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第一章 绪论 1.1 计算机的发展历程 1.2 计算机与信息社会 1.3 信息素养及其培养 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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第一章 绪论 1.1 计算机的发展历程 1.2 计算机与信息社会 1.3 信息素养及其培养. 1.1 计算机的发展历程. 1.1.1 计算机的产生 在现代计算机问世之前,计算机的发展经历了机械计算机、机电计算机和萌芽期的电子计算机 3 个阶段。. 1 .机械计算机 从 17 世纪到 19 世纪中期长达 200 多年的时间里,一批杰出的科学家相继进行了机械计算机的研制,其中的代表人物有帕斯卡( Blaise Pascal )、莱布尼茨( Gottfried Leibniz )和巴贝奇( Charles Babbage )。.

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第一章 绪论 1.1 计算机的发展历程 1.2 计算机与信息社会 1.3 信息素养及其培养

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1.1 1.2 1.3


1.1

1.1.1 3


11719200Blaise PascalGottfried LeibnizCharles Babbage


16421673


18221834


21938Konrad ZuseZ-11944Howard AikenIBMInternational Business MachineMARK-


3.

1939John V. AtanasoffClifford E. BerryABCAtanasoff- Berry ComputerABCABC


41946 215Electronic Numerical Integrator and CalculatorENIAC


5

  • (Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic ComputerEDVAC)

  • 1834


1.1.2

111946~19581946ENIACEDVAC1952EDVAC


19516UNIVAC -


221958~196419581954BellTRADIC800


1958IBMRCA5011959IBMIBM 7090IBM 709019601964FORTRANCOBOLALGOL


331964~19701958Jack KilbyRobert Noyce19644 IBM 360



4419712070Large Scale IntegrationLSIVery Large Scale IntegrationVLSI


41971IntelIntel 40041981IBMIBM PC


1975CRAYCRAY-1200411IBMBlue Gene/L70.7220086IBMLos Alamos National LaboratoryLANLRoadrunner1.026


198312-11993-10199761302000-1.0647


2080863199310100020003000


20046114000102008115000A10180.64000A10


19961999-3840


209020021800IT20031268004.1835



1.2

1.2.1

Information TechnologyIT


1.2.2


1.2.3


4Computer-Aided DesignCAD5Artificial IntelligenceAI


62090InternetInternet


1.3

1.3.1 Information Literacy


1.3.2

1

2


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