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What does the word ‘survival’ mean? Do we worry about surviving?

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What does the word ‘survival’ mean? Do we worry about surviving? How do we get things (food, games, clothing, etc.)? Did people always use money to get things they wanted or needed? Have you ever traded something to get something else?. The First Occupants: Survival, Trade & Culture.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

What does the word ‘survival’ mean?

  • Do we worry about surviving?
  • How do we get things (food, games, clothing, etc.)?
  • Did people always use money to get things they wanted or needed?
  • Have you ever traded something to get something else?
survival was the most important
Survival was the most important
  • All of the First Occupant groups had to survive
  • Food/Shelter/Clothing/ Tools
  • Everything they needed came from NATURE
  • The First Occupants DEPENDED on nature and the environment
slide5

How did the First Occupant groups get things they could not find where they lived?

  • They would trade to get things to get other things!
trading
Trading
  • Trading is called the ‘Barter System’
  • Some tribes did not have access to certain things
  • Groups used SURPLUS to trade with other tribes to get what was needed
  • SURPLUS means EXTRA
slide8

Where do all the things we buy come from?

  • How does it get to our house?
  • What kinds of transportation do we use to get things to the store?
  • Do you think the First Occupants had the same types of transportation?
first occupants trade networks
First Occupants: Trade networks
  • Each group lived in a different area  (vegetables, furs, stones beads, etc.)
  • Groups travelled and met up with each other to TRADE.
  • Goods were passed along and could go from one end of North America to another, going from one person to another to another....
  • This is called: TRADE NETWORKS

Movement of Shells

Finish

Start

slide10

Start

Finish

slide11

Why was trading important?

  • To get items that were needed (food, clothing, etc.)
  • Show generosity between the different groups
  • To help make friends between the different groups
what does the word culture mean
What does the word ‘Culture’ mean?

Culture can include:

  • Languages,
  • Customs,
  • Singing and dancing,
  • Art,
  • Religions,
  • Ways of thinking,
  • Story telling
  • and a lot of other things
culture respect for the environment
Culture – Respect for the Environment
  • The First Occupants had lots of respect for nature Why?
  • The environment helped the First Occupants survive
  • Food, shelter, transportation, tools, etc.  provided by the environment
slide14

Can you name different types of religions?

  • Can you tell me some of the customs associated with these religions?
  • Do you think the First Occupant had a religion of their own?
spirituality religion animism
Spirituality/Religion: Animism
  • The First Occupants were ‘Animists’
  • They believed that everything had a spirit
  • They believed that spirits could keep living after death.
  • For example, a deer’s spirit could live on after the deer had died.
spirituality religion animism1
Spirituality/Religion: Animism
  • Animism was connected to nature and the environment
  • Animism respected nature and the environment (plants, animals, etc.)
  • You can see the respect for nature in First Occupant art
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