Application of textiles
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Application of Textiles. To compare processes for dyeing, printing and finishing used in the textile industry To explain how finishes affect the characteristics of fabrics To determine textile suitability for specific applications and uses. Objectives. Methods of Dyeing.

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Application of Textiles

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Application of textiles

Application of Textiles


Objectives

To compare processes for dyeing, printing and finishing used in the textile industry

To explain how finishes affect the characteristics of fabrics

To determine textile suitability for specific applications and uses

Objectives


Methods of dyeing

Methods of Dyeing

  • Cross Dyeing - two or more fiber types are colored by different classes of dye in the same solution

  • Resist Dyeing - part of the fabric is treated before to resist dye

Tie dyeing and batik are two examples of

resist dyeing

that you can do at home


Special fabric finishes

Special Fabric Finishes

  • Mercerizing – used with cotton or cotton/rayon blends to improve strength and luster

  • Heat-setting – sets a crease or specific shape in fabric – pleats

  • Fulling – wool fabrics are subjected to moisture and heat to compact them

  • Beetling – pounding of fibers to make them soft and shiny – mainly linen


Fiber uses

Fiber Uses

Man Made Fibers

Could be used for..

Lustrous

Strong

Blouses

Hosiery

Lingerie

Draperies

Parachutes

Nylon

Easy to wash

Can you think of more characteristics and uses?


Basic symbols used on care labels

Basic Symbols Used on Care Labels

Machine

Wash

Tumble

Dry

Iron

Bleach

Dry

Dry Clean


Application of textiles

Quiz

  • How can you tell the difference in a dyed piece of fabric and a printed piece of fabric?

  • List four methods of dyeing?

    3.List five methods used to transfer patterns or color designs to fabric through printing?


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