Theoretical advancement in economic geography by engaged pluralism
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Theoretical advancement in economic geography by engaged pluralism. Robert Hassink Dept . of Geography, University of Kiel, Germany. Fragmented vs. engaged pluralism (Barnes & Sheppard 2010).

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Theoretical advancement in economic geography by engaged pluralism

Theoretical advancement in economic geography by engaged pluralism

Robert Hassink

Dept. of Geography,

University of Kiel,

Germany


Theoretical advancement in economic geography by engaged pluralism

Fragmented

vs.

engaged pluralism (Barnes & Sheppard 2010)


Theoretical advancement in economic geography by engaged pluralism

Evolutionary economic geography analyses and explains “the processes by which the economic landscape – the spatial organisation of economic production, circulation, exchange, distribution and

consumption – is transformed from within over time” (Boschma & Martin 2010, 6).

“why it is that some regional economies become locked into development paths that lose dynamism, whilst other regional economies seem able to avoid this danger” (Martin & Sunley 2006, 395)


Theoretical advancement in economic geography by engaged pluralism

Aim:

advancing evolutionary economic geography by reviewing its core critique and proposed solutions, particularly that of geographical political economy.


Theoretical advancement in economic geography by engaged pluralism

  • Introduction

  • Evolutionaryeconomicgeography

  • Critique

  • Alternative paradigms

  • Empiricalreflection: locked in decline?

  • Conclusions


Theoretical advancement in economic geography by engaged pluralism

Source: Boschma & Frenken 2006


Theoretical advancement in economic geography by engaged pluralism

  • Evolutionaryconceptsandnotes:

  • Path dependenceand lock-ins,

  • Relatedandunrelatedvariety,

  • Co-evolution,

  • Sunkcosts,

  • Cluster lifecycles.


Theoretical advancement in economic geography by engaged pluralism

‘‘A path-dependent process or system is one whose outcome evolves as a consequence of the process’s or system’s own history’’ (Martin & Sunley, 2006, 399)

Path dependence is not past dependence;

it is rather a contingent process

‘‘Lock-in is this notion that most fully captures the idea that the combination of historical contingency and the emergence of self-reinforcing effects, steers a technology, industry or regional economy along one ‘path’ rather than another’’ (Martin 2010, 3)


Theoretical advancement in economic geography by engaged pluralism

Source: Boschma & Frenken 2006


Theoretical advancement in economic geography by engaged pluralism

Source: Boschma & Frenken 2006


Theoretical advancement in economic geography by engaged pluralism

3. Critique

Pike et al 2009, MacKinnon et al 2009:

limited importance attached to institutions

under-conceptualized notion of social agency and power

neglected multi-scalar interrelatedness and embeddedness of firms


Theoretical advancement in economic geography by engaged pluralism

Source: Hassink & Klaerding 2012


Theoretical advancement in economic geography by engaged pluralism

4. Alternative paradigms

Geographical political economy

Institutional economic geography

Relational economic geography


Theoretical advancement in economic geography by engaged pluralism

5. Empirical reflection: locked in decline?

Hassink, R. (2010) Locked in decline? On the role of regional lock-ins in old industrial areas. The Handbook of Evolutionary Economic Geography, 450.

"When the wind of change blows, some build walls, others build windmills“

当风向改变时,有的人筑墙,有的人造风车

Chinese proverb


Theoretical advancement in economic geography by engaged pluralism

Monostructure despite strong de-industrialisation after reunification

All yards are part of larger concern

Strong competition with East Asian shipyards

Strong state support (federal state, Land, EU) to modernise production capacities (3 billion €, 500,000 € per job) => capacity limitation


Theoretical advancement in economic geography by engaged pluralism

yards

Yard cities

Local trade

unions

State of

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

Shipbuilding

Association

Federal government

European Shipbuilding

Association

European Commission


Theoretical advancement in economic geography by engaged pluralism

  • Lobby:

  • Against capacity limitation

  • Against alleged dumping prices of Korean yards

    Results:

  • Capacity limitations have become less strict

  • WTO case and due to that allowance of subsidies (84 million €)


Theoretical advancement in economic geography by engaged pluralism

  • Westmünsterland

  • History

  • cross-border textile region since the 19th Century

  • impulses from Twente (the Netherlands)

  • early 1960s about 75% of manufacturing employment in the textile industry

  • crisisand de-industrialisation


Theoretical advancement in economic geography by engaged pluralism

  • Political reactions

  • Little protest against plant

  • closures => “quiet” restructuring due to the lack of lock-ins:

  • few subsidies

  • support for new industry

  • entrepreneur Schmitz


Theoretical advancement in economic geography by engaged pluralism

Company reactions

Technical textiles:

Examples: car industry,

medical technology, fishery,

road and railroad construction,

agriculture


Theoretical advancement in economic geography by engaged pluralism

  • Daegu

  • History

  • genesis during colonial period

  • strong growth during 1960s/1970s (targeted industry)

  • natural fibres => synthetic fibres

  • crisisand de-industrialisation


Theoretical advancement in economic geography by engaged pluralism

Political reactions

Milano-Project

1999-2003

Strongly subsidised: € 650 mill.

Kim Dae-Jung’s official pledge (공약)

& regionalism

Aim:


Theoretical advancement in economic geography by engaged pluralism

  • Fashion industry

  • Upgrading textile

  • Exhibitions

  • Problems:

  • Conflicts

  • Gap


Theoretical advancement in economic geography by engaged pluralism

6. Conclusions

Evolutionary economic geography has some clear and powerful theoretical notions

In order to overcome shortcomings in favour of engaged pluralism => incorporating institutional and relational economic geography => evolutionary economic geography as a pluralistic project

In favour of theoretical stability


Theoretical advancement in economic geography by engaged pluralism

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