The sixties the times they are a changin
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The Sixties: “The Times They are a- Changin ”. Unit 10 chapters 20, 22, and 23 Gateway Chapter 15 Part 1. I. The Kennedy Years A. Young, Idealistic, elected 1960 B. Promised a “New Frontier,” using federal power to solve problems at home and defend freedom abroad

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The Sixties: “The Times They are a- Changin ”

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The sixties the times they are a changin

The Sixties: “The Times They are a-Changin”

Unit 10 chapters 20, 22, and 23

Gateway Chapter 15

Part 1


The sixties the times they are a changin

I. The Kennedy Years

A. Young, Idealistic, elected 1960

B. Promised a “New Frontier,” using federal power to solve problems at home and defend freedom abroad

C. Space Program – competed with the Soviets


The sixties the times they are a changin

D. Brought attention to disabled persons

  • President’s Council on Mental Retardation

  • Special Olympics

  • Set up federal commission to report on the status of women and signed the Equal Pay Act

  • Other “New Frontier” reforms, involving taxes, housing, and civil rights, were halted in Congress.


The sixties the times they are a changin

  • Kennedy was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald in November 1963.


The sixties the times they are a changin

II. The Johnson Years

A. Lyndon B. Johnson became President in 1963

  • experienced manager of the Senate

  • began by passing much of Kennedy’s reform legislation as a tribute

    B. Johnson called for a War on Poverty

  • The Economic Opportunity Act established programs like:

    a. Job Corps to train youths

    b. VISTA – a domestic “peace corps”


The sixties the times they are a changin

  • Johnson won a landslide victory against Barry Goldwater in 1964, giving him control of Congress

  • proposed his “Great Society” reform program, the most ambitious since the New Deal.


The sixties the times they are a changin

  • Medicare and Medicaid gave health insurance to seniors, the poor, children, pregnant women, and the disabled. These were the most enduring of all the “Great Society” programs.

  • Federal money was given to education, like Project Head Start for low-income youths.

  • The Housing and Urban Development Act gave federal aid to the poor areas of cities.


The sixties the times they are a changin

  • The Appalachian Regional Development Act gave aid to one of America’s poorest regions.

  • The Immigrations Act of 1965 replaced the previous system based on national origins by establishing the same immigration quota for all countries.

  • Other achievements included the creation of the National Foundation for the Arts and Humanities, a higher minimum wage, environmental reform, and the creation of PBS.


The sixties the times they are a changin

III. The Warren Court

  • The Supreme Court under Earl Warren became an instrument of social change, expanding the rights of all Americans. Some Americans opposed such judicial activism.

  • The Court made important decision on freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and rights for criminal suspects in cases like Yates v. United States, Baker v. Carr, Engel v. Vitale, Gideon v. Wainwright, and Miranda v. Arizona.


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