K to 12 Art Philosophy for Art Education ART – has been present since the beginning of civilization since it is an integral means for man to live and communicate.
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Philosophy for Art Education
ART – has been present since the beginning of civilization since it is an integral means for man to live and communicate.
- it has been used to enhance man’s life surroundings, to thoughts, dreams and spiritual beliefs, and to share his personal and his community’s aspiration, celebration and events.
Man have created objects like jewelry, woven clothing, carved furniture for their homes, utensils for eating, weapons for hunting, and icons for worshipping, by using materials from their surroundings.
In our present times with the aid of technology, men created films, animations, design for homes and cities, and various activities, communication, entertainment etc.
ART – is a visualization of a people’s history uniqueness, a reflection of their creativity and accomplishments, and a visible expression of their distinct way of thinking, communicating, reasoning and worshipping.
ART – is expressed in a unique symbol system that is visual, tactile and spatial.
Spatial Intelligence = is the ability of creating, seeing and understanding the arts.
Intrapersonal Intelligence = recognizes that the arts develop a distinct way of seeing, thinking, investigating, communicating and creating in a person that develops creativity and innovation.
Elements and PriciplesArt Processes
1. Color - Seeing/observing
2. Line - Reading
3. Shape/Form - Imitating(re-creating)
4. Value - Responding
5. Texture -Creating
6. Rhythm - Performing Including
7. Balance - Evaluating
8. Emphasis - Evaluating
9. Proportion - Analyzing Critically
10. Harmony - Applying
Essentials to understanding,
interpreting and talking
Line, Color, Value, Texture, Shape & Form
Line - A mark or stroke that is longer than it is wide. It is the path of a point moving in space. Objects and things are perceived by the line that describes them.
Characteristics of line include:
The Color Wheel
name for color.
Primary colorsare hues from
which all other colors can be made:
red, yellow, blue.
Secondary colors are made from
mixing equal parts of the Primary colors: orange, green, violet.
Tertiary colorsare those colors between Primary and Secondary colors: yellow-orange, red-orange, etc.
Neutral colorsare black, white, and grays mixed from black and white. They are not classified as warm or cool.
are variations in value of one color.
Analogous colors are colors that are adjacent (side by side) to each other on the color wheel.
Complementary colorsare colors that are opposite each other on the color wheel: red-green, orange-blue, yellow-violet.
Highlightis the lightest value.
Shadow is dark value.
Textureis the surface quality or appearance of an object.
sphere, cube, pyramid, cone, cylinder
Unity, Repetition, Balance, Rhythm, Dominance, Contrast
Unity is created when objects seem to belong to each other so that each contributes something to the whole composition. Nothing can be left out without changing the composition.
Symmetry is created when the balancing elements seem to carry the same visual weight or shape on each side of the composition. Asymmetry is unlike sides.
Repetition is created when
one of the Elements of
Design are repeated at regular
created when there is a
regular repetition of particular
forms; it shows a pattern of
* Balance *demonstrates an understanding
* Proportion that a drawing can be a reality
* Variety or imaginary useful and decorative
*understands that drawing can express one’s ideas about oneself,
one’s family and neighborhood.
Mrs. Genia V. Santos