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Railroads in Illinois. Analyzing Population Growth in Carbondale and Du Quoin with the expansion of the Railroad over 150 years. The 1800’s witnessed dramatic expansion of the railroads throughout the United States. Early Railroad Planning Map for Illinois. 1852 - 1854.

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slide1

Railroads in Illinois

Analyzing Population Growth in Carbondale and Du Quoin with the expansion of the Railroad over 150 years.

1852 1854
1852 - 1854
  • Illinois Central Railroad builds railroad line from Cairo to Chicago
  • Entrepreneurs in Du Quoin and Carbondale purchase land near the planned rail lines.
  • The cities of Du Quoin and Carbondale are surveyed and plots sold to potential citizens.
  • Both cities incorporate in 1853
  • The first train rolls through the cities on July 4th, 1854.
southern illinois grows
Southern Illinois Grows

Railroad Depots now indicated on maps.

1856

1861

slide13

Railroad travel was the preferred mode in the early 1900’s and the number of passengers grew dramatically.

Photos supplied by family of Celeste Naumer Flavell

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Population

CensusData Through 1920

Data as shown on TI-83 Calculator

exponential regressions
Exponential Regressions

Du Quoin

Carbondale

Note: Logistic Regression will not work with the given data. The calculator gave a domain error.

predictions for 2000
Predictions for 2000

Carbondale

Du Quoin

Evaluate the exponential regression equations using the data through 1920 at the year 2000

how good was prediction
How good was prediction

Du Quoin

Carbondale

Using Exponential Regressions, Carbondale was very close, but Du Quoin was far from correct.

Du Quoin

Original regression lines with all data.

Carbondale: Predicted

exponential graphs
Exponential Graphs

Carbondale

Du Quoin

All data was used to compute regression curve.

logistic regressions
Logistic Regressions

Carbondale

Du Quoin

Carbondale

Du Quoin

conclusions
Conclusions

The populations of Carbondale and Du Quoin can be modeled with a logistic equation that will predict population more accurately that an exponential regression.

It appeared that both towns were growing exponentially prior to 1920 due to the fast growth of railroad usage for travel and freight.

Carbondale still grew at a near exponential rate due to the expansion of SIU in the 1960’s. Du Quoin’s population leveled off and has shown little change in many years. Has SIU originally located just north of Du Quoin as was discussed, the population curves may be reversed.

railroad movies
Railroad Movies

A romance of the rail / Thomas A. Edison, Inc.

CREATED/PUBLISHED United States : Edison Manufacturing Co., 1903.

Black Diamond express / Thomas A. Edison, Inc. ; producer, James White.

CREATED/PUBLISHED United States : Edison Manufacturing Co., 1896.

Arrival of McKinley\'s funeral train at Canton, Ohio / Thomas A. Edison, Inc.

OTHER TITLES Funeral train arriving at Canton Station

CREATED/PUBLISHED United States : Thomas A. Edison, Inc., 1901.

Going through the tunnel / Thomas A. Edison, Inc. ; producer, James White.

CREATED/PUBLISHED United States : Edison Manufacturing Co., 1898

Freight train / Thomas A. Edison, Inc. ; producer, James White.

CREATED/PUBLISHED United States : Edison Manufacturing Co., 1898.

current passenger train
Current Passenger Train

View a short movie

links and references
Links and References

SIU-Carbondale Site for Adventures of the American Mind

http://www.aam.siu.edu/siuc/index.asp

American Memories Collection

http://memory.loc.gov/

Library of Congress Site

http://www.loc.gov/

Southern Illinois University at Carbondale

http://www.siuc.edu/

Citing Internet Resources –

http://www.classroom.com/community/connection/howto/citeresources.jhtml

Perry County Historical Society Book – 1984

United States Census 1850 through 2000

International Historical Statistics, The Americas

City of Carbondale Website

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