexis

    EBSCOPsycINFO

    ERICWeb of Science

    JSTOR

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Question 8: Research Methods

When identifying library materials for research or teaching purposes, how often do you use the following resources/ methods?

  • General GALILEO Databases

  • Databases or print indexes specific to your discipline

  • Footnotes & bibliographies in books or articles

  • Browsing the library shelves

  • Recommendations of colleagues

  • Internet listservs

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Research Methods

Frequent Users

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Research Methods

Frequent Users

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Question 9: Foreign Languages

  • How often do you use library materials in languages other than English?

    • Frequently

    • Occasionally

    • Rarely or Never

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Foreign Languages

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Questions 10 & 11: Journal Backfiles

10. How often do you use backfiles of journals more than ten years old?

11. Under what circumstances should journal backfile volumes be sent to the Libraries Repository?

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Journal Backfiles

Frequent users of journals more than 10 years old

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Journal Backfiles

Frequent + occasional users of journals more than 10 years old

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Journal Backfiles

When can we send journal backfiles to the Repository?

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Journal Backfiles to Repository

  • Not surprisingly…

  • The heaviest users of older journals are the most opposed to their being sent to the Repository

  • Less frequent users specify a shorter timeframe before journals are sent to the Repository

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Journal Backfiles to Repository

Why not send them to the Repo?

It’s inconvenient

Browsing is vital to research

Missing the serendipity factor

Electronic is not an acceptable substitute (images, graphs, pagination, incomplete coverage)

Should use criteria other than date (journal quality, usage level)

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Question 12: Format Types

In what format(s) do you use the following resources? (please check all that apply)

Books | Journals | Newspapers | Government documents | Collections of primary sources

Options for each were:

Print Electronic Microfilm/fiche N/A

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Format Types: Current Use

All Fields

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Format Types: Current Use

All Fields

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Question 13: Format Preferences

Which statement best represents your

preferences concerning information formats?

  • I prefer to use library materials in electronic format whenever possible.

  • I prefer to use library materials in print format whenever possible.

  • Format makes little or no difference to me as long as the material is available.

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Format Preferences

Humanities

Prefer

electronic

16%

No difference

30%

Prefer print

58%

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Format Preferences

Social Sciences

Prefer

electronic

34%

No difference

30%

Prefer

print

31%

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Format Preferences

Business

No difference

14%

Prefer

print

11%

Print

44%

Print

58%

Prefer

electronic

71%

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Format Preferences

Education

No difference

26%

Prefer

electronic

54%

Prefer

print

21%

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Format Preferences

Family & Consumer Sciences

No difference 15%

Prefer

electronic

54%

Prefer

print

31%

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Format Preferences

Journalism

Prefer

electronic

22%

No difference

33%

Prefer

print

44%

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Electronic

Print

No Difference

Format Preferences

Humanities

Social Sciences

Business

Print

58%

Education

FCS

Journalism


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Format Preferences

  • Sample comments:

  • “I prefer journals in electronic format and books in print”

  • “I prefer electronic format, but availability should be the priority”

  • “the electronic format allows me to access the material from home, even when I’m working at midnight! It is a much more efficient research method for me.”

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Format Preferences

  • Sample comments:

  • “Electronic is backup, searchable, but not a substitute for print”

  • “Access to visual information (photography and visual art) is often better in a print format”

  • “The electronic format is ok only if the page numbers and volume numbers are available”

  • “Print is 10 times easier on my eyes and 20 times easier to move through!”

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Question 14: Format Availability

Which statement best represents your view of the availability of essential research tools (indexes, bibliographies, etc.) in your discipline?

  • Most of the essential research tools in my field are available in electronic format.

  • Some essential research tools are available in electronic format, but others are available only in print.

  • Most of the essential research tools in my field are available only in print format.

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Format Availability

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Question 15: Core vs. Unique Resources

When purchasing new resources, the library should (please check one answer):

  • Place greater emphasis on acquiring core resources in electronic format, even if they duplicate materials already held in print

  • Place greater emphasis on acquiring new or unique materials not already held in another format

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Core vs. Unique Resources

No Response

4%

Duplicate Core

13%

Acquire

New/Unique

84%

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Core vs. Unique Resources

No Response

11%

Duplicate Core

25%

Acquire

New/Unique

66%

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Core vs. Unique Resources

No Response

11%

Acquire

New/Unique

23%

Duplicate Core

66%

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Core vs. Unique Resources

No Response

9%

Acquire

New/Unique

37%

Duplicate Core

54%

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Core vs. Unique Resources

No Response

23%

Duplicate Core

31%

Acquire

New/Unique

46%

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Core vs. Unique Resources

No Response

22%

Duplicate Core

22%

Acquire

New/Unique

56%

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

  • Duplicate

  • New/Unique

  • No Response

Core vs. Unique Resources

Humanities

Social Sciences

Business

Education

FCS

Journalism


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Core vs. Unique Resources

Sample comments:

  • “I’d prefer core materials available in digital format and less-central materials accessed via ILL.”

  • “the key goal should be to acquire as much as possible, not duplicate materials at the expense of not acquiring new materials”

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Core vs. Unique Resources

Sample comments:

  • “Most of us are, by now, comfortable with either format; therefore it seems that diversity of materials, NOT updating of format, should be the priority.”

  • “Breadth is always more important (But then I’m right across the street)”

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Core vs. Unique Resources

Sample comments:

  • “Hard call – I changed my mind twice on this. A balance between the two is optimum, of course…”

  • “This is a tough one. Electronic is key, but not at the expense of getting something important.”

  • “Not sure, leave it to you”

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Question 16: Print Journal Subscriptions

If the library acquires access to a journal in electronic format, it should (please check one answer):

  • Cancel the subscription to the print format of the journal

  • Continue the subscription to the print format of the journal to ensure that back issues will be available in the future

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Print Journal Subscriptions

Areas that expressed a strong preference for continuing the print subscription

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Print Journal Subscriptions

Areas that were divided over the issue:.

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Print Journal Subscriptions

Sample comments:

  • “Unless and until we can be assured of keeping historical versions ‘forever,’ it would be risky to dump the print versions”

  • “But cancel only if there are assurances that back issues will always be available.”

  • “Never fail to get print format”

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Print Journal Subscriptions

Sample comments:

  • “If this is a triage situation, whichever is cheaper”

  • “Why wouldn’t back issues be available in elec. format?”

  • “We should digitize back issues ourselves to ensure continued availability”

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Question 17: E-Books

How important to your research and teaching needs is it for the library to purchase e-books (full-text monographs in electronic format)?

  • Very important

  • Somewhat important

  • Not very important

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Importance of E-Books

Very important

6%

All Fields

Somewhat

important

27%

Not very important

63%

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Importance of E-Books

  • Sample comments:

  • “Journals are terrific in electronic format; books are better in print format”

  • “I hate reading e-books--anything longer than a journal article is too hard to read/process. E-books only marginally better than microfilm.”

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Importance of E-Books

  • Sample comments:

  • “I’ve just discovered netbooks. What a great resource!”

  • “Perhaps I would be more enthusiastic about this if there were enough titles available in my discipline to make looking for e-books worth the effort.”

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Importance of E-Books

  • Sample comments:

  • “I dislike e-books and do not use them: I think they are a waste of money.”

  • “As yet, e-books seem useless. At worst, they might even be part of a conspiracy to move from a purchase model to a rental model for library materials.”

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Finally…

What does it all mean?

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Library is Central to Faculty Research & Teaching

  • As evidenced by:

    • Frequency of visits

    • Frequent use of GIL, the libraries’ catalog

    • Frequent use of library books and journals

    • Reluctance to send journal backfiles to the Repository

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Library is Central to Faculty Research & Teaching

  • “What a great library!”

  • “…we are especially well-served by the staff of the Main Library who do a fantastic job keeping our collection relevant, accessible and user-friendly. Thank you.”

  • “I well know how lucky we are to have such a fantastic library. For my needs, it seems to provide 95% of the items I require.”

  • “I have never been as wonderfully supported by a library in my entire career as I have been since coming to UGA…”

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Significant Differences Among Disciplines

  • Extensive vs. intensive use of materials

  • Receptivity to electronic resources

  • Use of foreign language materials

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

Diversity Within Schools and Departments

Most questions did not have unanimity of opinion…even within a single department.

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

The ‘Transition to Electronic’

Will it really be a straight transition with electronic eventually replacing all print?

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

The ‘Transition to Electronic’

  • Preferences are rarely all-or-nothing

  • Some faculty have specific reasons for disliking print or electronic, rather than a simple like/dislike

  • Some Humanities and Social Sciences faculty consider print the “gold standard” and electronic merely auxiliary

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

The ‘Transition to Electronic’

  • “Electronic collections of every nature--go for it.”

  • “I really appreciate the effort that the library has done in the past years to increase the number of journals online. It has made teaching and research so much easier.”

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

The ‘Transition to Electronic’

  • “While electronic sources are useful…, the director of the libraries should remain keenly aware of the vital importance of print materials to us. The book remains a thing of great beauty in addition to being a useful source that one can hold in his hands and ponder at length. It would be a great mistake to fall victim to the fanciful notion that electronic materials are superior to the printed book and the printed journals. View electronic materials as an aide, not as a replacement for the pillars of civilized society, and your priorities will be straight!”

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

What’s Next

How can this guide our future collection decisions?

Faculty Survey


Survey of library collections use by faculty

UGA Libraries Faculty Survey

Presentation and full report available:

G:\UGALibs\Collection Development\

Faculty Survey

Faculty Survey


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