Introduction to computers
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Introduction to Computers. Seminar I. Parts of the Computer. Personal Computer a PC (any non-Mac computer) has four major pieces of hardware--keyboard, mouse, monitor, central processing unit (CPU). Macs have the same four components, but use different software for the operating system.

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Introduction to Computers

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Introduction to Computers

Seminar I

Parts of the Computer

  • Personal Computer

  • a PC (any non-Mac computer) has four major pieces of hardware--keyboard, mouse, monitor, central processing unit (CPU). Macs have the same four components, but use different software for the operating system.

Parts of the Computer

  • Mouse

  • The mouse allows you to point & click, highlight text, etc.

  • Use the right click function to access a menu of functions relevant to the text, image or graph you're working on.

  • You can also use Shft-F10 on the keyboard, if using a mouse is not an option for you.

Parts of the Computer

  • CPU

  • The central processing unit is the guts of a computer. This schematic gives you some sense of all the stuff inside--hard drive, sound cards, memory cards, etc. Many of us never open the computer to see the inside, but if you want to add memory or upgrade a sound card, you will need to open the computer. It's not hard to add cards and most come with good instructions.

Parts of the Computer

  • Drives

  • There are several drives that you'll use to save your work. The C: drive is where My Documents is located. It also stores all the programs that make the software run. They do crash, so be sure to backup your work to a second storage device, like a CD or flash drive!

Parts of the Computer

  • Storage Devices

  • Floppy disks don't hold a lot of information. CD's do. But the most portable storage is a memory card--a flash drive, jump drive, USB key.

Parts of the Computer

  • Printer

  • Ink jet and laser printers are most common. Save paper! Use Print Preview before printing.

Parts of the Computer

  • Scanner

  • Scanners allow you to scan a photo, a document, or any flat object. Anything you want to add to a document can be scanned and saved in an image format, like .jpg for a photo or .pdf for an image of text.

Parts of the Computer

  • Speakers

  • Speakers make audio possible from the Web or a CD. Your PC needs a sound card for speakers to work. Most new PC's come with sound cards installed.

Operating System (OS)

  • Many PC’s use the Windows XP Operating System. It is easy to navigate through the system with the Start Menu, Quick Launch Bar, Taskbar, and Desktop Icons.

Microsoft Office

  • Microsoft Office is a software package of many programs that are useful for everyday office – or school – tasks. Office 2003 includes Access (databases), Excel (spreadsheets), InfoPath (forms), Outlook (email), PowerPoint (presentations), Publisher (publications), and Word (word processing).


  • This is what you see when you first open Word.

Word - icons

  • You can drag your mouse over the icons to see their functions.

Word - typing

  • Type text into the blank white area.

  • Press Enter to move to the next line.

  • Use Spell Check to check your spelling.

Word – editing text

  • Hold down the left mouse button while moving the mouse cursor over a word. This highlights the word.

  • Now, watch the word’s font style change as you press bold, italics and underline.

Word – opening documents

  • In order to see a document that was already created, you need to open it.

Word – opening documents

Look on the Desktop and double click on the “English seminars” folder. Choose the file WordPractice and open it.

Word – editing an existing document

  • Once you have opened a document, you can begin typing and editing.

Word – saving documents

  • It is important to save your document often.

Word – saving documents

  • As when opening a file, choosing “Save As” brings up a window like this.

Word – saving documents

  • You can change the name of your document to NameWordPractice (example: AlisonWordPractice)

  • Save it to the “English seminars” folder on the Desktop.

Word – formatting practice

  • Now, practice editing the appearance of the text in the document you have opened.

  • Click on these icons to change the appearance.

Word – formatting practice

  • Highlight the title of the text.

  • Click the bold icon.

Word – formatting practice

  • Now, change the font to Times New Roman.

  • Change the font size to 16.

Word – formatting practice

  • If you make a mistake or do not like the format, you can undo it!

  • Choose Edit – Undo to undo the last action or Edit – Clear – Formats to undo all formats.

Word – formatting practice

  • The default alignment is left.

  • Change the alignment of the title to center by highlighting the title and clicking the Center icon.

Word - practice

  • Now, read the text on the document.

  • Next, read all four of the questions and choose which question is not appropriate for the text.

  • Highlight that question and its answers. Press the Delete key on the keyboard.

  • Type in a new question. Remember to include the correct number!

  • After typing the question, press Enter. Then press Tab, type a. and then the first possible answer. Continue for answers b. and c.

Word - practice

  • You have edited a test you could use with your pupils or use to practice your own English!

  • Be sure to save your document. Simply click the Save icon.

Word - printing

  • Before you print, preview the document to be sure the format is correct and paper is not wasted.

Word - printing

  • To print your document choose File – Print or simply click the Print icon.

Summing up

  • Today we:

    • Learned about the basic hardware and software of the computer

    • Learned about the basic features of Microsoft Word 2003

    • Edited a document using Word

Information and images in this presentation were taken from Plattsburgh’s tutorials found at

Summing up

  • Any questions?

  • At the next seminar we will:

    • Practice creating documents with pictures and tables in Word.

    • Learn about PowerPoint and create a mini-presentation.

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