Objectives Locate and label physical features and e arly river civilizations of the Indus River Valley Explain how India’s geography impacted t he development of early settlements Discuss the PERSIA G of the Indus River Valley Civilization. 9/29 & 9/30. 2-2. The Indus River Valley.
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9/29 & 9/30
The Indus River Valley
On what continent is India?
How would you describe the
Geography of India? Take 30
seconds and talk to your neighbor.
Important geographic features:
India is considered a subcontinent because:
What are monsoons?
Winter and summer winds that blow across India
India in the summer
What geographic challenges
did the monsoons represent
for the first civilizations of India?
Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro
were the first civilizations of
India and they
developed on the Indus
Why did they
develop in this location?
the Indus River was
unpredictable. It did leave behind nutrient-rich silt which made the soil fertile for farming.
around 3200 BCE.
Historians know less about Harappa and
the writing system has
never been decoded.
What they do know comes
from these excavated cities. The cities were planned.
How do we know this? Why is that important?
Cows are sacred today
Politically, planned cities suggest a centralized government.
What can you infer about society if all of the houses were the same size?
There were few differences between social classes –
There was no wealthy ruling class
This is also from
Anyone want to guess
what it is?
It’s a toilet. Indoor plumbing was an achievement of
the Indus River civilizations.
The great bath and granary at Mohenjo-Daro
The Ganges River in the east would become the center of later civilizations in India.