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Actor Network-Theory. Week 4. Actor-Network Theory. Abbreviated as ‘ANT’ An approach to social theory relating to ‘material-semiotic’ method Asserts the agency of non-humans Challenges conventional and critical sociology. Background. Originated in the field of social science

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actor network theory1
Actor-Network Theory
  • Abbreviated as ‘ANT’
  • An approach to social theory relating to ‘material-semiotic’ method
  • Asserts the agency of non-humans
  • Challenges conventional and critical sociology
background
Background
  • Originated in the field of social science
  • Developed at the Centre De Sociologie de I’Innovation in the 1980’s
  • Theory established by sociologist John Law and Science and Technology Studies (STS) scholars Michel Callon and Bruno Latour
  • Developed to help comprehend processes of knowledge-creation and innovation in science and technology
influences
Influences
  • Existing work by STS
  • Semiotics of Algiridas Julian Greimas
  • Writing of philosopher Michel Serres
  • Annales School of History
  • French Post-Structuralism
  • English language Academic traditions
  • Ethnomethodology
  • Symbolic Integrationist approaches
concepts
Concepts
  • Translation
  • Intermediaries and mediators
  • Generalized Symmetry
  • Actants
  • Punctualisation
  • Tokens/quasi-objects
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