AP Review- French & Indian War through American Revolution- (Chps 5-9) Colonial Society on eve of Revolution. HINT- don’t let 1st Great Awakening slip off your APUSH radar- has appeared on 5 of 6 AP released exams- pay special attention to consequences of 1st Great Awakening.
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HINT- don’t let 1st Great Awakening slip off your APUSH radar- has appeared on 5 of 6 AP released exams- pay special attention to consequences of 1st Great Awakening
Wealth-Northern merchants & Southern planters
# of non-English settlers continues to increase-Scots-Irish & Germans move into west as Natives defeated
13 colonies religiously diverse, no single dominant Protestant denomination
Slavery accepted as labor system & legally established in all colonies
Colonial cities=mercantile centers/ports with close economic & cultural ties w/ England
Phillis Wheatley=1st published African American poet
Based on the consent of the governed
Inspired 18th century American revolutionaries
Sovereignty comes from the people-representation should be based on population
Republic=small, limited govt
Standing armies are dangerous
Agrarian life is desired
-Albany Plan of Union- In 1754, representatives from seven colonies met in Albany
-Unite or Die!
THE SEVEN YEARS' WAR (1754-1763)/French & Indian War
Colonists were expanding westward – French wanted to protect fur trade
French build forts to stop them
Young George sent to stop them-yeah right…
War over=England top in North America, French out
Colonists sense of independence, unity
Served w/ British officers & not impressed
PROCLAMATION OF 1763- do not cross the Appalachian Mts!
Cant protect you from Indians/Pontiac- unless you want to pay= TAXES
-Colonists willing to use violence against British policy
-British maintain colonies have no right to independence
-Patriots claim entitled to all rights and privileges of British subjects
Townshend Act- too bad colonists, we own you & can make any law against you
Tea Act- Tea Party
Response= Coercive Acts/Intolerable Acts- 1774
Pay for the tea
Port of Boston closed
no meetings legislative or otherwise allowed in Massachusetts
Common sense- 1776
If your government does not give you your basic rights, get a new one
100,000 copies/ 3 mos (same as 13 million CDs today)
Propaganda to encourage revolt
18th century philosophy stresses reason can be used to improve the human condition
People like TJ & Ben liked this…
God created a universe governed by natural law- discovered by human reason
Yorktown- 1781- last major battle
Treaty of Paris 1783 (where else?)
Outside info In the docs
1. The French and Indian War was a pivotal point in America’s relationship to Great Britain because it led to Great Britain to
2. The Proclamation of 1763
(A) exacted burdensome taxes from the colonists to finance Britain’s war debts.
(B) granted some frontier territory to Native Americans.
(C) prohibited colonists from settling beyond the Appalachians.
(D) established royal governors in the colonies.
(E) made Florida a British territory.
3. Americans responded to Britain’s many new taxes in the 1760s with the line, “No taxation without representation.” What did this mean exactly?
(A) That Americans wanted to have representatives in Parliament before they would accept tax legislation passed there
(B) That only colonial legislatures could tax the colonies
(C) That the colonists would accept virtual representation in fiscal matters
(D) That Parliament put the needs of citizens in England above those of its colonists
(E) That the king was the ultimate representative, and therefore exclusively held the power to tax
4. The Stamp Act crisis was important in the coming of the American Revolution for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:
(A) The colonists demonstrated their willingness to use violence rather than legal means to frustrate British policy.
(B) The crisis coincided with a British decision to garrison regular troops in American cities.
(C) American patriots realized that British inflexibility made revolution virtually inevitable.
(D) The British maintained that the colonies had no right to independence from parliamentary authority.
(E) Patriot leaders claimed that the act denied them their British birthrights.
5. The battle of Saratoga proved vitally important to the American cause because
(A) it encouraged France to provide much-needed military aid.
(B) the impressive British General Burgoyne perished in combat.
(C) Britain surrendered, and the Revolution was won.
(D) it boosted the morale of the Patriots.
(E) it brought France, Spain, and Germany into the conflict on the side of the Americans.
6. France’s support for the United States during the American Revolutionary War was motivated primarily by
(A) enthusiasm for the revolutionary principles espoused by the American
(B) a desire to weaken its rival, Great Britain
(C) a desire to regain Canada and the Floridas
(D) pressures from its ally, Spain
(E) the hope of converting the United States into a French dependency