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ABC’s of History. Calvin Lourens. A. Abstain - to not take part in some event. Affluence – the state of having wealth. Ambush – surprise attack. Arsenal – a storage place for weapons and ammunition. B. Back country – a region of hills and forest. Bicameral – consisting of two

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ABC’s of History

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ABC’s of History

Calvin Lourens


A

Abstain - to not take part in some event

Affluence – the state of

having wealth

Ambush – surprise

attack

Arsenal – a storage place

for weapons and ammunition


B

Back country – a region of hills and forest

Bicameral – consisting of two

houses , chambers , especially in

a legislature.

Blockade runner – a ship

that sails into and out of a

blockaded area.

Burgesses – elected representatives

to an assembly


c

Canal – artificial water way

Capital – money for investment

Caravel – a small fast ship

with a broad bow

Cede – to give up by treaty


D

Debtor – a person that owes

money

Decree – an order or decision

given by authority

Disarmament – removal of

weapons

Diversity – a variety of difference


E

Effigy – a rag figure representing

an unpopular individual

Emancipation – freeing from slavery

Entrenched – occupying a strong

defensive position

Export – a good sold from another

country


F

Famine – an extreme shortage

of food

Freedman – a person freed from

slavery

Frigate - warship

Fugitive – running away or trying

to run away


G

Genocide – the deliberate

destruction of radial, political,

or cultural group

Global warming – a steady increase

in average temperature all over the

world

Greenback - refers to paper

currency that was issued by

the US during the American

civil war

Guerilla – referring to surprise

Attack or raids rather than organized

warfare


H

Habeas Corpus – a legal order

for an inquiry to determine

weather a person has been

lawfully imprisoned

Holocaust – the name given to the

mass slaughter of the Jews and the

other groups by the Nazis during

WW2

Hieroglyphics – an ancient

form of writing using symbols

and pictures to represent

words, sounds, and concepts

Horizontal Integration – the

combining of competing firms into

one corporation


I

Impeach- to formally charge a

public official with misconduct

Implied Powers – powers not

specifically mentioned in the constitution

Import – buying goods from a

foreign market

Ironclad – armored naval vessel


J

Joint Occupation – the possession

and settling of an area shared

by 2 or more countries

Judicial review – the right of the

supreme court to determine if a law

violates the constitution.

Jackson, Andrew – mainly known

for being the seventh president

Judicial Branch – the branch of

government, including the federal

court system that interprets the

nations laws


K

Kansas-Nebraska Act – Kansas was

located above the 36 30 parallel

and it became slave state but

from then on no states above it

may be slave states

Bleeding Kansas – when Kansas was

holding a vote about slavery it ended

up having a mini civil war in it and it

became known as bleeding Kansas

Kentucky – one of the United States

founded in 1792

King George III – was the king of

G.B. during the American

Revolution When the U.S. gained

Freedom.


L

Landslide – an overwhelming victory

Laissez Faire – a policy that government

should interfere as little as possible

with the nations economy

Lynching – putting to death by the

illegal action of a mob

Literacy – the ability to read and write


M

Maize – an early form of corn

grown by native Americans

Majority – more than half

Marshall, John – chief justice in

Marburry v. Madison and

McCullouch v. Maryland

Mission – religious settlement


N

Naturalized Citizen – to give an

immigrant full citizenship

Neutral - taking no side in conflict

Nullify – to cancel or make ineffective

Non importation – the act of not

importing certain goods


O

Ordinance – a law or regulation

Offensive – position of attack or attacking

Override – to overturn or defeat as

a bill passed by congress

Oppose – to take other side


P

Petition – a formal request

Partisan – favoring one side

Privateer – armed private ship

Pilgrimage – a journey to a holy

place


Q

Quakers – a religious group

very tolerant came to America

in search of religious freedom

Quebec , Battle of - a battle in Quebec

which turned out to be a French defeat

Quebec Act – this act set up

a government in Quebec

Quartering of Soldiers – being forced

to house and feed soldiers


R

Recruit – enlisting soldiers into

the army

Radical – extreme

Repeal – cancel an act or law

Ratify – to give official approval


S

Secede – leave or withdraw

Sectionalism – loyalty to a region

Sherman williamtecumseh

Shay’s Rebellion – led by Daniel

Shay they did this because they

wanted to keep their land


T


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