Background
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 9

Background Approach, Design, & Procedure The Weakness & Strength The Decline of ALM PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 107 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Background Approach, Design, & Procedure The Weakness & Strength The Decline of ALM The Application in Language Classroom. The entry of the United States into World War II ASTP (the Army Specialized Training Program) Student exchange. INTRODUCTION.

Download Presentation

Background Approach, Design, & Procedure The Weakness & Strength The Decline of ALM

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Background approach design procedure the weakness strength the decline of alm

  • Background

  • Approach, Design, & Procedure

  • The Weakness & Strength

  • The Decline of ALM

  • The Application in Language Classroom


Background approach design procedure the weakness strength the decline of alm

  • The entry of the United States into World War II

  • ASTP (the Army Specialized Training Program)

  • Student exchange


Introduction

INTRODUCTION

  • Founded around 1950’s and 1960’s, ALM was based on structural linguistic and behavioral physchology: the way to acquire the sentence patterns of the target language is repetitionof dialogues about every day situations that are imitated and drilled to make the response automatic.


Background approach design procedure the weakness strength the decline of alm

  • Speech is language

  • A language is a set of habits

  • Teach the language, not about the language


Background approach design procedure the weakness strength the decline of alm

  • Language is a system of structural related elements, like phonological units, grammatical units, and lexical items, for the transmission of meaning.

  • So to learn the target language is to master the elements of the target language system.

  • Each language is seen to have its own unique system


Background approach design procedure the weakness strength the decline of alm

  • Learning as behavioral psychology

  • The occurrence of these behavior is dependent upon three crucial element in learning:

  • Stimulus

  • Response

  • Reinforcement


Background approach design procedure the weakness strength the decline of alm

  • Language learning is habit-formation.

  • Mistakes, the bad habit, should be avoided.

  • Language skills are learned more effectively if they are presented orally first, then in written form.

  • The meaning of words can be learned only in a linguistic and cultural context.


Background approach design procedure the weakness strength the decline of alm

  • Design


Objectives

OBJECTIVES

Focus: oral / speaking skill;

depending on:


  • Login