Europe feudalism
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Europe: Feudalism. Emerging Europe and the Byzantine Empire. Background. Roman Empire 3 rd and 4 th Century Pope Martyrs Peter Inspiration Barbarians Constant threat Roman Man’s Duty Apostates and Apologists Emperor Diocletian Constantine Successor Vision Sun God – Mithras

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Europe: Feudalism

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Europe feudalism

Europe: Feudalism

Emerging Europe and the Byzantine Empire


Background

Background

  • Roman Empire

    • 3rd and 4th Century Pope

    • Martyrs

      • Peter

      • Inspiration

    • Barbarians

      • Constant threat

      • Roman Man’s Duty

    • Apostates and Apologists

    • Emperor Diocletian

    • Constantine

      • Successor

      • Vision

      • Sun God – Mithras

      • Edict of Milan

      • Byzantium

        • Constantinople

        • Threats


Background1

Background

  • Arius of Alexander

    • Heresy

    • Council of Nicaea

    • St. Nicholas

  • Split

    • Western and Eastern Roman Empire

    • 476 AD

  • Gothic Tribes

    • Ostrogothic King

    • Emperor in Constantinople

    • Western part of the empire

      • Allowed Barbarians to occupy

      • Taxes

    • Ostrogoth’s

      • Theodoric

      • Pope

      • Conversion


I the new germanic kingdoms

I. The New Germanic Kingdoms

  • Destroy all that is "Roman"

    • Visigoths

    • Roman Govt.


Ii the kingdom of the franks

II. The Kingdom of the Franks

  • Long-lasting

  • Clovis

    • Conversion


Iii germanic society

III. Germanic Society

  • Family

  • Wergild

    • "money for a man"

  • Ordeal

    • trial by Cold Water

    • trial by Hot Iron

    • trial by Hot Water

    • trial by Host (if defendant was a priest)


Iv the role of the church

IV. The Role of the Church

  • Organization of the Church

    • Priest

    • Bishop (dioceses)

    • Archbishop (Bishop of Rome)

  • Gregory I

    • Papal States


Europe feudalism

C. The Monk and Missions

a. St. Benedict

b. Ora et Labora

D. Monasteries

a. abbot

b. Monks = heroes of Christian

Civilization


V charlemagne

V. Charlemagne

  • Downfall of the Frankish Kingdom

    • Pepin

  • The Carolingian Empire

  • Roman Emperor

  • An Intellectual Renewal


Section 2

Section 2

Feudalism


I invaders

I. Invaders

  • The Carolingian Empire Falls Apart

  • Invasions

    • Muslims

    • Magyars

    • Vikings

      • love of adventure and war

      • Dragon Ships


Ii feudalism

II. Feudalism

  • Development

  • Knights & Vassals

    • fief

  • Feudal Contract

    • relationship between lord and vassal

  • The Nobility of the Middle Ages

    • love of warfare

    • chivalry

  • Aristocratic Women


Section 3

Section 3

The Growth of European Kingdoms


I england in the middle ages

I. England in the Middle Ages

  • Angels & Saxons

  • The Norman Conquest

    • October 14, 1066

    • William of Normandy

      • Battle of Hastings

      • Bayeux Tapestry

      • Domesday Book


Europe feudalism

C. Henry II

a. Common Law System

b. Conflict with Thomas a' Becket

c. Magna Carta

d. Parliament


Ii the french kingdom

II. The French Kingdom

  • The Capetian Dynasty

    • Hugh Capet

  • Philip II Augustus

    • Estates General

      • Clergy

      • Nobles

      • Everyone else


Iii holy roman empire

III. Holy Roman Empire

  • Otto I

    • Defeted the Magyars in 955

    • "Emperor of the Romans” – Pope John XII

  • Struggles in Italy

    • Frederick I and Frederick II

  • Effect on the Empire


Iv central eastern europe

IV. Central & Eastern Europe

  • Slavic People

  • Western Slavs

    • Poland and Bohemian Kingdoms

    • Christianity

  • Southern & Eastern Slavs

    • Cyril and Methodius

    • Orthodox Christianity

    • Glagolitic Alphabet - Cyrillic


V develoment of russia

V. Develoment of Russia

  • Viking Influence

    • Named Rulers “Rus”

  • Kievan Rus

    • Viking leader Oleg

    • Settled in Kiev

    • Orthodox Christianity

    • 1169- civil war and invasion

  • Mongol Rule

    • 13th Century Mongols

    • Alexander Nevsky – Khan - Moscow


Section 4

Section 4:

The Byzantine Empire & the Crusades


I the reign of justinian

I. The Reign of Justinian

  • Constantinople

    • Old eastern part of the Roman Empire

    • Survived – Islamic Forces

  • "Reestablish" the Roman Empire

    • Justinian

    • Empire – Italy, Spain, Asia Minor,

      Palestine, and Syria

  • The Body Civil Law

    • Codification of Roman Law

    • Sole Source of Law


Ii from eastern roman empire to byzantine empire

II. From Eastern Roman Empire to Byzantine Empire

  • Justinian

    • Problems with the Empire

  • Threat from Arabs

    • Rise of United Arab groups

  • Transition to Byzantine Empire

    • Eastern Roman Empire – Balkans and Asia Minor

    • Both Christian and Greek

    • Orthodox Church/ Emperor - Control

  • Life in Constantinople

    • Trade

    • Building

    • Hagia Sophia "The Church of Holy Wisdom"


Hagia sophia

Hagia Sophia


Iii new heights and new problems

III. New Heights and New Problems

  • The Macedonians

    • Ruled from 867-1081

    • Trade

  • 1054

    • Split Eastern Ortodox and Roman Catholic

    • Pope Leo IX and Michael Cerularius

  • Seljuk Turks

    • 1071 – Manzkert – Alexius I

  • Crusades

    • Background to Conflict

      • Pope Urban II

      • Holy War – Religion, Fame and Fortune


Iv the crusades

IV. The Crusades


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