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Truman’s Domestic Presidency Post War Problems. Economic Troubles Soldier Return Home Tensions under Truman. G.I. Bill Economic Controls Taft Hartley Act 1947 ended closed shop unions right of employers to be exempted from bargaining with unions unless they wished decreased union power

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truman s domestic presidency post war problems
Truman’s Domestic PresidencyPost War Problems
  • Economic Troubles
      • Soldier Return Home
  • Tensions under Truman
truman s domestic presidency post war solutions
G.I. Bill

Economic Controls

Taft Hartley Act 1947

ended closed shop unions

right of employers to be exempted from bargaining with unions unless they wished

decreased union power

80 day “cooling off period”

TR - veto, Congress - override

Truman’s Domestic PresidencyPost War Solutions
truman s domestic presidency post war solutions1
Truman\'s Fair Deal

Key Ideas:

Expand on New Deal:

Min. Wage/Full Employment

SS Benefits increased to retired workers

Housing Act to build for low income fams

Civil Rights

Truman’s Domestic PresidencyPost War Solutions
truman s domestic presidency election of 1948
Truman’s Domestic Presidency Election of 1948

1.) Truman’s popularity low-

2.) Split in party/opposition a.) Dixiecrats- b.) Progressives- c.) Republicans-

3.) campaign- a.) Truman’s views- b.)

4.) Results:

truman s domestic presidency 2nd term accomplishments
Truman’s Domestic Presidency2nd Term & Accomplishments
  • Accomplishments
  • 1.) Civil Rights
  • a.)
  • b.)
  • c.)
      • 2.) Cold War-
  • 3.) Presidential Succession Act
eisenhower s domestic presidency election of 1952
Eisenhower’s credentials:

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Stevenson:

Results: defeats Stevenson 55%, 442-89

first election with TV impact - ads

“I Like Ike”

WWII hero, helped end the Korean War, popular

1st Repub since ??

Eisenhower’s Domestic PresidencyElection of 1952
eisenhower s domestic presidency governing style
Ran government like military, relied on advisors

conservative period begins 1950’s

Conformity vs. Rebellion will define the decade

Eisenhower’s Domestic PresidencyGoverning Style
postwar america 1950 s economics effects society
Conglomerations - Oligopolies in Automobile industry effects society

more variety (auto somewhat of an exception)

more businesses

fast food, motels, drive ins

Interstate Highway Act 1956

Birth of Franchise

-McDonalds

“military industrial complex”

Postwar America1950’s Economics effects Society
postwar america technological advancement
A. Computers

Eniac

B. Nuclear Power

C. medical advances

Dr. Jonas Salk?

Postwar AmericaTechnological Advancement
postwar america 1950 s society growth of suburbia
Marriage promoted while divorce was scandalous

Baby Boom post WWII 1946-64, height 1957, one baby every 7 seconds, 4.25 million

why?

Postwar America1950’s Society - Growth of Suburbia
postwar america 1950 s society
Move to the Suburbs

“Keeping up with the Jones’”

Social customs in the workplace - male dominance

The Man in the Grey Flannel Suit - book and film

women - home, mom – cult of domesticity returns

Dr. Benjamin Spock - Common Sense Book of Baby Care

Postwar America1950’s Society
postwar america 1950 s society technology entertainment tv
Impact of Television

themes and characters

“vast wasteland”

live performances

boom to advertising industry

impact on radio, film

Postwar America1950’s Society - Technology & Entertainment (TV)
postwar america 1950 s society1
Consumer Society Created

chemical industry - new fabrics and cookware

electronics industry

recreational equipment - more leisure time

Postwar America1950’s Society
1950 s society consumerism
Increased use of credit

home mortgages, cars, appliances

Diner’s Club 1950, American Express 1957

private debt from $73-179 b.

1950’s SocietyConsumerism
1950 s society consumerism1
Effects of Consumerism

“planned obsolescence”

wear out, out of date, stylistic changes

consumers urged to get the latest product - cars, clothes, etc

The “Affluent” Society

1950’s SocietyConsumerism
1950 s society conformity
Silent Generation

Rise of Religion

Gender Roles

Children’s Roles

1950’s SocietyConformity
1950 s society challenges to conformity
Literature

- the beat movement, attacks materialism

Jack Kerouac - On the Road

Allen Ginsberg - Howl

William Burroughs - heroin addiction -glorified

Grace Metalious- Peyton Place

1950’s SocietyChallenges to Conformity
1950 s society challenges to conformity1
1950’s SocietyChallenges to Conformity

Music:

  • Radio and Rock and Roll
    • “race music”, “devil’s music” (Blurred lines between black and white)
    • radio’s role
    • Elvis Presley, Little Richard, Chuck Berry, Bill Haley…
  • Jazz
    • Examples
1950 s society challenges to conformity2
Film Industry

subjects that TV wouldn’t touch

poverty, race issues, rebellion

Rebel Without a Cause - James Dean

1950’s SocietyChallenges to Conformity
1950 s society challenges to conformity3
Cold War films

Invasion of the Body Snatchers

Dr. Strangelove

The Manchurian Candidate

Westerns: High Noon

1950’s SocietyChallenges to Conformity
1950 s society challenges to conformity4
Print Industry

Playboy - Hugh Hefner

“girl next door”

sexual barriers broken down

Cosmopolitan, McCall’s - women’s issues, advertisements

1950’s SocietyChallenges to Conformity
ad