Why Imperialism?. Gallery Walk. What is imperialism?. The practice of building an empire by founding colonies or conquering other nations In the mid to late 1800’s the U.S. moves away from a foreign policy of ISOLATIONISM ( George Washington’s policy and advice)
This cartoon depicts Russia selling a large block of ice to the US for a little over $7 million. (2 cents an acre) The caption reads “Prepare for the heating team! Seward lays a great stock of Russian ice in order to cool down the Congressional majority”
Thomas Nast was a famous cartoonist who shows Seward putting a “Russian” ointment on the Presidents head to sooth it and help him agree more with his purchase of the Alaskan territory. (Convince him)
US organizing its large Naval fleet on Virginia shores in 1853.
Japanese depiction of US naval fleet entering their ports in 1854. Very intimidating show of force.
By the mid-1870’s the US Navy ranked twelfth largest and most powerful in the world. The US was motivated by its advances and began to build up its Navy more for future overseas use. By 1896, they had risen to have more than 10,000 American sailors in uniform and their Navy now ranked fifth in the world. Their new steel plated battle ships were all powered by steam. The expansion of the Navy was one sign that the US was becoming a world power.
Japanese painting illustrating a US Naval ship as a sea monster that forced its ships into Japanese harbors.
A Japanese illustration showing Commodore Matthew Perry giving an ultimatum to the Japanese emperor over trade issues. Americans wanted the Japanese to open their ports to foreign trade & to help shipwrecked sailors. Perry entered Tokyo harbor in 1853. He then asked that Japan follow its wishes and he would return in one year for an answer. A year later Perry returned with seven armed Naval ships. This show of aggression, intimidation, and force made the Japanese give in to the US demands. In 1854 the Treaty of Kanagawa was signed and Japan was open to trade.
Stamp created by the US to celebrate the work of Commodore Perry and the US Navy in getting Japan to sign the Treaty of Kanagawa and open themselves up to trade with foreign nations.
Planters were interested in Hawaii due to its climate year round. In this environment farmers could grow crops at anytime of the year. The most profitable crops were pineapple, bananas, and sugar cane.
The US began to extend its influence and control around the globe in the late 1800’s and early 1900’s. They began with Alaska in the north and then laid claim to islands in the Pacific. First the Midway, then Hawaii.
Annexing (taking control) of the Hawaiian Islands was good economically for growers. But it was also a strategic location in the middle of the Pacific for military bases and naval ports. A presence in the Pacific was also good for trade and protection.
This cartoon represents the US as a tyrant sitting on its throne upon the Hawaiian Islands. The US annexed Hawaii and overthrew its original traditional government.
Queen Liliuokalani was forced to step down from her throne as ruler of the Hawaiian Islands in 1893 in the midst of the Planters Rebellion. Soon after, the US annexed Hawaii as its 50th state.
The Queen was disgusted by what she called “outright exploitation of her land and people” She felt the US used them to prosper economically from their land (farming) and for their Christian Missionaries to force their religion on the Natives.
Cartoon from a US newspaper depicting the unhappiness of the Native Hawaiian people over becoming the 50th US state.
Caption reads: “Meeting of Natives at Hilo, Island of Hawaii… Protest Against Annexation”