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K to 12 Art Philosophy for Art Education - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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K to 12 Art Philosophy for Art Education ART – has been present since the beginning of civilization since it is an integral means for man to live and communicate.

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K to 12 Art Philosophy for Art Education

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K to 12 Art

Philosophy for Art Education

ART – has been present since the beginning of civilization since it is an integral means for man to live and communicate.

- it has been used to enhance man’s life surroundings, to thoughts, dreams and spiritual beliefs, and to share his personal and his community’s aspiration, celebration and events.


Man have created objects like jewelry, woven clothing, carved furniture for their homes, utensils for eating, weapons for hunting, and icons for worshipping, by using materials from their surroundings.


In our present times with the aid of technology, men created films, animations, design for homes and cities, and various activities, communication, entertainment etc.

ART – is a visualization of a people’s history uniqueness, a reflection of their creativity and accomplishments, and a visible expression of their distinct way of thinking, communicating, reasoning and worshipping.

ART – is expressed in a unique symbol system that is visual, tactile and spatial.

Spatial Intelligence = is the ability of creating, seeing and understanding the arts.

Intrapersonal Intelligence = recognizes that the arts develop a distinct way of seeing, thinking, investigating, communicating and creating in a person that develops creativity and innovation.

Elements and PriciplesArt Processes

1. Color - Seeing/observing

2. Line - Reading

3. Shape/Form - Imitating(re-creating)

4. Value - Responding

5. Texture -Creating

6. Rhythm - Performing Including


7. Balance - Evaluating

8. Emphasis - Evaluating

9. Proportion - Analyzing Critically

10. Harmony - Applying


and Principles

of Design

Essentials to understanding,

interpreting and talking

about art.

Elements of Design

Line, Color, Value, Texture, Shape & Form

Line - A mark or stroke that is longer than it is wide. It is the path of a point moving in space. Objects and things are perceived by the line that describes them.

Characteristics of line include:

  • Width - thick, thin, uneven

  • Length - long, short, continuous, broken

  • Direction - horizontal, vertical, diagonal, curving, perpendicular, oblique, parallel, zigzag

Shape is the external outline of an object. It is two-dimensional.

  • Organic –natural, irregular

  • Geometric - circle, square, rectangle, triangle, pentagon, octagon, etc

Color - the sensation resultingfrom reflection or absorptionof light by a surface.

The Color Wheel

Hueis another

name for color.

Primary colorsare hues from

which all other colors can be made:

red, yellow, blue.

Secondary colors are made from

mixing equal parts of the Primary colors: orange, green, violet.

Tertiary colorsare those colors between Primary and Secondary colors: yellow-orange, red-orange, etc.

Neutral colorsare black, white, and grays mixed from black and white. They are not classified as warm or cool.

Monochromatic colors

are variations in value of one color.

Analogous colors are colors that are adjacent (side by side) to each other on the color wheel.

Complementary colorsare colors that are opposite each other on the color wheel: red-green, orange-blue, yellow-violet.

Value refers to the degree of lightness or darkness and can refer to the way color is used.

Highlightis the lightest value.

Shadow is dark value.

Textureis the surface quality or appearance of an object.

Form is a shape that is three-dimensional.

sphere, cube, pyramid, cone, cylinder

Principles of Design

Unity, Repetition, Balance, Rhythm, Dominance, Contrast

Unity is created when objects seem to belong to each other so that each contributes something to the whole composition. Nothing can be left out without changing the composition.

Balanceis created when there is equilibrium of elements that need each other and together they create Unity.

Symmetry is created when the balancing elements seem to carry the same visual weight or shape on each side of the composition. Asymmetry is unlike sides.

Dominanceis created when one part is given more importance than any other part of the work.

Repetition is created when

one of the Elements of

Design are repeated at regular


Rhythm is

created when there is a

regular repetition of particular

forms; it shows a pattern of


Contrastis created when opposites are used such as light and dark colors, or large and small shapes.

  • In the Curriculum Guide)

  • Art Grade I - First Quarter

  • Process:The Learners

  • *Drawing *understand that Art is all

  • -portraitsaround and created by different

  • -persons people

  • -animals

  • -plants, flowers *able to identify the kind of drawing

  • -houses, furniture

  • *able to draw using different shape

  • and texture

  • *Elements The Learners

  • -shapes *sees that artists use different lines

  • -lines shapes and texture

  • -texture *uses different drawing books

  • *draws different kinds of plants, leaves

  • & flowers showing variety of lines and

  • colors…

  • PrinciplesThe Learners

    * Balance *demonstrates an understanding

    * Proportion that a drawing can be a reality

    * Variety or imaginary useful and decorative

    *understands that drawing can express one’s ideas about oneself,

    one’s family and neighborhood.



    Mrs. Genia V. Santos



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