ANCIENT CHINA
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ANCIENT CHINA. VOCABULARY. Ancestor Worship. The belief that your ancestors continue to influence the spirits and watch over extended family. Civil servant. A group of people whose job it is to carry out the work of the government. Confucius.

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Ancestor worship
Ancestor Worship

  • The belief that your ancestors continue to influence the spirits and watch over extended family


Civil servant
Civil servant

  • A group of people whose job it is to carry out the work of the government


Confucius
Confucius

  • A Chinese philosopher and teacher whose beliefs had a great influence on the Chinese way of life


Currency
currency

  • The type of money used by a group or a nation


dike

  • A protective wall that controls or holds back water


Extended family
Extended Family

  • Closely related people of several generations


Liu bang lygh bahng
Liu Bang (LYGH bahng)

  • The founder of the Han dynasty


Philosophy
philosophy

  • A system of beliefs and values


Shi huangdi surh hwahng dee
Shi Huangdi (surh hwahng dee)

  • Found of the Qin dynasty and the emperor of China


Silk

  • A valuable cloth, originally made only in China from threads spun by caterpillars called silk worms


The silk road
The Silk Road

  • An ancient trade route between China and Europe


Sima qian sih mah chen
Sima Qian (sih mah chen)

  • A Chinese scholar, astronomer and historian who wrote the most important history of China entitled Historical Records


Warlord
warlord

  • A local leader of an armed group


Wudi

  • Chinese emperor who brough the Han dynasty to its greatest power


Geographical Influence

  • Mountains, sea, and desert provide some protection and isolation

  • Vulnerable to northwest

  • River valleys

    1. Yellow (Huang Ho) earliest civilization - damaging floods

    2. Yangtze - very important in unification- transportation- irrigation

    3. Chang river the longest river in China


Earliest civilizations in china
Earliest Civilizations In China

  • Earliest- Neolithic- Ban Po- similar to other parts of the world/ one of the oldest

  • Shang Dynasty 1500-11 BCE in North China along the Huang Ho- raised silk worms- silk part of lure and fascination of China, famous for bronze sculpture, daggers, jade jewelry paid homage to ancestors- family important

  • Chou (Zhou) 1027-256-longest-developed foundations for Chinese society


Ancient china a way of life confucianism
Ancient China – A Way of Life - Confucianism

  • Moral and ethical code highly developed treat everyone with consideration

  • Advocated paternalistic government

  • Value on family head- ancestor respect

  • Values- loyalty, righteousness, wisdom, sincerity

  • very practical and humanistic Gentility


Daoism taoism created by laotzu lao zi
Daoism (Taoism)created by LaoTzu (Lao Zi)

  • contemporary of Confucius

  • Tao= the road way

  • Absolute=sum of existence

  • Goal to bring people into harmony

  • very introspective

  • not as influential as Confucius


Women and the 3 Obediences/4 Virtues

**Disclaimer: This is not what I am teaching is relevant today but only in the content of understanding the culture of Ancient China.


Father child ruler subject husband wife elder brother younger brother friend friend

Relationships in Ancient China

father-childruler-subjecthusband-wifeelder brother-younger brotherfriend-friend


Zhou chou dynasty
Zhou (Chou) Dynasty

  • Feudal society- emperor gave out fiefs

  • Shang thought they had a divine right- Chou rulers had responsibility

  • Zhou did take title “Son of Heaven”

  • compared to medieval Europe- had a code for dress, fighting etc.

  • no contracts


Ancient philosophies
Ancient Philosophies

  • About 500BCE Buddha, Confucius, Greek Philosophers and Chinese - Lao Tze

  • Called a flowering period

  • India more concerned with cosmos and soul

  • China more concerned with ethical life on earth

  • Ironic comparison of Asoka and Shi Huangdi


Qin ch in dynasty 221 206 bce
Qin (Ch’in) Dynasty 221-206 BCE

  • dominated by “The First Emperor”

  • Qin Shi Huangdi (Chin Shi Huang Ti)

  • ambitious= understatement

  • centralized the government- rid of feudal lords

  • constructed roads and canals

  • The Great Wall- sacrifice AND

  • An amazing tomb found in 20th Century


Han dynasty 202bce 220 ce roman times
Han Dynasty 202BCE-220 CE(Roman Times)

  • Similar: built cities, officials to carry out edicts, heavy taxes collapsed under invasions and internal revolts

  • contact along the Silk Road, Buddhist Missionaries to China

  • combination of Confucius and legalism

  • advanced in science and literature

  • invented rudder, paper, magnetic compass, acupuncture

  • Short period of Civil War- Sui Dynasty connected two rivers with canal- over extended


Tang dynasty 618 907 ce contributions
Tang Dynasty 618-907 CE Contributions

  • Internal renewal (improved lives of people) and external expansion

  • Used formal civil service exam to recruit-set up university

  • Tried to equalize land holdings- fought corruption

  • literature and art flourished- Tang horses p 203

  • Inventions- paper during Han- used for clothes and tp- 589 used for writing- invented printing, gun powder, encyclopedia


Song sung dynasty 960 1279
Song(Sung) Dynasty 960-1279

  • moved the capitol east-

  • economic expansion- used paper money,

  • used abacus-

  • Silk Road traffic at height

    • when dangerous went to sea routes

    • first period of great oceanic commerce

    • trades tea, silk and porcelain for exotic woods and precious stones



Chinese develop paper and writing
Chinese Develop Paper and Writing

  • Chinese first used wooden scrolls and bone to keep records and write.

  • Later they wrote messages and even whole books on silk

  • 105 A.D. invented paper.

  • Early paper was made from tree bark, hemp and old rags


Chinese and learning
Chinese and Learning

  • Rulers encouraged their people to study the philosophy of Confucius and other philosophers

  • Expressive poetry flourished under the Han dynasty

  • Confucius is known as the “first teacher”


The silk road1
The Silk Road

  • Ancient trade route between China and Europe

  • Chinese kept the secret of making silk a high priority and grew rich from the trade of this material

  • Individuals found guilty of relating the secret of making silk were executed


The great wall of china
The Great Wall of China

  • Originally created during the Han dynasty by the first emperor Shi Huangdi

  • Built to protect China from invaders in the North

  • Original wall built in 10 years

  • Due to the continuous additions over the many generations the Great Wall of China is not a single wall but a system of walls

  • The Great Wall of China is over 4,500 miles in length


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