Application of textiles
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Application of Textiles. To compare processes for dyeing, printing and finishing used in the textile industry To explain how finishes affect the characteristics of fabrics To determine textile suitability for specific applications and uses. Objectives. Methods of Dyeing.

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Objectives

To compare processes for dyeing, printing and finishing used in the textile industry

To explain how finishes affect the characteristics of fabrics

To determine textile suitability for specific applications and uses

Objectives


Methods of dyeing
Methods in the textile industryof Dyeing

  • Cross Dyeing - two or more fiber types are colored by different classes of dye in the same solution

  • Resist Dyeing - part of the fabric is treated before to resist dye

Tie dyeing and batik are two examples of

resist dyeing

that you can do at home


Special fabric finishes
Special Fabric Finishes in the textile industry

  • Mercerizing – used with cotton or cotton/rayon blends to improve strength and luster

  • Heat-setting – sets a crease or specific shape in fabric – pleats

  • Fulling – wool fabrics are subjected to moisture and heat to compact them

  • Beetling – pounding of fibers to make them soft and shiny – mainly linen


Fiber uses
Fiber Uses in the textile industry

Man Made Fibers

Could be used for..

Lustrous

Strong

Blouses

Hosiery

Lingerie

Draperies

Parachutes

Nylon

Easy to wash

Can you think of more characteristics and uses?


Basic symbols used on care labels
Basic Symbols Used on Care Labels in the textile industry

Machine

Wash

Tumble

Dry

Iron

Bleach

Dry

Dry Clean


Quiz in the textile industry

  • How can you tell the difference in a dyed piece of fabric and a printed piece of fabric?

  • List four methods of dyeing?

    3. List five methods used to transfer patterns or color designs to fabric through printing?


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