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Context Clues Sentence Diagrams

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### Context Clues Sentence Diagrams

RWA 1.3 Initial Instruction AMERCIAS

Vocabulary and Concept Development

- In order to help readers understand new or complex ideas, writers often use context clues within the text to clarify words.
- They define words.
- They give examples of words.
- They restate words in another way.
- They contrast words with their opposites.

- We do the same when we are trying to insure our readers understand our ideas and our teachers are clear about our understanding.

Let’s Practice

- We’re going to choose some vocabulary words from the history textbook.
- We’ll read to understand their meanings.
- We’ll look for ways the textbook writer used context clues.
- We’ll write original sentences which include context clues to show our understanding of the term.

Among the important responsibilities of

the priests was preserving the religion, history,

and poetry of the people. To record

their religion and history, the Aztec made

books that historians refer to as codices

(KOH•duh• SEEZ). Aztec codices were painted

on deerskin, cloth, or paper made from the

bark of fig trees. The Aztec produced so

many books that they used the equivalent

of nearly 500,000 sheets of paper per year.

Each Aztec book, or codex, was a single

strip, up to 40 feet (12 m) long, that was

folded in a zig-zag pattern to make a book.

Pages were read from top to bottom and

consisted of brightly painted images and

pictograms showing events and people in

Aztec history. Most of these Aztec books

were lost after the Spanish conquered the

Aztec and broke up their empire. Those that

survive provide historians with much information

about Aztec life.

Step 2: READ

Let’s read page 461 from Chapter 9.2 The Americas to see what context clues the textbook writer gave us to understand what codices are.

Among the important responsibilities of

the priests was preserving the religion, history,

and poetry of the people. To record

their religion and history, the Aztec made

books that historians refer to as codices

(KOH•duh• SEEZ). Aztec codices were painted

on deerskin, cloth, or paper made from the

bark of fig trees. The Aztec produced so

many books that they used the equivalent

of nearly 500,000 sheets of paper per year.

Each Aztec book, or codex, was a single

strip, up to 40 feet (12 m) long, that was

folded in a zig-zag pattern to make a book.

Pages were read from top to bottom and

consisted of brightly painted images and

pictograms showing events and people in

Aztec history. Most of these Aztec books

were lost after the Spanish conquered the

Aztec and broke up their empire. Those that

survive provide historians with much information

about Aztec life.

Textbook authors don’t always give all four context clues.

What words from this text helped us understand?

Let’s take some notes from this into our definition box.

Word pg. 461

Word pg. 464

Let’s read page 464 to learn what a quipu is.

Building large structures required the

Inca to develop a method for doing mathematical calculations. The Inca used a quipu(KEE • poo), a rope with knotted cords of different lengths and colors. Each knot represented a number or item. Quipu was also

used to keep records. Like the Aztec, the

Inca relied on oral tradition to pass on most

of their wisdom and knowledge.

The Inca were also skilled engineers.

Workers fit stones so tightly together that a

knife could not slip between them. Because

the Inca used no mortar, the stone blocks

could slide up and down without collapsing

during earthquakes.

Building large structures required the Inca to develop a method for doing mathematical calculations. The Inca used a quipu(KEE • poo), a rope with knotted cords of different lengths and colors. Each knot represented a number or item. Quipu was also

used to keep records. Like the Aztec, the Inca relied on oral tradition to pass on most

of their wisdom and knowledge.

What words helped us learn what aquipuis?

quipu a method for doing mathematical calculations. The Inca used a

conquistador a method for doing mathematical calculations. The Inca used a

Word pg. 471-472

Columbus Returns Columbus set out again a method for doing mathematical calculations. The Inca used a

in 1493. This time, he came to conquer, bringing

soldiers to help him. In the spring of

1494, the Spanish landed on Hispaniola.

The Taino who lived on Hispaniola got

their first look at the conquistadors (kahn •

KEES • tuh • DAWRZ), the soldier-explorers sent

to the Americas by Spain. What they saw

frightened them. Armor-clad men rode on

armor-clad horses. Snarling dogs ran by

their sides. In a show of power, the soldiers

fired guns that spit out flames and lead

balls.

Let’s read pages 471-472 to find out what a conquistador is.

Columbus Returns Columbus set out again a method for doing mathematical calculations. The Inca used a

in 1493. This time, he came to conquer, bringing soldiers to help him. In the spring of

1494, the Spanish landed on Hispaniola.

The Taino who lived on Hispaniola got

their first look at the conquistadors (kahn •

KEES • tuh • DAWRZ), the soldier-explorers sent to the Americas by Spain. What they saw frightened them. Armor-clad men rode on armor-clad horses. Snarling dogs ran by

their sides. In a show of power, the soldiers

fired guns that spit out flames and lead

balls.

What words help us understand what a conquistador is?

conquistador a method for doing mathematical calculations. The Inca used a

You Try! a method for doing mathematical calculations. The Inca used a

Step 1: Write your vocab word in the center box.

Step 2: Read the selection which has the vocab word.

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