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Actor Network-Theory. Week 4. Actor-Network Theory. Abbreviated as ‘ANT’ An approach to social theory relating to ‘material-semiotic’ method Asserts the agency of non-humans Challenges conventional and critical sociology. Background. Originated in the field of social science

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Actor network theory1
Actor-Network Theory

  • Abbreviated as ‘ANT’

  • An approach to social theory relating to ‘material-semiotic’ method

  • Asserts the agency of non-humans

  • Challenges conventional and critical sociology


Background
Background

  • Originated in the field of social science

  • Developed at the Centre De Sociologie de I’Innovation in the 1980’s

  • Theory established by sociologist John Law and Science and Technology Studies (STS) scholars Michel Callon and Bruno Latour

  • Developed to help comprehend processes of knowledge-creation and innovation in science and technology


Influences
Influences

  • Existing work by STS

  • Semiotics of Algiridas Julian Greimas

  • Writing of philosopher Michel Serres

  • Annales School of History

  • French Post-Structuralism

  • English language Academic traditions

  • Ethnomethodology

  • Symbolic Integrationist approaches


Concepts
Concepts

  • Translation

  • Intermediaries and mediators

  • Generalized Symmetry

  • Actants

  • Punctualisation

  • Tokens/quasi-objects


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