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Grammar unit4 定语从句小节 2011.11.21 高一。 A PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Grammar unit4 定语从句小节 2011.11.21 高一。 A. Proverbs. 谁笑到最后谁笑得最好。 结局好 , 一切都好。 真正的友谊犹如健康的身体 , 失去时方知其可贵。. He who laughs last laughs best. All is well that end s well. Friendship is like health, the value of which is seldom know until it is lost. 定语从句.

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Grammar unit4 定语从句小节 2011.11.21 高一。 A

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Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

Grammar unit4定语从句小节 2011.11.21 高一。A


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

Proverbs

谁笑到最后谁笑得最好。

结局好, 一切都好。

真正的友谊犹如健康的身体, 失去时方知其可贵。

He wholaughs last laughs best.

All is well thatends well.

Friendship is like health, the value of

which is seldom know until it is lost.


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

定语从句

在复合句中,修饰某一名词或者代词用作定语的句子就叫做定语从句。被定语从句修饰的词,叫先行词。

引导定语从句的关联词有:

关系代词:who,whom

whose,which, that, as

关系副词:when,where,why


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

定语从句的位置

定语从句一定放在被修饰成分之后。

e.g. This isthe carwhich he bought last year.

先行词

定语从句

Do you know the man?

He spoke just now.

Do you know the man who spoke just now?


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

whom指人, 在从句中作宾语, 可省略。

e.g. Do you know the man(whom)we saw at the Beijing Hotel?

The girl is from America.

I called her just now.

The girl(whom ) I called just nowis from America.


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

which指物, 在句中作主语或宾语, 作宾语时可以省略。

e.g. I’m not interested in the bookwhichhas just been published.


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

I have read the newspaperwhich carriesthe important news.

I have read the newspaper.

It carries the important news.


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

I showed him the letter.

I received it this morning

I showed him the letter (which) I received this morning.


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

They’re talking about the film.

I have seen the film.

that指人或物,在从句中做主语或宾语, 作宾语时可以省略。

The house that I’m going to buy faces south.

They’re talking about the film (that) I’ve seen.


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

Jane has borrowed the book.

It was written by Laoshe.

Jane has borrowed the book that was written by Laoshe.


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

* 先行词前有下列词语修饰时, 定语从句必须用that引导。

all, every, any, little, few, much, no, only, very, the+序数词, the+形容词最高级

e.g. This is the cleanest parkthat you can imagine.

e.g. This is the only bookthat has been written in French.


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

e.g. He talked about the things and personshe had visited in the city.

that

* 在who或which引导的特殊疑问句中,限制性定语从句必须用that引导。

e.g. Who is the man is standing over there.

that


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

*先行词在从句中作表语时, 限制性定语从句通常用that引导。(常可省略)

e.g. She is no longer the girl that she was before she went to the country.


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

That’s the machine whose parts are too small to see.

That is the new machine.

The parts of it are too small to see.


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

当先行词是one, ones, anybody, anyone,

all, none, those 等, 指人时一般用who,

不用that。

Those who want to go to the cinema

will have to wait at the gate of the school.

在以疑问词who开头的句子中, 或关系代

词在从句中作表语时, 用that, 不用who。

Who is the man that is shouting there?

She is not the girl that she used to be.


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

3. 先行词是人, 从句中缺动词宾语或

介词宾语时, 用whom或that(介词

后不用that)。

The teacher wants to return the book

to the girl from whom he borrowed it.


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

He is the student (whom, who, that) you

want to see.

关系代词that, which , whom 在从句中作

宾语时可省略掉。但放在介词后面时则

不可省略。


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

The girl got first.

Her father had given us a report.

The girl whose fatherhad given us a report got first.

*whose指人或物,在从句中作定语。

e.g. That’s the man whose house wasburned down.


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

1. The famous basketball star, ____ tried

to make a comeback, attracted a lot of

attention.

A. where B. when C. which D. who

解析:本题考察定语从句关联词的选择,

从句意可知先行词the famous basketball

star(著名的篮球明星)是人, 所以应用

表示人的关联词who。

真题解析

D


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

2. (2006 北京) Women ___ drink more than

two cups of coffee a day have a greater

chance of having heart disease than

those ___ don’t.

A. who;/   B. /; who  C. who; who   D. /;/

Key: C

解析:本题考查两个定语从句, 这两个定语

从句都缺少主语, 在定语从句中, 如果是

关系代词做定语从句的主语, 关系代词不能

省略, 故答案选C。


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

3. (2006 福建) Look out! Don’t get too

close to the house ___ roof is under

repair.

A. whose B. which C. of which D. that

Key A

解析:whose在定语从句中做roof的

定语, 用于修饰house。


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

Choose the best answers:

1. This is all ____ I know about the matter.

A. that B. what C. who D. whether

2. Is there anything else _____ you want?

A. which B. that C. who D. what

3. The last place _____ we visited was

the Great Wall.

A. which B. that C. where D. it


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

4. Please take the second chair __ is over

there.

A. where B. which C. who D. that

5. Is oxygen the only gas __ helps fire burn?

A. that B. / C. which D. it

6. Finally, the thief handed everything

_____ he had stolen to the police.

(NMET98’)

A. which B. what C. whatever D. that


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

7. All of the flowers now raised here have

developed from those ____ in the forest.

A. once the grew B. they grew once

C. that once grew D. once grew.

8. I don’t like ____ you speak to her.

A. the way B. the way in that

C. the way which D. the way of which


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

9. The weather turned out to be very good,

____was more than we expected.

A. what B. which C. that D. it

10. He paid the boy $10 for washing ten

windows; most of ____ hadn’t been

cleaned for ten years.

A. these B. those C. that D. which


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

Fill in the blanks with who, whom, whose, which and that.

1. The man ____ I saw told me to wait.

2. The man to _____ I spoke was a

foreigner.

3. I know a boy ______ father is an

acrobat. (杂技演员)

4. He saw a house _____ windows were

all broken.

who

whom

whose

whose


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

5. All the apples ____ fall are eaten by

wild boars.

6. Can you think of anyone ____ could

look after him?

7. This is the best hotel ____ I know.

8. He showed a machine _____ parts are

too small to be seen.

that

that

that

whose


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

基础练习

1. Is that the house ____ you bought last year? A. where B. which

2. Is that the picture ___ you are laughing at? A. which B.where

3. It is the most interesting book ___ I’ll ever read. A. which B. that

B

A

B


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

4. The street ___ is to the park is very

narrow. A. where B. which

5. The person ___ finds my watch will get

a reward. A. who B. when

6. This is the room __ we listened to the

lecture. A. which B. where

B

A

B


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

7. The boy ___ mother is ill can not

come to the party.

A. who B. whose

8. Tell me the reason ___ you are late.

A. which B. why

B

B


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

填空:

1. Look at that lady______name is Pochi.

2. He is a teacher_________I like very much.

3. Those pictures_________ were drawn by Tom are nice.

4. Those _____ will go to the park stay here.

5. That was all the money ______ I had.

whose

whom/that

which/that

who

that


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

6. Tom is the first boy _____ left the room.

7. Look at the boy and his dog _____ are coming this way.

8. You can read any book _____ I have.

9. That was the year _____ I went to America.

10. we came to the town, ______ we stayed for 2 hours.

that

that

that

when

where


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

1. It is reported that two schools, ____ are

being built in my hometown, will open

next year. (2007 四川)

A. they both B. which both

C. both of them D. both of which

2. We shouldn’t spent our money testing

so many people, most of ___ are healthy.

(2007 北京)

A. that B. which C. what D. whom

高考链接

D

D


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

3. Chan’s restaurant on Baker Street,

____ used to be poorly run, is now a

successful business. (2007 浙江)

A. that B. which C. who D. where

4. Human facial expressions differ from

those of animals in the degree ____

they can be controlled on purpose.

(2007 重庆卷)

A. with which B. to which

C. of which D. for which

B

B


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

5. Last week, only two people came to

look at the house, ____ wanted to buy

it. (2007 安徽)

A. none of them B. both of them

C. none of whom D. neither of whom

6. Eric received training in computer for

one year, _____ he found a job in a big

company. (2007 辽宁)

A. after that B. after which

C. after it D. after this

D

B


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

9. Yesterday she sold her car, ____ she

bought a month ago. (2008浙江)

A. whom B. where

C. that D. which

D


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

翻译

1. 他指给我看他丢钱包的地方。

He showed me the place where he lost his wallet.

2. 我不认识那个和你说话的女孩。

I don’t know the girl whom/that you speak to.

3. 她是一个叫玛丽的女孩。

She is a girl who is called Mary.


Grammar unit4 2011 11 21 a

4. 那些正在打网球的男孩是我的朋友。

Those boys who are playing tennis are my friends.

5. 你记不记得我们到这儿的那一天?

Do you remember the day when we arrived here?


Homework

Homework

1. Finish the exercises on page 29.

2. Read the passage on Page 64. Complete the sentences below, using

who, whom, which, that or whose.


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