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第一章 绪论 1.1 计算机的发展历程 1.2 计算机与信息社会 1.3 信息素养及其培养 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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第一章 绪论 1.1 计算机的发展历程 1.2 计算机与信息社会 1.3 信息素养及其培养. 1.1 计算机的发展历程. 1.1.1 计算机的产生 在现代计算机问世之前,计算机的发展经历了机械计算机、机电计算机和萌芽期的电子计算机 3 个阶段。. 1 .机械计算机 从 17 世纪到 19 世纪中期长达 200 多年的时间里,一批杰出的科学家相继进行了机械计算机的研制,其中的代表人物有帕斯卡( Blaise Pascal )、莱布尼茨( Gottfried Leibniz )和巴贝奇( Charles Babbage )。.

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第一章 绪论 1.1 计算机的发展历程 1.2 计算机与信息社会 1.3 信息素养及其培养

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1.1 1.2 1.3


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1.1

1.1.1 3


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11719200Blaise PascalGottfried LeibnizCharles Babbage


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16421673


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18221834


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21938Konrad ZuseZ-11944Howard AikenIBMInternational Business MachineMARK-


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3.

1939John V. AtanasoffClifford E. BerryABCAtanasoff- Berry ComputerABCABC


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41946 215Electronic Numerical Integrator and CalculatorENIAC


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5

  • (Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic ComputerEDVAC)

  • 1834


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1.1.2

111946~19581946ENIACEDVAC1952EDVAC


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19516UNIVAC -


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221958~196419581954BellTRADIC800


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1958IBMRCA5011959IBMIBM 7090IBM 709019601964FORTRANCOBOLALGOL


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331964~19701958Jack KilbyRobert Noyce19644 IBM 360


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4419712070Large Scale IntegrationLSIVery Large Scale IntegrationVLSI


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41971IntelIntel 40041981IBMIBM PC


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1975CRAYCRAY-1200411IBMBlue Gene/L70.7220086IBMLos Alamos National LaboratoryLANLRoadrunner1.026


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198312-11993-10199761302000-1.0647


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2080863199310100020003000


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20046114000102008115000A10180.64000A10


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19961999-3840


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209020021800IT20031268004.1835


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1.2

1.2.1

Information TechnologyIT


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1.2.2


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1.2.3


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4Computer-Aided DesignCAD5Artificial IntelligenceAI


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62090InternetInternet


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1.3

1.3.1 Information Literacy


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1.3.2

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