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Introduction to computers
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Introduction to Computers. Seminar I. Parts of the Computer. Personal Computer a PC (any non-Mac computer) has four major pieces of hardware--keyboard, mouse, monitor, central processing unit (CPU). Macs have the same four components, but use different software for the operating system.

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Introduction to Computers

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Introduction to computers

Introduction to Computers

Seminar I

Parts of the computer

Parts of the Computer

  • Personal Computer

  • a PC (any non-Mac computer) has four major pieces of hardware--keyboard, mouse, monitor, central processing unit (CPU). Macs have the same four components, but use different software for the operating system.

Parts of the computer1

Parts of the Computer

  • Mouse

  • The mouse allows you to point & click, highlight text, etc.

  • Use the right click function to access a menu of functions relevant to the text, image or graph you're working on.

  • You can also use Shft-F10 on the keyboard, if using a mouse is not an option for you.

Parts of the computer2

Parts of the Computer

  • CPU

  • The central processing unit is the guts of a computer. This schematic gives you some sense of all the stuff inside--hard drive, sound cards, memory cards, etc. Many of us never open the computer to see the inside, but if you want to add memory or upgrade a sound card, you will need to open the computer. It's not hard to add cards and most come with good instructions.

Parts of the computer3

Parts of the Computer

  • Drives

  • There are several drives that you'll use to save your work. The C: drive is where My Documents is located. It also stores all the programs that make the software run. They do crash, so be sure to backup your work to a second storage device, like a CD or flash drive!

Parts of the computer4

Parts of the Computer

  • Storage Devices

  • Floppy disks don't hold a lot of information. CD's do. But the most portable storage is a memory card--a flash drive, jump drive, USB key.

Parts of the computer5

Parts of the Computer

  • Printer

  • Ink jet and laser printers are most common. Save paper! Use Print Preview before printing.

Parts of the computer6

Parts of the Computer

  • Scanner

  • Scanners allow you to scan a photo, a document, or any flat object. Anything you want to add to a document can be scanned and saved in an image format, like .jpg for a photo or .pdf for an image of text.

Parts of the computer7

Parts of the Computer

  • Speakers

  • Speakers make audio possible from the Web or a CD. Your PC needs a sound card for speakers to work. Most new PC's come with sound cards installed.

Operating system os

Operating System (OS)

  • Many PC’s use the Windows XP Operating System. It is easy to navigate through the system with the Start Menu, Quick Launch Bar, Taskbar, and Desktop Icons.

Microsoft office

Microsoft Office

  • Microsoft Office is a software package of many programs that are useful for everyday office – or school – tasks. Office 2003 includes Access (databases), Excel (spreadsheets), InfoPath (forms), Outlook (email), PowerPoint (presentations), Publisher (publications), and Word (word processing).

Introduction to computers


  • This is what you see when you first open Word.

Word icons

Word - icons

  • You can drag your mouse over the icons to see their functions.

Word typing

Word - typing

  • Type text into the blank white area.

  • Press Enter to move to the next line.

  • Use Spell Check to check your spelling.

Word editing text

Word – editing text

  • Hold down the left mouse button while moving the mouse cursor over a word. This highlights the word.

  • Now, watch the word’s font style change as you press bold, italics and underline.

Word opening documents

Word – opening documents

  • In order to see a document that was already created, you need to open it.

Word opening documents1

Word – opening documents

Look on the Desktop and double click on the “English seminars” folder. Choose the file WordPractice and open it.

Word editing an existing document

Word – editing an existing document

  • Once you have opened a document, you can begin typing and editing.

Word saving documents

Word – saving documents

  • It is important to save your document often.

Word saving documents1

Word – saving documents

  • As when opening a file, choosing “Save As” brings up a window like this.

Word saving documents2

Word – saving documents

  • You can change the name of your document to NameWordPractice (example: AlisonWordPractice)

  • Save it to the “English seminars” folder on the Desktop.

Word formatting practice

Word – formatting practice

  • Now, practice editing the appearance of the text in the document you have opened.

  • Click on these icons to change the appearance.

Word formatting practice1

Word – formatting practice

  • Highlight the title of the text.

  • Click the bold icon.

Word formatting practice2

Word – formatting practice

  • Now, change the font to Times New Roman.

  • Change the font size to 16.

Word formatting practice3

Word – formatting practice

  • If you make a mistake or do not like the format, you can undo it!

  • Choose Edit – Undo to undo the last action or Edit – Clear – Formats to undo all formats.

Word formatting practice4

Word – formatting practice

  • The default alignment is left.

  • Change the alignment of the title to center by highlighting the title and clicking the Center icon.

Word practice

Word - practice

  • Now, read the text on the document.

  • Next, read all four of the questions and choose which question is not appropriate for the text.

  • Highlight that question and its answers. Press the Delete key on the keyboard.

  • Type in a new question. Remember to include the correct number!

  • After typing the question, press Enter. Then press Tab, type a. and then the first possible answer. Continue for answers b. and c.

Word practice1

Word - practice

  • You have edited a test you could use with your pupils or use to practice your own English!

  • Be sure to save your document. Simply click the Save icon.

Word printing

Word - printing

  • Before you print, preview the document to be sure the format is correct and paper is not wasted.

Word printing1

Word - printing

  • To print your document choose File – Print or simply click the Print icon.

Summing up

Summing up

  • Today we:

    • Learned about the basic hardware and software of the computer

    • Learned about the basic features of Microsoft Word 2003

    • Edited a document using Word

Information and images in this presentation were taken from Plattsburgh’s tutorials found at

Summing up1

Summing up

  • Any questions?

  • At the next seminar we will:

    • Practice creating documents with pictures and tables in Word.

    • Learn about PowerPoint and create a mini-presentation.

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