Folktales
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Folktales. What is a folktale? . What is a folktale? . Story that began through oral story telling Passed down through generations Teaches a lesson OR explains why things are the way they are. . Characteristics. Simple, straightforward

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Folktales

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Folktales

Folktales

What is a folktale?


What is a folktale

What is a folktale?

  • Story that began through oral story telling

  • Passed down through generations

  • Teaches a lesson

  • OR explains why things are the way they are.


Characteristics

Characteristics

  • Simple, straightforward

  • Characters represent human qualities: wisdom, laziness, cleverness, foolishness, good or evil

  • Can include magic or supernatural elements


Types

Types

  • Trickster tales

  • Fables

  • Why? Stories

  • Fairytales


Trickster tale

Trickster Tale

  • Trickster character is clever or devious

  • Causes problems for himself and others

  • Usually goes unpunished- portrayed as innocent/devilish not true evil.

  • Cultures have specific tricksters-

    • Spiders (Anansi) in Africa

    • Fox, Hare or Coyote in North America

    • Badger in Japan


Fables

Fables

  • Short stories that teach a lesson

  • Animals are usually characters, with human characteristics

  • Stress common themes such the importance of cooperation or looking at different viewpoints.


Why stories

Why? stories

  • Explain how something came to be

  • OR why it is the way it is


Fairytales

Fairytales

  • Explain elements of good and bad

  • Include predictable qualities such as “Once upon a time…” and “Happily ever after.”

  • Have a hero or heroine

  • Often include magic


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