journal club
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Journal Club

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 21

Journal Club - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 81 Views
  • Uploaded on

Journal Club. Alcohol, Other Drugs, and Health: Current Evidence March–April 2014. Featured Article. Gabapentin Can Decrease Heavy Drinking and Increase Abstinence for Patients with Alcohol Dependence. Mason BJ, et al. JAMA Intern Med . 2014;174(1):70–77. Study Objective.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Journal Club' - constance-downs


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
journal club

Journal Club

Alcohol, Other Drugs, and Health: Current Evidence

March–April 2014

featured article
Featured Article

Gabapentin Can Decrease Heavy Drinking and Increase Abstinence for Patients with Alcohol Dependence

Mason BJ, et al. JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(1):70–77.

study objective
Study Objective
  • To determine whether gabapentin can increase rates of sustained abstinence and decrease rates of heavy drinking.

www.aodhealth.org

study design
Study Design
  • A 12-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized dose-ranging trial comparing three groups (N = 150 adults with current alcohol dependence). All groups received counseling.
  • The three groups received:
    • Gabapentin 900 mg/day
    • Gabapentin 1800 mg/day
    • Gabapentin 0 mg/day (control)

www.aodhealth.org

assessing validity of an article about therapy
Assessing Validity of an Article about Therapy
  • Are the results valid?
  • What are the results?
  • How can I apply the results to patient care?

www.aodhealth.org

are the results valid
Are the Results Valid?
  • Were patients randomized?
  • Was randomization concealed?
  • Were patients analyzed in the groups to which they were randomized?
  • Were patients in the treatment and control groups similar with respect to known prognostic variables?

www.aodhealth.org

are the results valid cont d
Are the Results Valid?(cont‘d)
  • Were patients aware of group allocation?
  • Were clinicians aware of group allocation?
  • Were outcome assessors aware of group allocation?
  • Was follow-up complete?

www.aodhealth.org

were patients randomized
Were patients randomized?
  • Yes.
    • Patients were randomized using a computer-generated randomization code.
    • Patients were randomized in a 1:1:1 ratio.

www.aodhealth.org

was randomization concealed
Was randomization concealed?
  • Yes.
    • The randomization code was kept by the study pharmacist who administered the medication.

www.aodhealth.org

were patients aware of group allocation
Were patients aware of group allocation?
  • No.
    • Patients were blinded to group allocation.

www.aodhealth.org

were clinicians aware of group allocation
Were clinicians aware of group allocation?
  • No.
    • Only the study pharmacist was aware of group allocation. Other researchers or clinicians were not.

www.aodhealth.org

was follow up complete
Was follow-up complete?
  • No.
    • The trial was 12 weeks long and patients were administered medication weekly.
    • Number of patients who provided 12-week data for analysis:
      • Gabapentin 900 mg group: 27 of 54 initially enrolled
      • Gabapentin 1800 mg group: 28 of 47 initially enrolled
      • Control group: 30 of 49 initially enrolled

www.aodhealth.org

what are the results
What Are the Results?
  • How large was the treatment effect?
  • How precise was the estimate of the treatment effect?

www.aodhealth.org

how large was the treatment effect
How large was the treatment effect?
  • Gabapentin had a significant linear dose effect in increasing rates of abstinence (P = 0.04).
  • The rate of 12-week abstinence was:
    • Gabapentin 900 mg group: 11.1% (95% CI, 5.2%–22.2%)
    • Gabapentin 1800 mg group: 17% (95% CI, 8.9%–30.1%;

NNT = 8; OR = 4.8)

    • Control: 4.1% (95% CI, 1.1%–13.7%)
  • The rate of no heavy drinking at 12 weeks was:
    • Gabapentin 900 mg group: 29.6% (95% CI, 19.1%–42.8%)
    • Gabapentin 1800 mg group: 44.7% (95% CI, 31.4%–58.8%; NNT = 5; OR = 2.8)
    • Control: 22.5% (95% CI, 13.6%–37.2%)

www.aodhealth.org

17

how can i apply the results to patient care
How Can I Apply the Results to Patient Care?
  • Were the study patients similar to the patients in my practice?
  • Were all clinically important outcomes considered?
  • Are the likely treatment benefits worth the potential harm and costs?

www.aodhealth.org

were the study patients similar to those in my practice
Were the study patients similar to those in my practice?
  • The patients were treatment-seeking adult volunteers.
  • All were people with current DSM-IV alcoholdependence; the majority had moderate dependence.
  • They were excluded if urine toxicology screens revealed the use of any other substances besides alcohol or nicotine.
  • They could not have significant medical or psychiatric disorders.

www.aodhealth.org

are the likely treatment benefits worth the potential harm and costs
Are the likely treatment benefits worth the potential harm and costs?
  • Possibly.
    • There were no differences in the rate of termination due to adverse events by study arm. Costs were not considered.
    • Due to the loss to follow-up, further studies into acceptability and efficacy of gabapentin for treating alcohol use disorders are needed.
    • Results may not be generalizable since it was a single-site study.
    • The overlapping confidence intervals across the study groups suggest that widespread use of the treatment for dependence should await a larger effectiveness trial.

www.aodhealth.org

ad