Debates – PSYB4 2 hour exam. Topic includes…. Free will vs. determinism debate Heredity vs. Environment debate Holism vs. Reductionism debate Idiographic vs. Nomothetic debate Scientific approach to psychology. Some issues in philosophy. Can you doubt that you exist?
Tim is 14 years and displays a variety of twitches and tics. His head sometimes jerks and he often blinks and grimaces. Occasionally, he blurts out words, usually vulgarities. He doesn’t mean to do it and is embarrassed by it, but he cannot control it. Because of this strange behaviour, most other children avoid him. His isolation and embarrassment are interfering with his social development. Tim suffers from a rare condition called Tourette’s disorder.
Are we free to choose how to think and
behave or is our behaviour determined and caused by factors outside our control.
‘A hypothetical and often reified internal agency that functions independently of externally imposed forces.’
It is very difficult to have an absolute definition for free will so instead a
number of meanings have been proposed: (Valentine, 1992)
EV Some would argue that free will is the opposite to determinism, but that would suggest that all behaviours are totally unpredictable, random and has no cause. However most behaviours are predictable and do have a cause! Planning a holiday for example has many determining factors….