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Towards a Strategic Framework on Climate Change and Development (SFCCD) for the World Bank Group Consultation www.worldbank.org/climateconsult. 28 April 2008. The World Bank Group. Outline. Objective of Consultations Climate Change is a Development Issue World Bank Group Experience

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28 april 2008

Towards aStrategic Framework on Climate Change and Development (SFCCD) for the World Bank GroupConsultationwww.worldbank.org/climateconsult

28 April 2008

The World Bank Group


Outline

Outline

  • Objective of Consultations

  • Climate Change is a Development Issue

  • World Bank Group Experience

  • How We Will Develop a Comprehensive Framework

  • About the Strategic Framework

  • Concrete Step Forward – Proposed Climate Investment Funds

  • Consultations


I objective of consultations

I. Objective of Consultations

  • Listen to different views

  • Better integrate perspectives of diverse stakeholders

  • Facilitate consensus on the World Bank Group’s role

  • Identify areas of collaboration


Ii climate change is a development issue

II. Climate Change is a Development Issue

  • “Warming of the climate is unequivocal… many natural systems are being affected” (IPCC)

  • Human-made GHG emissions are most likely among the key causes

  • Unabated growth in emissions will likely cause severe and irreversible impacts

  • The likelihood of catastrophic events is increasing

  • The exact time, location and scale of impacts are uncertain

    Effective response must combine:

    Mitigation - to avoid the unmanageable

    Adaptation - to manage the unavoidable


Climate change is a development issue

Climate Change is a Development Issue

  • Developing countries are already being affected

  • The poorest countries and communities stand to suffer the earliest and the most

  • Development gains and achievement of the Millennium Development Goals are at risk

  • Lower carbon and climate resilient growth offers opportunities for sustainable development with multiple benefits


Developing countries are most at risk 6 climate threats

Developing Countries Are Most At Risk6 Climate Threats

Low Income

Source: World Bank

Middle Income


Poverty reduction success is linked to climate change

Poverty Reduction Success Is Linked To Climate Change

distribution of climate threats, by category


Adaptation challenges over time will depend on mitigation progress

Adaptation Challenges Over Time Will Depend on Mitigation Progress

Likely change already “baked in”

Likely change with successful mitigation action

Likely change without significant action on mitigation

Risk of catastrophic events increases with temperature


Sources of ghg are cross sectoral and most significant from energy and land use change

Sources of GHG are cross-sectoral and most significant from energy and land use change


Regional impacts africa

Regional ImpactsAfrica

  • Food security and risk associated with agricultural production

  • Lack of access to safe water and increased water stress

  • Low adaptive capacity and high vulnerability to climate variability and natural disasters such as droughts and floods

  • Negative health impacts, especially increased risk of malaria

  • Sea-level rise and its impact on low-lying coastal areas

*Source: Concept Paper Annex 1


Regional impacts east asia and pacific

Regional Impacts East Asia and Pacific

  • Decreased freshwater availability

  • Endemic morbidity and mortality due to diarrhoeal disease associated with floods and droughts

  • Degradation of marine and coastal ecosystems by sea-level rise and temperature increases

  • Sea-level rise potential results in displacement of millions of people

  • Damage to aquaculture industry by sea water intrusion

  • Increased threats to the ecological stability of wetlands, mangroves and coral reefs

*Source: Concept Paper Annex 1


Regional impacts europe and central asia

Regional Impacts Europe and Central Asia

  • Increased climate-related hazards including prolonged droughts, more frequent storms and floods, and fire risk

  • Coastal Floods and erosion due to sea-level rise

  • Increased health risks due to more frequent heatwaves, flooding and greater exposure to vector- and food-borne diseases

  • High water stress

  • Decline of forest productivity

*Source: Concept Paper Annex 1


Regional impacts latin america and the caribbean

Regional Impacts Latin America and the Caribbean

  • Decreased water availability in many water scarce regions and impact on high mountain ecosystems

  • Reduction in agricultural productivity

  • Distortion of the functioning of ecosystems, including coral reefs, wetlands and mangrove, and forests

  • Large-scale displacement of populations due to increased extreme events and sea-level rise

  • Health impacts e.g., heat stress mortality and greater exposure to vector-borne diseases

*Source: Concept Paper Annex 1


Regional impacts middle east and north africa

Regional Impacts Middle East and North Africa

  • Increased occurrence of droughts and water scarcity

  • Greater fluctuation of agricultural yields, especially in rain-fed areas

  • Worsening of public health due to heat waves, decreasing water and air quality, and ground ozone formation

  • Sea-level rise and its impacts on agricultural, low-lying coastal areas and wetlands

*Source: Concept Paper Annex 1


Regional impacts south asia

Regional Impacts South Asia

  • Increased intensity and frequency of storm surges, cyclones, floods and droughts

  • Negative impact on agricultural yields particularly in arid zones and flood-affected areas

  • Decrease in river flows in the Himalayan countries, unreliable supplies of fresh water and the need for management of shared transboundary systems

  • Sea-level rise and its impact on coastal livelihood through flood, damage to groundwater aquifers, loss of wetlands and ecosystems

  • Lack of scientific information on the consequences of Himalayan snow melt and associated risks and climate change impact on biodiversity and ecosystems

*Source: Concept Paper Annex 1


Iii world bank group experience some highlights

III. World Bank Group ExperienceSome Highlights

  • 1993 – Began implementing / leveraging GEF funding for climate change

  • 1999 – Pioneered Carbon Finance through $180 million Prototype Carbon Fund

  • 1999 – ”Fuel for Thought” Environment Strategy for the Energy Sector

  • 2001 – Adopted Environment Strategy with climate change pillar

  • 2006-08 – Clean Energy Investment Framework (CEIF):

    • (i) increased access to energy, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa; (ii) accelerated transition to a low carbon energy economy; and (iii) adaptation to climate variability and change.

  • 2007 IDA and Climate Change Paper


  • Recent progress in climate change

    Recent progress in climate change

    • Share of support for low-carbon energy projects up from 28% in FY03–05 to 40% in Fy06-08, with an overall increase in energy lending from $6 billion to $11 billion

      • GEF and Carbon Finance (CF) contributed US$546 million, or 13 %, with significant leveraging

    • RE and EE lending exceeded Bonn commitment 1.5 years ahead of schedule

    • CF business grown to $2 billion, with two new facilities - CPF and FCPF- approved in September 2007

    • Low carbon growth and adaptation studies

    • Pilot program to begin measuring GHG emissions of the WBG lending portfolio is underway.

    • Strengthened partnership with MDBs


    Sources of ghg emissions in developing countries

    Sources of GHG Emissions in Developing Countries


    World bank lending is in sectors with largest opportunities for both adaptation and mitigation

    World Bank lending is in sectors with largest opportunities for both adaptation and mitigation

    Numerous opportunities to make a difference


    Similar situation in ifc miga portfolios

    … similar situation in IFC & MIGA portfolios

    IFC investment by Sector ($ mln), FY07

    MIGA Guarantees by Sector ($ mln), FY07


    Iv how we will develop a comprehensive strategic framework to address climate change

    IV. How we will develop a comprehensive strategic framework to address climate change

    • Neutrality to UNFCCC Negotiations

    • Flexibility to Accommodate New Developments

    • Working with Multiple Partners

    • Inclusive and Consultative Process


    Neutrality to unfccc negotiations

    Neutrality to UNFCCC Negotiations

    • Neutral to any party position

    • Helping countries understand the impacts of alternative policies within the UNFCCC

    • Piloting innovative instruments and approaches that help inform the development of a future regime (e.g. IDA15 as a platform for mainstreaming adaptation, Carbon Finance, Climate Investment Funds)

    • Advocacy and capacity building


    Flexibility to accommodate new developments

    The Strategic Framework will evolve as international negotiations and scientific knowledge and experience on the ground evolve

    It will pilot and test new approaches and benefit from learning and on-going consultations with various stakeholders

    Flexibility to Accommodate New Developments


    Working with multiple partners

    Working With Multiple Partners

    • UN agencies, UNFCCC Secretariat, Global Environment Facility

      • A common UN-system approach to Climate Change

      • Building blocks: mitigation, adaptation, technology, finance

    • Multilateral Development Banks

      • Have worked closely on Clean Energy Investment Framework

    • Bi-lateral donors

    • Initiatives by countries, sub-national (city) governments, private sector, Non-Governmental Organizations

    • Scaling up World Bank Group engagement based on its specific comparative advantages


    Inclusive and consultative process

    Inclusive and Consultative Process

    • Initial phase of global consultations through June 30

    • Actively seeking comment from all regions and stakeholders including civil society, private sector and youth

    • Consultations will continue through the implementation phase


    V about the strategic framework on climate change and development sfccd

    V. About the Strategic Framework on Climate Change and Development (SFCCD)


    28 april 2008

    Objective

    To integrate climate change and development

    challenges, without compromising – and rather

    enhancing – growth and poverty reduction

    efforts through:

    • WBG country, regional, and global operations

    • A multi-sectoral, multi-dimensional approach

    • The use of a strong and balanced results framework

    • Working with other development partners


    Sfccd is about development in the context of climate change

    Climate change: Role of the WBG

    SFCCD is about development in the context of climate change

    • Priority of growth, poverty reduction and MDGs

    • Importance of meeting energy needs of developing countries

    • Development imperative of helping to adapt to climate risks

    • Resource mobilization in addition to the current ODA levels


    6 pillars

    6 Pillars

    • Make effective climate action – both adaptation and mitigation – part of core development efforts

    • Address the resource gap through existing and innovative instruments for concessional finance

    • Facilitate the development of innovative market mechanisms

    • Create enabling environment for and leveraging private sector finance

    • Accelerate the deployment of existing and development of new climate-friendly technologies

    • Step-up policy research, knowledge management and capacity building


    Pillar 1

    Pillar 1

    • Make effective climate action – both adaptation and mitigation - part of core development efforts

    • Country-driven

      • Customized country-level approach balancing adaptation needs and low carbon growth opportunities

    • Multi-sector engagement based on demand

    • Tailor to the needs of both public sector (WB) and private sector (IFC) clients

    • Focus on multiple benefits and development opportunities of climate action

    • Understand and address social dimensions

    • Strengthen local institutions


    Integrating climate action in development

    Integrating climate action in development

    • Country-driven approach

      • Customized to adaptation needs and low carbon growth opportunities in a country-specific context

    • Multi-sector engagement based on demand

    • Tailor to the needs of both public sector (WB) and private sector (IFC) clients

    • Focus on multiple benefits and development opportunities of climate action

    • Attention to social dimensions and local institutions

    • Dialogue on economic and fiscal policies


    28 april 2008

    Projected Annual Funding for FY09

    GEF

    $ 250 Million

    World Bank

    Group

    (IBRD/IDA/

    IFC/MIGA)

    $1.9 billion

    Carbon

    Market

    (CDM/JI)

    $ 5 billion

    World Bank

    Trust Funds from

    Bilateral Donors

    $ 10 Million

    Climate

    Financing

    - main sources

    Adaptation

    Funds

    $ 100 Million

    Other

    MDBs financing

    $3 billion

    Climate Investment

    Funds by all MDBs

    $5 – 10 billion

    for 3 years

    GFDRR

    ~ $ 15 Million

    32


    Pillar 2

    Pillar 2

    2. Address the resource gap through existing and innovative instruments for concessional finance

    New initiatives:

    • WBG+RDBs - Climate Investment Funds (CIFs)

    • Innovation in Carbon Finance:

      • Carbon Partnership Facility, Forest Carbon Partnership Facility

    • MIGA –carbon credit delivery guarantee

    • IFC- structured financing packages blending CF with loans and guarantees

    • WB Treasury - bonds at reduced rates to advance to projects with climate benefits

    • Climate Risk Insurance products customized to different needs


    Pillar 3

    Pillar 3

    3. Facilitate the development of innovative market mechanisms

    • Carbon Market

    • Green Bonds

    • Climate Risk Insurance markets

    • Energy efficiency, “green” goods and services


    Pillar 4

    Pillar 4

    4. Create enabling environment for and leverage private sector finance

    • MIGA guarantees; IFC leveraging

    • Partnering with private sector on sustainable energy products

    • Advising private sector on climate mitigation and adaptation

    • Regulatory frameworks conducive to climate friendly investments

    • Mobilizing donor funding for innovative investments – working with GEF and other donors


    Pillar 5

    Pillar 5

    5. Accelerate the deployment of existing and development of new climate-friendly technologies

    • Continue to accelerate technology deployment:

      • IFC clean production programs

      • Proposed CIF envisages clean technology window

    • Explore possible role in technology R&D:

      • Assessment of models from other sectors

    • Working with GEF and other partners

    CO2 Emissions from Energy under Different Scenarios


    Pillar 6

    Pillar 6

    6. Step-up policy research, knowledge management and capacity building

    • Growing regional and country programs – low-carbon growth studies in six countries; adaptation studies

    • World Development Report 2010 on climate change

    • Global study on economics of adaptation

    • Social impacts of climate change

    • Economic and fiscal policy analyses

    • Diagnostic tools to support operations

      • User-friendly software to screen for climate risks

      • Methodologies for carbon foot-printing of development projects (starting with energy, transport, and forestry sectors FY08-09)

      • Guidance for economic analysis: discount rates, carbon pricing


    Consultations

    Consultations

    • Developing countries, UN agencies (UNFCCC, UNEP, UNDP, etc.), donors, CSOs, private sector, youth

      • Multisector

        • In all regions, document translated into 7 languages

          • www.worldbank.org/climateconsult

            • videoconferencing; teleconferences; face-to-face

    • Internal consultations underway


    Your feedback www worldbank org climateconsult

    Your Feedback: www.worldbank.org/climateconsult

    • [Global] What should the World Bank Group’s role on climate change be within the international development community?

    • [Climate & Development] The Concept and Issues Paper states that both mitigation and adaptation must be integrated into development efforts: where do you see the key areas of focus for the World Bank Group?

    • [Clean Technologies] What role can the World Bank Group play to accelerate the development and deployment at scale of climate friendly technologies for energy, transport, agriculture and other sectors in developing countries?

    • [Capacity Building] Building capacity within countries, regions and institutions will be crucial to address climate change issues. How can the World Bank Group contribute?

    • [Additional Financing] What should be the role of the World Bank Group in mobilizing additional concessional financing and private sector investments to respond to climate change?


    We are listening

    We are listening

    www.worldbank.org/climateconsult


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