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Background Approach, Design, & Procedure The Weakness & Strength The Decline of ALM PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Background Approach, Design, & Procedure The Weakness & Strength The Decline of ALM The Application in Language Classroom. The entry of the United States into World War II ASTP (the Army Specialized Training Program) Student exchange. INTRODUCTION.

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Background Approach, Design, & Procedure The Weakness & Strength The Decline of ALM

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  • Background

  • Approach, Design, & Procedure

  • The Weakness & Strength

  • The Decline of ALM

  • The Application in Language Classroom


  • The entry of the United States into World War II

  • ASTP (the Army Specialized Training Program)

  • Student exchange


INTRODUCTION

  • Founded around 1950’s and 1960’s, ALM was based on structural linguistic and behavioral physchology: the way to acquire the sentence patterns of the target language is repetitionof dialogues about every day situations that are imitated and drilled to make the response automatic.


  • Speech is language

  • A language is a set of habits

  • Teach the language, not about the language


  • Language is a system of structural related elements, like phonological units, grammatical units, and lexical items, for the transmission of meaning.

  • So to learn the target language is to master the elements of the target language system.

  • Each language is seen to have its own unique system


  • Learning as behavioral psychology

  • The occurrence of these behavior is dependent upon three crucial element in learning:

  • Stimulus

  • Response

  • Reinforcement


  • Language learning is habit-formation.

  • Mistakes, the bad habit, should be avoided.

  • Language skills are learned more effectively if they are presented orally first, then in written form.

  • The meaning of words can be learned only in a linguistic and cultural context.


  • Design


OBJECTIVES

Focus: oral / speaking skill;

depending on:


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