Disorders of the respiratory system 2 . Obstructive Respiratory Disorders. Bronchitis. Bronchitis is an obstructive respiratory disease that may occur in both acute and chronic forms.
Symptoms of acute bronchitis often include productive cough, Dyspnea and possible fever.
Manifestations of chronic bronchitis:
• Productive, chronic cough
• Production of purulent sputum
• Frequent acute respiratory infections
• Hypoxia, cyanosis
• Symptoms of corpulmonale
• Fluid accumulation (edema) in later stages
Treatment of chronic bronchitis:
1. Cessation of smoking or exposure to irritants
2. Bronchodilators to open airway passages
3. Expectorants to loosen mucus
4. Anti - inflammatory to relieve airway inflammation and reduce mucus secretion
5. Prophylactic antibiotics for respiratory infections
6. Oxygen therapy
Levels of a protective enzyme α-1-antitrypsin have been shown to be lacking in certain individuals who are chronic cigarette smokers. This enzyme inactivates destructive protease enzymes (trypsin) in lung tissue.
Mainly caused by: Loss of alveolar (lung) elasticity and a decrease in the overall surface area for gas exchange within the lungs.
Manifestations include the following:
Comparison of Symptoms for
Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema