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Railroads in Illinois. Analyzing Population Growth in Carbondale and Du Quoin with the expansion of the Railroad over 150 years. The 1800’s witnessed dramatic expansion of the railroads throughout the United States. Early Railroad Planning Map for Illinois. 1852 - 1854.

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Railroads in Illinois

Analyzing Population Growth in Carbondale and Du Quoin with the expansion of the Railroad over 150 years.



Early Railroad Planning Map for Illinois throughout the United States.


1852 1854
1852 - 1854 throughout the United States.

  • Illinois Central Railroad builds railroad line from Cairo to Chicago

  • Entrepreneurs in Du Quoin and Carbondale purchase land near the planned rail lines.

  • The cities of Du Quoin and Carbondale are surveyed and plots sold to potential citizens.

  • Both cities incorporate in 1853

  • The first train rolls through the cities on July 4th, 1854.


Carbondale depot
Carbondale Depot throughout the United States.


Carbondale
Carbondale throughout the United States.


Depot at du quoin
Depot at Du Quoin throughout the United States.


Southern Illinois Railroad Plans 1854 throughout the United States.


Southern Illinois Railroad Plans throughout the United States.


Southern illinois grows
Southern Illinois Grows throughout the United States.

Railroad Depots now indicated on maps.

1856

1861


Passenger train travel
Passenger Train Travel throughout the United States.


Railroad travel was the preferred mode in the early 1900’s and the number of passengers grew dramatically.

Photos supplied by family of Celeste Naumer Flavell


Passenger traffic data
Passenger Traffic Data and the number of passengers grew dramatically.


Population and the number of passengers grew dramatically.

CensusData Through 1920

Data as shown on TI-83 Calculator


Populations through 1920
Populations through 1920 and the number of passengers grew dramatically.


Exponential regressions
Exponential Regressions and the number of passengers grew dramatically.

Du Quoin

Carbondale

Note: Logistic Regression will not work with the given data. The calculator gave a domain error.


Predictions for 2000
Predictions for 2000 and the number of passengers grew dramatically.

Carbondale

Du Quoin

Evaluate the exponential regression equations using the data through 1920 at the year 2000


How good was prediction
How good was prediction and the number of passengers grew dramatically.

Du Quoin

Carbondale

Using Exponential Regressions, Carbondale was very close, but Du Quoin was far from correct.

Du Quoin

Original regression lines with all data.

Carbondale: Predicted


Moving on to 2000
Moving on to 2000 and the number of passengers grew dramatically.


Current amtrak routes
Current Amtrak Routes and the number of passengers grew dramatically.


New carbondale depot
New Carbondale Depot and the number of passengers grew dramatically.


Current du quoin depot
Current Du Quoin Depot and the number of passengers grew dramatically.


Only 2 stops per day in du quoin
Only 2 stops per day in Du Quoin and the number of passengers grew dramatically.


CensusData Through 2000 and the number of passengers grew dramatically.


Populations through 2000
Populations through 2000 and the number of passengers grew dramatically.


Exponential graphs
Exponential Graphs and the number of passengers grew dramatically.

Carbondale

Du Quoin

All data was used to compute regression curve.


Exponential predictions
Exponential Predictions and the number of passengers grew dramatically.


Logistic regressions
Logistic Regressions and the number of passengers grew dramatically.

Carbondale

Du Quoin

Carbondale

Du Quoin


Logistic predictions
Logistic Predictions and the number of passengers grew dramatically.


Conclusions
Conclusions and the number of passengers grew dramatically.

The populations of Carbondale and Du Quoin can be modeled with a logistic equation that will predict population more accurately that an exponential regression.

It appeared that both towns were growing exponentially prior to 1920 due to the fast growth of railroad usage for travel and freight.

Carbondale still grew at a near exponential rate due to the expansion of SIU in the 1960’s. Du Quoin’s population leveled off and has shown little change in many years. Has SIU originally located just north of Du Quoin as was discussed, the population curves may be reversed.


Railroad movies
Railroad Movies and the number of passengers grew dramatically.

A romance of the rail / Thomas A. Edison, Inc.

CREATED/PUBLISHED United States : Edison Manufacturing Co., 1903.

Black Diamond express / Thomas A. Edison, Inc. ; producer, James White.

CREATED/PUBLISHED United States : Edison Manufacturing Co., 1896.

Arrival of McKinley's funeral train at Canton, Ohio / Thomas A. Edison, Inc.

OTHER TITLES Funeral train arriving at Canton Station

CREATED/PUBLISHED United States : Thomas A. Edison, Inc., 1901.

Going through the tunnel / Thomas A. Edison, Inc. ; producer, James White.

CREATED/PUBLISHED United States : Edison Manufacturing Co., 1898

Freight train / Thomas A. Edison, Inc. ; producer, James White.

CREATED/PUBLISHED United States : Edison Manufacturing Co., 1898.


Current passenger train
Current Passenger Train and the number of passengers grew dramatically.

View a short movie


Links and references
Links and References and the number of passengers grew dramatically.

SIU-Carbondale Site for Adventures of the American Mind

http://www.aam.siu.edu/siuc/index.asp

American Memories Collection

http://memory.loc.gov/

Library of Congress Site

http://www.loc.gov/

Southern Illinois University at Carbondale

http://www.siuc.edu/

Citing Internet Resources –

http://www.classroom.com/community/connection/howto/citeresources.jhtml

Perry County Historical Society Book – 1984

United States Census 1850 through 2000

International Historical Statistics, The Americas

City of Carbondale Website


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